Grade 12 Material Flashcards Preview

Mandarin Vocabulary > Grade 12 Material > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grade 12 Material Deck (372):
1

全称

Quán chēng
Full name(称 means call;weigh)

2

中华人民共和国

Zhōng huá rén mín gòng hé guó
The People's Republic of China(华 means splendour;China)

3

面积

Miàn jī
Area(积 means accumulate)

4

平方

Píng fāng
Square

5

超过

Chāo guò
Exceed;Surpass

6

亿


A hundred million

7

民族

Mín zú
Nationality;Ethnic group(族 means race;nationality)

8

少数民族

Shǎo shù mín zú
Minority nationality

9

Zhàn
Occupy;Account for

10

划分

Huà fēn
Divide(划 means differentiate;plan)

11

自治区

Zì zhì qū
Autonomous region

12

直辖市

Zhí xiá shì
Municipality directly under the Central Government(辖 means have jurisdiction over;govern)

13

行政区

Xíng zhèng qū
Administrative area

14

分别

Fēn bié
Respectively

15

中心

Zhōng xīn
Centre

16

工业

Gōng yè
Industry

17

金融

Jīn róng
Finance;Banking(融 means melt;circulation)

18

沿海

Yán hǎi
Coastal(沿 means along)

19

岛屿

Dǎo yǔ
Islands(岛 means island)(屿 means small island;islet)

20

西藏

Xī zàng
Tibet

21

新疆

Xīn jiāng
Xinjiang

22

广西

Guǎng xī
Guangxi

23

内蒙古

Nèi méng gǔ
Inner Mongolia

24

宁夏

Níng xià
Ningxia

25

天津

Tiān jīn
Tianjin

26

重庆

Chóng qìng
Chongqing

27

海南岛

Hǎi nán dǎo
Hainan Island

28

Jiàn
Arrow

29

Xùn
Instruct

30

南朝

Nán cháo
Southern Dynasties(420-589)

31

时期

Shí qí
Period

32

首领

Shǒu lǐng
Leader;Head

33

Duàn
Break;Snap

34

Rēng
Throw;Toss;Cast

35

Duàn
Section;Part

36

剩下

Shèng xià
Be left(over)(剩 means surplus)

37

无论

Wú lùn
No matter what;Regardless(论 means discuss;opinion;theory)

38

用力

Yòng lì
Use one's strength

39

可见

Kě jiàn
It is thus clear;It shows

40

强大

Qiáng dà
Big and powerful(强 means strong;powerful)

41

官方

Guān fāng
Of the government;Official(官 organ,part of the body;official)

42

联合国

Lián hé guó
United Nations(联 means unite)

43

通用

Tōng yòng
In common use;General

44

之一

Zhī yī
One of

45

目前

Mù qián
Present;Current

46

简体字

Jiǎn tǐ zì
Simplified Chinese character(简 means simple;simplify)

47

仍然

Réng rán
Still;Yet(扔 means remain;still)

48

繁体字

Fán tǐ zì
Original complex form of a simplified Chinese character(繁 means numerous;multiply)

49

总数

Zǒng shù
Total

50

将近

Jiāng jìn
Close to;Almost(将 means be going to;will)

51

常用

Cháng yòng
In common use

52

几乎

Jī hū
Almost

53

表达

Biǎo dá
Express(达 means reach;extend;express)

54

由...组成

Yóu...zǔ chéng
Be composed of(由 means cause by;through;via)

55

组成

Zǔ chéng
Make up;Compose(组 means form;group)

56

表示

Biǎo shì
Show;Indicate(示 means show)

57

例如

Lì rú
For example(例 means example)

58

读音

Dú yīn
Pronunciation

59

拼音

Pīn yīn
Pinyin(拼 means piece together)

60

声调

Shēng diào
Tone;Note(调 means accent)

61

同音词

Tóng yīn cí
Homophone

62

正确

Zhèng què
Correct;Right(确 means true;authentic)

63

发音

Fā yīn
Pronounce;Pronunciation

64

语法

Yǔ fǎ
Grammar

65

大意

Dà yì
Main point;General idea

66

Gǎn
Courageous;Daring;Be sure

67

Pài
Send;Dispatch

68

问题

Wèn tí
Question;Problem(题 means topic;subject;title;problem)

69

满不在乎

Mǎn bù zài hu
Not worry at all;Not care in the least(满 means full;packed)

