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175.301 Community Psychology > Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary Deck (247)
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1

the process by which individuals become aware of the sociopolitical and psychological conditions that oppress disadvantaged people

conscientization

2

a movement guided by the philosophy of Social Darwinism, this movement asserted that certain groups of people were of inferior genetic stock and advocated restrictive immigration policies to keep some people (eg African Americans) out of the United States, as well as institutionalization and sterilization to prevent people with intellectual and mental health challenges from procreating

eugenics movement

3

social and emotional support that comes from one's informal network (e.g. family friends, spiritual advisors, mentors) rather than formal sources (i.e. professionals)

informal support

4

the scientific method as we understand it traditionally, including a focus on describing, explaining and predicting reality through objective research and hypothesis testing, which aims to discover natural laws

logical positivism/empiricism

5

collaborative research between professionals and disadvantaged community members towards the goals of knowledge creation and social change

participatory action research

6

in contrast to the 'expert' role of diagnostician or therapist, this is a role taken by the community psychologist to offer resources and collaborate with community groups

resource collaborator

7

a theory that emphasizes the role that social stress plays in the causation of psychological problems

social stress theory

8

an emphasis on the strengths and capacities of individuals and communities, rather than a focus on deficits

strengths orientation

9

holding individuals responsible for problems that they experience without acknowledging the role that various ecological contexts may play in contributing to such problems

victim blaming

10

the conscious decision of people who are privileged to share power and work with disadvantaged people towards their goals of liberation

commitment and depowerment

11

the interrelationships and connections of people and settings, including the concepts of sense of community, social support, community capacity and social capital

community

12

the community psychology approach to research that links understanding and action and strives to create participatory and collaborative relationships with community members

community science

13

lack of understanding or concern on the part of members of the dominant culture regarding their role and that of society in the oppression of disadvantaged groups

complacency

14

socially constructed stories about disadvantaged people, often of the victim-blaming variety that help members of dominant groups to rationalize their role in contributing to and perpetuating the oppression of disadvantaged people

dominant cultural narratives

15

a metaphor used in community pschology to understand the interrelationships of people with various eco-systems (from small systems to large social systems)

ecology

16

concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a small number of individuals and corporations at the expense of the majority of citizens and nations of the world and the natural environment

global capitalism

17

embracing and integrating people from diverse backgrounds into community

inclusion

18

freedom from oppressive life circumstances

liberation

19

a state of domination where the oppressed suffer the consequences of deprivation, exclusion, discrimination, exploitation, control of culture and sometimes even violence; while the sources of oppression are external, oppression can also be internalized into negative beliefs about oneself

oppression

20

a relational concept that emphasizes choice, control and the ability to influence

power and empowerment

21

a concept that emphasizes the promotion of well-being and competence and the prevention of psychosocial problems

prevention/promotion

22

the struggle of disadvantaged people to resist and overcome oppression

resistance

23

a tool used by community psychologists to shift the analysis of social problems from one of dominant victim- blaming narratives to alternative accounts that consider the sociopolitical context and power inequalities

reframing

24

a positive state of affairs that involves a transaction between individuals and supportive relationships and environments that results in meeting the needs of individuals

well-being

25

a belief in the importance of groups and communities that shapes attitudes and behaviours of citizens

collectivism

26

a school of thought that strives to restore citizens' responsibilities towards the collective as a means of advancing social well-being

communitarianism

27

the social, cultural, natural or bult envronments that surround our lives and affect our cognitions. emotions and behaviours

context

28

a school of thought that emphasizes the importance of taking into account context and the various parts of social or natural phenomena in trying to explain them or change them

holism

29

a belief in the importance and supremacy of individuals over groups or collectives

individualism

30

a school of thought that upholds the rights of the individual in society and espouses individual solutions to problems in life

liberalism