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Gov test (April 16) > gov > Flashcards

Flashcards in gov Deck (42)
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1
Q

What is the Government supposed to do?

A

Acts for the benefits of the citizens.
Has a balanced power system and good defense
Punishes bad behavior and encourages good behavior
depends on ideas of good/just/right

2
Q

How should we act in relation to government

A

Submit to government
Participate when possible
As Christians, pray for government

3
Q

Thomas Hobbes: Sovereignty

A

Power entrusted to a ruler who is powerful enough to keep his subjects from killing each other

4
Q

Thomas hobbes: Legacy

A

Government is defined as an institution with a monopoly on legitimate use of force

5
Q

TH: Police power

A

Governments authority to maintain order and safety

6
Q

John Locke:

A

(1) Governments exist to protect the basic rights of individuals (life, liberty, property)
(2) Governments that don’t do this are illegitimate and can be replaced

7
Q

John Locke Legacy

A

Liberalism: Government exist to protect freedoms of individuals
Constitutionalism: Governments and rulers are bound by a basic law

8
Q

Dictatorship

A

Government rules without the consent or input from the governed

9
Q

Totalitarianism

A

The Government seeks to control every aspect of life

10
Q

Popular Government

A

The governed participate in the government

11
Q

Direct Democracy

A

Voters are directly involved in every decision

12
Q

indirect democracy

A

voters choose representatives to make laws and run the government

13
Q

Unitary

A

Power is centralized

14
Q

Federal

A

Division of powers among central, local, and state government

15
Q

Confedrate

A

Weak central government, strong state governments

16
Q

Opportunity

A

People must believe that democracy offers them the best chance at social and economic advancement as well security

17
Q

Education

A

People must be trained in how democratic governments works at how to participate intelligently

18
Q

responsibility

A

people must be willing to live with the consequences of their choices

19
Q

Majority Rule

A

The side with the biggest number of votes gets to make decisions that are binding on everyone

20
Q

popular majority

A

Of all citizens/voters

21
Q

Representative majority

A

of elected representatives

22
Q

Pluralism

A

differing opinions and political parties exist freely and are allowed to compete for popular supports

23
Q

Equality

A

Law treats everyone the same

24
Q

Compromise

A

Everyone gets some of what they want rather than nothing and another group getting everything they want

25
Q

Problems with the articles of confederation

A

1: Congress could make laws, but had little money/power to enforve them
2: Congress was controlled by and was dependent on state governments

26
Q

Popular Sovereignity

A

Government power is from the people

27
Q

Limited Government

A

Government powers are restricted by law

28
Q

Separation of powers

A

Avoids concentration/abuse of government powers in one branch

29
Q

Checks and balances

A

Each branch works to prevent overreach by other branches

30
Q

federalism

A

Separation of powers between national and local government

31
Q

Legislative Power

A

The power to make laws

32
Q

LOOK AT OTHER FLASH CARDS

A

:)

33
Q

1st amendment

A

Congress cant make laws that limit..
Religion: “Wall of separation between the church and state” comes from jeffersons letter to baptiste
Free Speech: Federal courts have ruled this doesnt protect slander (verbal defamation) libel (defamation in wiritng) endangering public safety but these are still broad protections compared to other countries

34
Q

4th amendment

A

No unreasonable searches or seizures

Searches/seizures require court-issued warrant based on probable cause

35
Q

5th amendment

A

Captial and other serious crimes usually involve indictment by a grand jury before trial
No double-jeopardy
No compulsion to testify against self
No deprivation of life/liberty/ property without due process

36
Q

10th amendment

A

Powers not given to the federal government by the constitution belong to the states or the people
Except if constitution says they can’t have such powers
Incorporation:some constitution restrictions now apply to states and the federal government

37
Q

Birthright Citizenship

A

included in the 14th amendment (1868) and states that everyone born in the US is a US citizen

38
Q

Equal protection clause

A

included in the 14th amendment (1868) and states that everyone has the same protections under law no matter what may differentiate them

39
Q

Protection of Voting right

A

included in 15th amendment and states that a citizens right to vote cannot be denied or abridged on account of race, color, or having been a slave

40
Q

Goals

A

Govern the increasingly complex society

41
Q

17th amendment

A

direct election of the US senators

42
Q

24th amendment

A

No poll taxes- used by southern states to prevent poor (black) people from voting