70

胡子

Hú zi
Moustache or whiskers;Beard

71

毛驴

Máo lǘ
Donkey

72

相信

Xiāng xìn
Believe

73

阿凡提

Ā fán tí
Effendi

74

花样繁多

Huā yàng fán duō
Of all shapes and colours

75

味道

Wèi dao
Flavour;Taste

76

口味

Kǒu wèi
A person's taste

77

鲜美

Xiān měi
Tasty;Delicious

78

由于

Yóu yú
Owing to;Due to

79

因此

Yīn cǐ
So;For this reason(此 means owing to;due to)

80

特色

Tè sè
Characteristic;Distinguishing feature

81

简单

Jiǎn dān
Simple

82

一带

Yí dài
Surrounding area

83

清淡

Qīng dàn
Light;Not greasy or strongly flavoured

84

地区

Dì qū
Area;District;Region

85

少不了

Shào bu liǎo
Cannot do without(了 means can;end)

86

面食

Miàn shí
Pasta;Food from wheat flour

87

面粉

Miàn fěn
Flour(粉 means powder;pink)

88

大饼

Dà bǐng
A kind of large flatbread

89

离(不)开

Lí(bu)kāi
Leave(Cannot do without)

90

Jiān
Fry in shallow oil

91

Zhēng
Steam

92

Zhǔ
Boil;Cook

93

事先

Shì xiān
In advance;Beforehand

94

Zhǔn
Allow;Accurate

95

Qiè
Cut

96

讲究

Jiǎng jiu
Be particular about;Strive for(究 means study carefully)

97

Jiǎng
Speak;Say;Tell

98

Shú/Shóu
Ripe; Cooked

99

豆制品

Dòu zhì pǐn
Bean products(制 means work out;control;system)

100

习惯

Xí guàn
Be accustomed to(惯 means be used to)

101

Lán
Orchid

102

从军

Cóng jūn
Join the army(军 means armed forces;army)

103

能干

Néng gàn
Capable;Able

104

年纪

Nián jì
Age(纪 means record;age;period)

105

边疆

Biān jiāng
Border area;Frontier(疆 means boundary;border)

106

打仗

Dǎ zhàng
Fight;Go to war(仗 means battle;war)

107

士兵

Shì bīng
Soldier(兵 means weapons;army)

108

当兵

Dāng bīng
Be a soldier;Serve in the military

109

想来想去

Xiǎng lái xiǎng qù
Give sth a great deal of thought

110

女扮男装

Nǚ bàn nán zhuāng
A woman disguised as a man

111


Take the place of

112

转眼

Zhuǎn yǎn
In an instant

113

立功

Lì gōng
Win honour;Render outstanding service

114

将军

Jiāng jūn
General(position in army)

115

Péi
Accompany

116

简直

Jiǎn zhí
Simply

117

木兰

Mù lán
Mulan

118

京九线

Jīng jiǔ xiàn
Beijing-Kowloon Railway(线 means thread;string;route;line)

119

直通车

Zhí tōng chē
Through train

120

软卧

Ruǎn wò
Sleeping carriage with soft berths(软 means soft;flexible)

121

餐车

Cān chē
Dining car

122

到达

Dào dá
Arrive;Reach

123

回程

Huí chéng
Return trip

124

Chéng
Ride;Multiply

125

班机

Bān jī
Airliner;Regular air service

126

国际

Guó jì
Inter national

127

代办

Dài bàn
Do sth for sb

128

Qiān
Sign;Autograph

129

签证

Qiān zhèng
Visa

130

通行证

Tōng xíng zhèng
Pass;Permit

131

收费

Shōu fèi
Collect fees;Charge

132

星级

Xīng jí
Star(used in the ranking of hotels)

133

住宿

Zhù sù
Stay;Get accommodation(宿 means lodge for the night)

134

旅游

Lǚ yóu
Tour;Tourism

135

景点

Jǐng diǎn
Scenic spots(景 means view;scenery)

136

逛街

Guàng jiē
Roam the streets(逛 means stroll;roam)

137

购物

Gòu wù
Shopping(购 means buy)

138

报名

Bào míng
Sign up

139

以下

Yǐ xià
Below

140

对话

Duì huà
Conversation

141

和尚

Hé shang
Buddhist monk(尚 means esteem;still;yet)

142

山坡

Shān pō
Hillside

143

Guō
Pot;Pan;Cauldron

144

水桶

Shuǐ tǒng
Bucket(桶 means bucket)

