Flashcards in Glossary Deck (242)
The physiological process of being or becoming accustomed to a new physical environment.
One of the major industries of the Lower Paleolithic (the Old Stone Age). The technology generally associated with Homo erectus.
A status that results, at least in part, from a person's voluntary actions.
The process in which an organism makes a successful adjustment to a specific environment.
The relatively rapid evolution of a species in a new environmental niche.
The settling of legal disputes through a formal, centralized authority.
Photographs taken from the air of archaeological sites and the landscape. Helpful to archaeologists in mapping and locating sites.
Statuses defined by age through which a person moves in the course of his or her lifetime.
Corporate groups of people of about the same age who share specific rights, obligations, duties, and privileges in their community.
The unequal allocation of wealth, power, and prestige among people of different ages.
Commercialized, mechanized agriculture.
States in which the power of the ruling elite was vested in the control of agricultural surpluses. This type of control typifies early states.
The alternate forms of genes.
ambilineal descent group
A social kinship group formed by choosing to trace relationships through either a male or a female line.
Similarities in organisms that have no genetic relatedness.
anatomically modern Homo sapiens
The most recent form of human, distinguished by a unique anatomy that differs from that of earlier, archaic Homo sapiens.
The belief that the world is populated by spiritual beings such as ghosts, souls, and demons.
Collectors whose interest lies in the object itself, not in where the fossils might have come from or what the artifact and associated materials might tell about the people that produced them. Collectors of this kind characterized the early history of archaeology.
The systematic study of humankind.
A political, legal, and social system developed in South Africa in which the rights of different population groups were based on racial criteria.
The use of data gathered from the other subfields of anthropology to find practical solutions to problems in a society.
Living in trees.
The subfield of anthropology that focuses on the study of the artifacts from past societies to determine the lifestyles, history, and evolution of those societies.
Places of past human activity that are preserved in the ground.
A post-Pleistocene hunting-and-gathering adaptation in the Americas characterized by tools suitable for broad-spectrum collecting and more intensive exploitation of localized resources. Corresponds in terms of general trends with the Mesolithic of Europe.
archaic Homo sapiens
The earliest form of Homo sapiens, dating back more than 200,000 years.
The material products of past societies.
The process in which people select certain plants and animals for breeding.
A status that is attached to a person from birth— for example, sex, caste, and race.