Glasswares: Classifications and Types of Glass Flashcards Preview

Materials of Design and Decoration > Glasswares: Classifications and Types of Glass > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glasswares: Classifications and Types of Glass Deck (22)
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1

a hard, brittle, chemically inert substance produced by fusing silica together with a flux and a stabilizer into a mass that cools to a rigid condition without crystalization

Glass

2

most common commercial glass; primarily used for bottles, jars, everyday drinking glasses, and window glasses

Soda-Lime Glass

3

has a high refractive index and relatively soft surface, making it especially suited for decorating by grinding, cutting, and engraving

Lead Glass

4

same as lead glass, but containing less lead

Crystal Glass

5

composed mainly of silica and boric oxide with smaller amounts of the alkalis; for ovenware and other heat-resisting ware

Borosilicate Glass

6

used in diverse fields such as in chemistry, pharmacy, electronics, optics, apparatus and instrument, construction and lighting industries

Special Glass

7

refers to all glass products in a flat form, regardless of manufacturing method

Flat Glass

8

generally are consumer goods such as bottles, drinking glasses or glass lamps

Hollowware

9

fabricated by drawing the molten glass from a furnace (drawn glass), or by forming a cylinder, dividing it lengthwise, and flattening it (cylinder glass).

Sheet glass

10

formed by rolling molten glass into a plate that is subsequently ground and polished after cooling

Plate glass

11

manufactured by pouring molten glass onto a surface molten tin and allowing it to cool slowly

Float Glass

12

glass that is cooled slowly to relieve internal stresses

Annealed Glass

13

annealed glass that is reheated to just below hthe softening point and then rapidly cooled

Tempered Glass

14

consists of two or more piles of flat glass bonded under heat and pressure to interlayers of polyvinyl butyral resin that retains the fragments if the glass is broken

Laminated or Safety Glass

15

having a square or diamond wire mesh embedded within it to prevent shattering in the event of breakage or excessive heat

Wired Glass

16

has a linear or geometric surface pattern formed in the rolling process to diffuse light

Patterned Glass

17

has one or both sides acid-etched or sandblasted

Obscure Glass

18

an opaque glass for concealing the structural elements in curtain wall construction

Spandrel Glass

19

consisting of two or more sheets of glass separated by a hermetically sealed air space to provide thermal insulation

Insulating Glass

20

has a chemical admixture to absorb a portion of the radiant heat and visible light that strike it

Tinted or Heat-absorbing Glass

21

has a thin, translucent material coming to reflect a portion of the light and radiant heat that strikes it

Reflective glass

22

transmits visible light while selectively reflecting the longer wavelengths of radiant heat produced by depositing a low-e coating

Low-emission Glass