145

Tiāo
Choose;Carry on the shoulder with a pole

146

要求

Yāo qiú
Ask;Demand;Require

147

答应

Dā ying
Answer;Agree

148

Kěn
Agree;Be willing to

149

吵架

Chǎo jià
Quarrel

150

Tái
Lift;Raise;Carry

151

起火

Qǐ huǒ
(Of fire) breakout

152

Jiù
Rescue;Save

153

合作

Hé zuò
Work together

154

扑灭

Pū miè
Put out(扑 means throw oneself on or at)(灭 means (of a light, fire, etc.) go out)

155

进一步

Jìn yí bù
Further

156

了解

Liǎo jiě
Understand;Find out(解 means explain;interpret)

157

风土人情

Fēng tǔ rén qíng
Local customs(情 means feeling)

158

费用

Fèi yòng
Expense

159

食宿

Shí sù
Board and lodging

160

入场

Rù chǎng
Admission(入 means enter)

161

安排

Ān pái
Arrange

162

剪纸

Jiǎn zhǐ
Paper-cut (剪 means scissors;cut w/scissors)

163

书法

Shū fǎ
Calligraphy

164

武术

Wǔ shù
Martial art(武 means military)

165

太极拳

Tài jí quán
Taichi(拳 means fist)

166

名胜古迹

Míng shèng gǔ jì
Scenic spots and historical sites (迹 means mark; trace)

167

颐和园

Yí hé yuán
Summer Palace

168

天坛

Tiān tán
Temple of Heaven

169

备注

Bèi zhù
Remarks

170

访问

Fǎng wèn
Visit;Interview(访 means visit)

171

当地

Dāng dì
Local

172

留学生

Liú xué shēng
Student studying abroad(留 means remain;stay;leave behind)

173

空调

Kōng tiáo
Air-conditioner (调 means adjust)

174

必须

Bì xū
Necessary;Essential;Must;Have to(必 means must;have to)(须 means must;have to)

175

组织

Zǔ zhī
Organize(织 means weave;knit)

176

大概

Dà gài
General idea;Probably(概 means general idea)

177

导游

Dǎo yóu
Tourist guide(导 means lead;guide)

178

品尝

Pǐn cháng
Taste;Sample

179

风味

Fēng wèi
Special flavour

180

当然

Dāng rán
Certainly;Of course

181

愚人

Yú rén
Fool

182

纸样

Zhǐ yàng
Paper pattern(for tailoring)

183

赶集

Gǎn jí
Go to a fair

184

部分

Bù fen
Part;Section

185

大部分

Dà bù fen
Majority;Most parts

186

料子

Liào zi
Material (料 means material)

187

Wàng
Forget

188

连忙

Lián máng
Quickly

189

可惜

Kě xī
It is a pity (惜 means have pity on)

190

Sàn
Come loose;Fall apart

191

是否

Shì fǒu
Whether or not(否 means no;deny)

192

为何

Wèi hé
Why(何 means what;which;how;why)

193

Biàn
All over;Verbal measure word

194

著名

Zhù míng
Famous(著 means write;book)

195

大英博物馆

Dà yīng bó wù guǎn
Great British Museum(博 means abundant;knowledgeable;gamble)

196

大厦

Dà shà
Large buildings;Mansions(厦 means a tall building)

197

国会大厦

Guó huì dà shà
House of Parliament

198


Tower

199

塔桥

Tǎ qiáo
Tower bridge

200

首相

Shǒu xiàng
Prime minister

201


Government office;Official residence

202

繁华

Fán huá
Flourishing;Bustling

203

大都市

Dà dū shì
Metropolis

204

提起

Tí qǐ
Mention

205

自然

Zì rán
Natural;Nature

206

闻名

Wén míng
Famous(闻 means hear;smell;famous)

207

巴黎圣母院

Bā lí shèng mǔ yuàn
Notre Dame(圣 means holy;sacred)

208

购买

Gòu mǎi
Buy

209

饰物

Shì wù
Articles for personal adornment (饰 means decorations)

210

娱乐

Yú lè
Entertainment(娱 means amuse)

211

观光

Guān guāng
Go sight-seeing

212

游客

Yóu kè
Tourist

213

Chù
Place

214

中央

Zhōng yāng
Centre(央 means centre)

215

自由

Zì yóu
Freedom

216

女神

Nǚ shén
Goddess

217

自由女神像

Zì yóu nǚ shén xiàng
Statue of Liberty

218

非凡

Fēi fán
Extraordinary(凡 means ordinary)

