Flashcards in Globalisation - 1.9a Deck (15):
What is the UN population prediction by 2050
What is the problem of importing previously locally sourced food?
Consumers no longer know the footprint of the food- they lack perfect knowledge
How has higher incomes affected consumer patterns?
Increased production of meat, coffee, plastic
How much meat was produced in 2013?
308 million tonnes
What does localism try to achieve?
Achieves more locally produced and consumed goods, local control of the government, promotion of local history and local culture and local identity.
What is a transition town?
A community project that tries to tackle oil, climate change and economic instability by creating local groups.
What is industrial symbiosis?
When you match the waste of one industry to another.
What is the purpose of a transition town?
Ability to maintain normal patterns without causing environmental disturbance.
How do transition towns try to combat the risk of a global financial crisis affecting them?
They aim to create complementary currencies.
What is the cost of local sourcing for a consumer?
Goods can be very expensive especially for those on lower incomes.
What is the cost of local sourcing for a producer?
Less demand for imports, poorer countries suffer a lack of demand so economic development is hindered e.g. Ivory Coast
What is the cost of local sourcing for the environment?
Need to mimic conditions in a green house. Good has a larger carbon footprint compared to imported goods.
What is the benefit of local sourcing for a consumer?
Using organic methods can reduce pesticide usage which has health benefits.
What is the benefit of local sourcing for a producer?
UK farmers move up the value chain.