Thigh Flashcards Preview

2MB MSK Anatomy > Thigh > Flashcards

Flashcards in Thigh Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

List the anterior muscles of the thigh

Sartorius
Iliopsoas
Pectineus
Quadriceps femoris

2

What is the origin and insertion of sartorius?

ASIS of pelvic bone
Anteromedial surface of superior tibia

3

What is the nerve + arterial supply to sartorius?

Femoral nerve
Femoral artery

4

What movements does sartorius enable?

Hip: flexion, abduction, lateral rotation
Knee: flexion

5

Which 2 muscles make up the iliopsoas muscle?

Iliacus
Psoas major

6

What is the origin and insertion of iliacus?

Iliac fossa
Lesser trochanter of femur

7

What is the origin and insertion of psoas major?

Lumbar spine (transverse processes)
Lesser trochanter of femur

8

What is the nerve + arterial supply to iliopsoas?

Femoral nerve
Medial femoral circumflex artery

9

Which movements does iliopsoas enable?

Hip: flexion

10

What is the origin and insertion of pectineus?

Pectineal line of pubic bone
Pectineal line of femur

11

What is the nerve + arterial supply to pectineus?

Femoral nerve
Obturator artery

12

Which movements does pectineus enable?

Thigh: flexion, adduction

13

Which 4 muscles make up the quadriceps femoris muscle?

Rectus femoris
Vastus intermedius
Vastus medius
Vastus lateralis

14

What is the origin and insertion of quadriceps femoris?

Shaft of femur
Patella

15

What is the nerve + arterial supply to quadriceps femoris?

Femoral nerve
Femoral artery

16

Which movements does quadriceps femoris enable?

Knee: extension
Hip: flexion

17

What is the main nerve supply to the anterior thigh muscles?

Femoral nerve (L2-L4)

18

List the medial muscles of the thigh

Adductor longus
Adductor brevis
Adductor magnus
Obturator externus
Gracilis

19

What is the origin and insertion of adductor longus?

Pubic body
Linea aspera of femur

20

What is the nerve + arterial supply to adductor longus?

Obturator nerve
Deep femoral artery

21

Which movements does adductor longus enable?

Hip: adduction, flexion

22

What is the origin and insertion of adductor brevis?

Pubic body
Linea aspera of femur

23

What is the nerve + arterial supply to adductor brevis?

Obturator nerve
Deep femoral artery

24

Which movements does adductor brevis enable?

Hip: adduction

25

What is the origin and insertion of adductor magnus?

Ischiopubic ramus
Linea aspera of femur/adductor tubercle of femur

26

What is the nerve + arterial supply to adductor magnus?

Obturator nerve
Tibial nerve (hamstring part)
Deep femoral artery

27

Which movements does adductor magnus enable?

Hip: adduction, flexion, extension

28

What is the origin and insertion of obturator externus?

Obturator foramen
Trochanteric fossa of femur

29

What is the nerve + arterial supply to obturator externus?

Obturator nerve
Obturator artery

30

Which movements does obturator externus enable?

Thigh: adduction, lateral rotation