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Flashcards in Global networks Deck (13):
1

Core

The mosdt developed and highly populated region of a country. The growth of core regions is fed by flows of labour from less well-developed regions

2

Switched-on places

Nations, regions or cities that are strongly connected to other places through the production and consumption of goods and services (poorly connected places are said to be relatively switched off

3

Wilderness

An area of the planet that has remained relatively untouched by human activity and is home to only small numbers of indigenous people, e.g. the Amazon rainforest

4

Shrinking world

The effect of distant places starting to feel closer and taking less time to reach due to technology

5

Cluster

A geographically concentrated group of connected industries and institutions, e.g. London (which has many television production companies and universities that deliver media courses)

6

Cumulative causation

A model that explains why wealth becomes concentrated in certain places. Globalisation increases the changes of this, as local people can find global markets for their products or attract employers with their skills

7

Export processing zone

A small industrial area, often on the coast, where favourable conditions (including low tax rates) are created to attract foreign TNCs.

8

Global hub

A settlement (or wider region) providing a focal point for activities that have a global influence (all megacities and world cities are global hubs)

9

Human resources

The abilities and potential of the human population in terms of their educational levels, their skills, the languages they speak and their capacity to innovate and invent

10

Multiplier effect

The positive spin-offs that follow an initial investment (e.g. a branch plant) in a region, e.g. other firms may gain business supplying parts

11

Natural resources

Materials found in the environment that humans have the technological ability and desire to use

12

Technopole

A cluster of technologically innovative businesses and research institutes, e.g. Silicon Valley in California

13

Trickle-down

The positive impacts on peripheral regions of the creation of wealth in core regions, including the roll-out of national services and regional aid