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Flashcards in Glutes Deck (30)
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1

List the superficial gluteal muscles

Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Tensor fasciae latae

2

What is the origin + insertion of gluteus maximus?

Iliac crest/sacrum
Gluteal tuberosity of femur/iliotibial tract

3

What is the nerve + arterial supply to gluteus maximus?

Inferior gluteal nerve
Superior + inferior gluteal arteries

4

Which movements does gluteus maximus enable?

Hip: external rotation, abduction, extension

5

What is the origin + insertion of gluteus medius?

Posterior ilium (beneath maximus)
Greater trochanter of femur

6

What is the nerve + arterial supply to gluteus medius?

Superior gluteal nerve
Superior gluteal artery

7

Which movements does gluteus medius enable?

Hip: abduction
Thigh: medial rotation

8

What is the origin + insertion of gluteus minimus?

Between anterior + inferior gluteal line (beneath medius)
Greater trochanter of femur

9

What is the nerve + arterial supply to gluteus minimus?

Superior gluteal nerve
Superior gluteal artery

10

Which movements does gluteus minimus enable?

Hip: abduction
Thigh: medial rotation

11

What is the origin + insertion of tensor fasciae latae?

Iliac crest/ASIS
Iliotibial tract

12

What is the nerve + arterial supply to tensor fasciae latae?

Superior gluteal nerve
Lateral circumflex femoral artery
Superior gluteal artery

13

Which movements does tensor fasciae latae enable?

Hip: flexion, medial rotation, abduction
Knee: lateral rotation

14

What is the main nerve supply to the superficial gluteal muscles?

Superior gluteal nerve
(except gluteus maximus, which has inferior gluteal nerve)

15

List the deep gluteal muscles

Piriformis
Superior gemellus
Inferior gemellus
Obturator internus
Quadratus femoris

16

What is the origin + insertion of piriformis?

Sacrum
Greater trochanter of femur

17

What is the nerve + arterial supply to piriformis?

Nerve to piriformis
Inferior + superior gluteal artery
Lateral sacral artery

18

Which movements does piriformis enable?

Thigh: external rotation

19

What is the origin + insertion of superior gemellus?

Ischial spine
Greater trochanter of femur

20

What is the nerve + arterial supply to superior gemellus?

Nerve to obturator internus
Inferior gluteal artery

21

Which movements does superior gemellus enable?

Thigh: lateral rotation

22

What is the origin + insertion of inferior gemellus?

Ischial tuberosity
Greater trochanter of femur

23

What is the nerve + arterial supply to inferior gemellus?

Nerve to quadratus femoris
Inferior gluteal artery

24

Which movements does inferior gemellus enable?

Thigh: lateral rotation

25

What is the origin + insertion of obturator internus?

Obturator membrane (obturator foramen)
Greater trochanter of femur

26

What is the nerve + arterial supply to obturator internus?

Nerve to obturator internus
Inferior gluteal artery

27

Which movements does obturator internus enable?

Hip: abduction, lateral rotation
Thigh: abduction

28

What is the origin + insertion of quadratus femoris?

Ischial tuberosity
Intertrochanteric crest

29

What is the nerve + arterial supply to quadratus femoris?

Nerve to quadratus femoris
Inferior gluteal artery

30

Which movements does quadratus femoris enable?

Thigh: lateral rotation, adduction