Test Two Flashcards Preview

COM Test Two > Test Two > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test Two Deck (32):


Learned and shared values, beliefs and behaviors common to a group of people.



Cultural marker that indicates shared tradition and heritage.



Social construct used to classify human beings into separate value based on categories.


Francois Bernier 1964

Claimed people are separated by two elements; skin color and facial features.
1. European
2. African
3. Oriental
4. Lapps


Johann Friedrich Bernier 1795

Most influential, used geography and observed physical differences.
1. Caucasian
2. Americans
3. Malays
4. Afer/Ethiopian



Over-generalization of an entire group or population can lead to racial profiling.



Internalized oppression use stereotypes to make judgement using negative categories.



Act on our prejudice.


Internalized Opression

Member of the group that is stereotyped and internalizes those negative categories.



Prejudice plus power.


Reverse Racism

No such thing as reverse racism.


Active vs. Passive

Active: Intentional
Passive: Just letting it happen.


Nonviolent Resistance

Is the practice of achieving goals through symbolic protest, civil disobedience, economic and political non-cooperation.


MLK 6 Facts

1. It is not for cowards

2. Goal is not to defeat or humiliate opponent but to create cooperation and community.

3. Nonviolent resister attacks the forces of evil not the people in engaged in evil.

4. Nonviolent resister accepts suffering w/o retaliation, accepts violence but never commits it.

5. The nonviolent resister learns to love the opponent with unconditional love.

6. Based on the belief on that the universe is moving forward towards wholeness and peace.


Ideas of Action and Empathy

Most impactful when you do things outside of your own self interest.


10 Ways to Fight Hate

1. To act
2. Join forces
3. Support the Victims
4. Speak up
5. Educating yourself
6. Create an alternative
7. Pressure leaders
8. Stay engaged
9. Teaching acceptance
10. Dig deeper



Biochemical reaction within the body based on the way we interpert or respond to external pressure.



1. Experienced subjectively

2. Positive or negative (can't control)

3. Responsive behaviors (can control)


3 Types of Stress

1. Eustress: Short term stress that encourages us to take important activities more seriously.

2. Hypo-stress: Occurs when you are bored or under challenged.

3. Hyper-stress: Occurs when to many task or responsibilities pile up and you are unable to adapt to the changes.

- In true stress the source is identifiable.


3 Stages of Hyper-Stress

1. Alarm

2. Resistance
- oxytocin and estrogen or testosterone
- endorphins: block feelings of pain
- serotonin: turns pain into pleasure
- dopamine: makes you feel good
- endocannabinoids- small enough molecule to pass the blood/brain barrier.

3. Exhaustion: when you get to the point where there is no physical or emotional reserves left.



Overblown conflict: exaggerated reaction with an unimportant issue as the focal point.

Conflict proneness: focused on the conflict that is around them.

Contentment and joy: people that chase joy are rarely contempt, people who are contempt are almost always joyful.



1. Lifestyle
2. Environment


Bronzer T (2003) Prevalence of imprisonment in the U.S population, 1994-2001. Washington, DC. Bureau of Justice Statistics

1. All men: 1 in 9
2. White men: 1 in 17
3. Black men: 1 in 3
4. Latino men: 1 in 6
5. All women: 1 in 56
6. White women: 1 in 111
7. Black women: 1 in 18
8. Latina women: 1 in 45


Total corrections population

Total incarcerated (prison and jail); nearly 2.3 million

Probation population; nearly 4 million

Parole population; nearly 1 million

Black; white ratio 6:1


2013 Statistics

- 316 Million people in the United States (50.8% women)

White: 6.4% of the population; 39% of U.S incarcerated population; 450 per 100k (Incarceration rate)

Hispanic: 16% of the population; 19% of U.S incarcerated population; 831 per 100k (Incarceration rate)

Black: 13% of the population; 40% of U.S incarcerated population; 2306 per 100k (Incarceration rate)


How many people are locked up in the U.S?

Federal Prisons: Less than 10%

State Prisons: More than 50% of total incarceration

2/3 of people are sitting in jail waiting for court dates

34,000 Youth in adult facilities


State Disenfranchisement Laws

Only two states permit prisons to vote: Maine and Vermont

35 States: Parole (Do not allow you to vote)

31 States: Probation (Do not allow you to vote)

Four states deny the right to vote to all persons with felony convictions, even after they completed their sentences:
1. Virgina
2. Kentucky
3. Iowa
4. Florida

November election this year- currently 500,000 disenfranchised voters.


Intercultural staircase model

1. Unconscious competence :first level of intercultural staircase model; being hurtful without intending to

2. Conscious competence: second level of intercultural staircase model; being hurtful and intending it to be

3. Conscious incompetence: third level of intercultural staircase model; making an active effort not to be hurtful

4. Unconscious incompetence: fourth level of intercultural staircase model; not having to think about being hurtful and not being hurtful



Similar people stay in the same groups.



Avow- The identity you claim for yourself

Ascribe- The identity that other people attach to you: things people would say about who you are

Preverbal- Before, during and after our communication with them (what we think of people)


Deconstructing Fear

- Prejudice hinders thoughtful policing.

- Prejudice: Thought process (for or against people)

-Discrimination: Action part

-Racism: Prejudice of or for your own group; occurs on a personal or social level.


Cultural Contracts Theory

Ready to sign: I have my mind made up; not changing.

Quasi-completed contracts: I have made my mind up; but i am open to another conclusion.

Co-cheated: I see that differences exist; open to getting to know you.