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NRS 130 Test #8 > Glossary All > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary All Deck (50)
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1
Q

Abrasion

A

A scraping or rubbing away of epidermis, which may result in localized bleeding and later weeping of serous fluid

2
Q

Approximate

A

To come close together, as in the edges of a wound

3
Q

Collagen

A

A substance that combines to form the white, glistening, inelastic fibers of tendons, ligaments, and fasciae

4
Q

Culture

A

A lab test involving the cultivation of microorganisms or cells in a special growth medium

5
Q

Debridement

A

The removal or damaged tissue, dirt, foreign objects, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing.

6
Q

Dehiscence

A

The separation of a wound’s edges, revealing underlying tissue

7
Q

Ecchymosis

A

A bluish discoloration of an area of skin or mucous membrane caused by the extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue as a result of trauma to the underlying blood vessels or fragility of the vessel walls

8
Q

Evisceration

A

The protrusion of visceral organs through a surgical wound

9
Q

Exudate

A

The fluid, cells or other substances that have been slowly discharged from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell membranes

10
Q

Fibrin

A

A protein product formed from the action of thrombin on fibrinogen in the clotting process

11
Q

Fistula

A

An abnormal passage from an internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs

12
Q

Granulation Tissue

A

The soft, pink, fleshy projections of tissue that form during the healing process in a wound that is not healing by primary intention

13
Q

Hemostasis

A

The termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or by the coagulation process of the body

14
Q

Hematoma

A

A collection of blood trapped int he tissues of the skin or an organ; results from trauma or incomplete coagulation

15
Q

Hemorrhage

A

An external or internal loss of a large amount of blood in a short period of time

16
Q

Laceration

A

A torn, jagged wound

17
Q

Primary intention

A

Edges of a clean surgical incision remain close together. The wound heals quickly, and tissue loss is minimal or absent

18
Q

Puncture wound

A

A wound made by piercing the skin

19
Q

Purulent

A

Producing or containing pus

20
Q

Sanguineous

A

A fluid containing red blood cells

21
Q

Secondary Intention

A

Wounds that are left open and allowed to heal by scar formation are classified by secondary intention. There is tissue loss and open wound edges. Granulation tissue gradually fills in the area of defect. Typical of severe laceration or massive surgical intervention

22
Q

Serosanguineous

A

Fluid that contains both serum and blood

23
Q

Sutures

A

A surgical stitch applied to repair and incision or wound

24
Q

Tertiary intentions

A

The wound healing that occurs when surgical wounds are not closed immediately, but left open 3 to 5 days to allow edema or infection to diminish

25
Q

Serous

A

A clear (like plasma) fluid that forms an exudate at the site of an inflammation

26
Q

Empathy

A

The ability to recognize and to some extent share the emotions and state of mind of another to understand the meaning and significance of that person’s behavior

27
Q

outpatient

A

A patient who has not been admitted to a hospital, but receives treatments in a clinic or facility associated with the hospital

28
Q

Referral

A

The arrangements for services by another care provider

29
Q

Montgomery Strap (Tie)

A

Is a wide strip of tape with holes and laces that is placed on each side of a wound and tied, thus securing gauze and dressings during repeated changes. This reduced tape related injuries. Page 946 Skills

30
Q

Home Health Care

A

health care or patient’s Home care, is supportive care provided in the home. Care may be provided by licensed healthcare professionals who provide medical care needs or by professional caregivers who provide daily care to help to ensure the Activities of daily living

31
Q

Immediate Care Center

A

Is defined as the delivery of ambulatory medical care outside of a hospital emergency department on a walk-in basis without a scheduled appointment

32
Q

Home Health care agency

A

An agency staffed and licensed to provide health services to patients in their own home

33
Q

health care facility

A

A medical facility is, in general, any location at which medicine is practiced regularly. Medical facilities range from small clinics and doctor’s offices to urgent care centers and large hospitals with elaborate emergency rooms and trauma centers.

34
Q

disorientation

A

a wild delusion (especially one induced by a hallucinogenic drug)

35
Q

continuity of care

A

Provision of care to children by consistent caregivers in consistent locations throughout the day and/or year to ensure a stable and nurturing environment.

36
Q

Consumer

A

a person who purchases goods and services for personal use.

37
Q

Interagency

A

taking place between different agencies

38
Q

Separation anxiety

A

anxiety provoked in a young child by separation or the threat of separation from their mother.

39
Q

Intraagency

A

Within an agency

40
Q

Step-down unit

A

A hospital nursing unit providing care intermediate between that of an intensive care unit and a normally-staffed in-patient division.

41
Q

retention suture

A

A heavy reinforcing suture placed deeply within the muscles and fasciae of the abdominal wall to relieve tension on the primary suture line and avoid postsurgical wound disruption. Also called tension suture.

42
Q

Stab wound

A

stab wound is a specific form of penetrating trauma to the skin that results from a knife or a similar pointed object that is “deeper than it is wide”. Most stabbings occur because of intentional violence or through self infliction

43
Q

Closed wound

A

Is an injury (i.e. damage to some of the structure/s of the body) in which no blood escapes from the body.

44
Q

Contusion

A

a region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise.

45
Q

dressing

A

a piece of material placed on a wound to protect it

46
Q

Edema

A

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissue

47
Q

compress

A

soft pad or cloth used to apply heat, cold, or medications to the surface of a body part

48
Q

Inflammation

A

protective response of body tissue to irritation or injury

49
Q

Vasoconstriction

A

Narrowing of the lumen of any blood vessel, especially the arterioles and the veins in the blood reservoirs of the skin and abdominal viscera

50
Q

Vasodilation

A

Increase in diameter of a blood vessel caused by inhibition of its vasoconstrictor nerves or simulation of dilator nerves