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NRS 130 Test #8 > Glossary All > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary All Deck (50):
1

Abrasion

A scraping or rubbing away of epidermis, which may result in localized bleeding and later weeping of serous fluid

2

Approximate

To come close together, as in the edges of a wound

3

Collagen

A substance that combines to form the white, glistening, inelastic fibers of tendons, ligaments, and fasciae

4

Culture

A lab test involving the cultivation of microorganisms or cells in a special growth medium

5

Debridement

The removal or damaged tissue, dirt, foreign objects, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing.

6

Dehiscence

The separation of a wound's edges, revealing underlying tissue

7

Ecchymosis

A bluish discoloration of an area of skin or mucous membrane caused by the extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue as a result of trauma to the underlying blood vessels or fragility of the vessel walls

8

Evisceration

The protrusion of visceral organs through a surgical wound

9

Exudate

The fluid, cells or other substances that have been slowly discharged from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell membranes

10

Fibrin

A protein product formed from the action of thrombin on fibrinogen in the clotting process

11

Fistula

An abnormal passage from an internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs

12

Granulation Tissue

The soft, pink, fleshy projections of tissue that form during the healing process in a wound that is not healing by primary intention

13

Hemostasis

The termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or by the coagulation process of the body

14

Hematoma

A collection of blood trapped int he tissues of the skin or an organ; results from trauma or incomplete coagulation

15

Hemorrhage

An external or internal loss of a large amount of blood in a short period of time

16

Laceration

A torn, jagged wound

17

Primary intention

Edges of a clean surgical incision remain close together. The wound heals quickly, and tissue loss is minimal or absent

18

Puncture wound

A wound made by piercing the skin

19

Purulent

Producing or containing pus

20

Sanguineous

A fluid containing red blood cells

21

Secondary Intention

Wounds that are left open and allowed to heal by scar formation are classified by secondary intention. There is tissue loss and open wound edges. Granulation tissue gradually fills in the area of defect. Typical of severe laceration or massive surgical intervention

22

Serosanguineous

Fluid that contains both serum and blood

23

Sutures

A surgical stitch applied to repair and incision or wound

24

Tertiary intentions

The wound healing that occurs when surgical wounds are not closed immediately, but left open 3 to 5 days to allow edema or infection to diminish

25

Serous

A clear (like plasma) fluid that forms an exudate at the site of an inflammation

26

Empathy

The ability to recognize and to some extent share the emotions and state of mind of another to understand the meaning and significance of that person's behavior

27

outpatient

A patient who has not been admitted to a hospital, but receives treatments in a clinic or facility associated with the hospital

28

Referral

The arrangements for services by another care provider

29

Montgomery Strap (Tie)

Is a wide strip of tape with holes and laces that is placed on each side of a wound and tied, thus securing gauze and dressings during repeated changes. This reduced tape related injuries. Page 946 Skills

30

Home Health Care

health care or patient's Home care, is supportive care provided in the home. Care may be provided by licensed healthcare professionals who provide medical care needs or by professional caregivers who provide daily care to help to ensure the Activities of daily living

31

Immediate Care Center

Is defined as the delivery of ambulatory medical care outside of a hospital emergency department on a walk-in basis without a scheduled appointment

32

Home Health care agency

An agency staffed and licensed to provide health services to patients in their own home

33

health care facility

A medical facility is, in general, any location at which medicine is practiced regularly. Medical facilities range from small clinics and doctor's offices to urgent care centers and large hospitals with elaborate emergency rooms and trauma centers.

34

disorientation

a wild delusion (especially one induced by a hallucinogenic drug)

35

continuity of care

Provision of care to children by consistent caregivers in consistent locations throughout the day and/or year to ensure a stable and nurturing environment.

36

Consumer

a person who purchases goods and services for personal use.

37

Interagency

taking place between different agencies

38

Separation anxiety

anxiety provoked in a young child by separation or the threat of separation from their mother.

39

Intraagency

Within an agency

40

Step-down unit

A hospital nursing unit providing care intermediate between that of an intensive care unit and a normally-staffed in-patient division.

41

retention suture

A heavy reinforcing suture placed deeply within the muscles and fasciae of the abdominal wall to relieve tension on the primary suture line and avoid postsurgical wound disruption. Also called tension suture.

42

Stab wound

stab wound is a specific form of penetrating trauma to the skin that results from a knife or a similar pointed object that is "deeper than it is wide". Most stabbings occur because of intentional violence or through self infliction

43

Closed wound

Is an injury (i.e. damage to some of the structure/s of the body) in which no blood escapes from the body.

44

Contusion

a region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise.

45

dressing

a piece of material placed on a wound to protect it

46

Edema

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissue

47

compress

soft pad or cloth used to apply heat, cold, or medications to the surface of a body part

48

Inflammation

protective response of body tissue to irritation or injury

49

Vasoconstriction

Narrowing of the lumen of any blood vessel, especially the arterioles and the veins in the blood reservoirs of the skin and abdominal viscera

50

Vasodilation

Increase in diameter of a blood vessel caused by inhibition of its vasoconstrictor nerves or simulation of dilator nerves