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Geography definitions > Globalisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Globalisation Deck (12):
1

Birth rate

The number of births per 1,000 people per year in a region, a measure of fertility (youthful populations have a much higher fertility than greying populations)

2

Death rate

The number of deaths per 1,000 people per year in a region, a measure of mortality

3

Economic migrant

A migrant whose primary motivation is to seek employment. Migrants who already have jobs may set off in search of better, more regular pay, promotion or a change of career

4

Internal migration

The movement of people between different regions within the same nation, e.g. rural to urban migration in response to differing levels of economic opportunity

5

Intervening obstacle

Barrier to a migrant, e.g. political border, physical feature, family pressures and travel costs

6

Intervening opportunity

An alternative migration destination that exists between the migrant's place of origin and intended destination

7

Natural increase

The difference between the birth rate and the death rate, usually converted into a percentage. A negative figure suggests deaths exceed births and may be described as 'natural decrease'

8

Structural adjustment programmes

Strict conditions imposed on countries recieving loans from the IMF and the World Bank. Recieving governments may be required to cut back on healthcare, education, sanitation and housing programmes

9

Elite

A group of people who are economically and socially powerful. Their money may be inherited or entrepreneurial in origin

10

Foreign direct investment

A financial injection made by a TNC into a nation's economy, either to build new facilities or to aquire or merge with an existing firm there

11

Rural-urban migration

A movement of population from rural to urban areas, typically of young people and often male-dominated

12

Globalisation

The many ways in which places and people are becoming ever more closely linked