219

现代

Xiàn dài
Modern times

220

现代化

Xiàn dài huà
Modernize;Modernization

221

电子

Diàn zǐ
Electronics

222

电子游戏

Diàn zǐ yóu xì
Video game

223

大笨钟

Dà bèn zhōng
Big Ben

224

白金汉宫

Bái jīn hàn gōng
Buckingham Palace

225

阿菲尔铁塔

Ā fēi ěr tiě tǎ
Eiffel Tower

226

罗浮宫

Luó fú gōng
The Louvre

227

时代广场

Shí dài guǎng chǎng
Times Square

228

伦敦

Lún dūn
London

229

牛津

Niú jīn
Oxford

230

巴黎

Bā lí
Paris

231

纽约

Niǔ yuē
New York

232

塞北

Sài běi
Beyond the Great Wall(塞 means a place of strategic importance)

233

Wēng
Old man

234

Shī
Lose

235


Single;Measure word

236

村民

Cūn mín
Villager

237

安慰

Ān wèi
Comfort(慰 means comfort)

238

好事

Hǎo shì
Good thing

239

祸根

Huò gēn
The root of the trouble(祸 means misfortune;disaster)

240

Shuāi
Fall;Tumble

241

坏事

Huài shì
Ruin sth;Bad thing

242

不出所料

Bù chū suǒ liào
As expected

243

性命

Xìng mìng
Life(of a man or animal)

244

家谱

Jiā pǔ
Family tree(谱 means a record for easy reference)

245

称呼

Chēng hu
Call;Address(称 means breathe out;call)

246

复杂

Fù zá
Complicated

247

管...叫...

Guǎn... jiào...
Call

248

祖父

Zǔ fù
Paternal grandfather(祖 means grandfather;ancestor)

249

祖母

Zǔ mǔ
Paternal grandmother

250

外祖母

Wài zǔ mǔ
Maternal grandmother

251

外祖父

Wài zǔ fù
Maternal grandfather

252

伯父

Bó fù
Father's elder brother(伯 means father's elder brother)

253

伯母

Bó mǔ
Wife of father's elder brother

254

婶婶

Shěn shen
Wife of father's younger brother

255

叔叔

Shū shu
Father's younger brother;Uncle

256

姑姑

Gū gu
Father's (unmarried) sister(姑 means father's sister;husband's sister)

257

姑妈

Gū mā
Father's (married) sister

258

姑父

Gū fu
Husband of father's sister

259

结婚

Jié hūn
Get married;Be married(结 means wed;marry)

260

姥爷

Lǎo ye
Maternal grandfather

261

姥姥

Lǎo lao
Maternal grandmother

262

外公

Wài gōng
Maternal grandfather

263

外婆

Wài pó
Maternal grandmother(婆 means an old woman)

264

舅舅

Jiù jiu
Mother's brother

265

舅妈

Jiù mā
Wife of mother's brother

266

阿姨

Ā yí
Mother's (unmarried) sister;Aunt(姨 means mother's sister;aunt)

267

Ā
Prefix used before a kinship term

268

姨妈

Yí mā
Mother's (married) sister

269

姨夫

Yí fu
Husband of mother's sister

270

堂兄/弟/姐/妹

Táng xiōng/dì/jiě/mèi
Cousins with the same surname

271

表兄/弟/姐/妹

Biǎo xiōng/dì/jiě/mèi
Cousins with different surname

272

孙子

Sūn zi
Grandson(孙 means grandson;surname)

273

孙女

Sūn nǚ
Granddaugther

274

外孙

Wài sūn
Daughter's son

275

外孙女

Wài sūn nǚ
Daughter's daughter

276

那么

Nà me
In that way

277


Move

278


Blockup

279

出路

Chū lù
Way out

280

大家

Dà jiā
Everybody

281

Shǎ
Stupid

282

弯路

Wān lù
Crooked road(弯 means curved;bend)

283

开山

Kāi shān
Cut into a mountain

284

石块

Shí kuài
Piece of stone

285

泥土

Ní tǔ
Soil(泥 means mud)

286

不可开交

Bù kě kāi jiāo
Be terribly busy

287

老汉

Lǎo hàn
Old man

288

Zhì
Wisdom;Intelligence

289

Sǒu
Old man

290

精明

Jīng míng
Smart;Shrewd(精 means smart;skilled)

291

辛苦

Xīn kǔ
Hard;Laborious(辛 means hard;suffering)(苦 means bitter;hardship)

292

愚公

Yú gōng
Foolish Old Man

293

智叟

Zhì sǒu
Wise Old Man

294

宠物

Chǒng wù
Pet(宠 means bestow favour on)

295

Shǔ
Category;Be born in the year of

296

老鼠

Lǎo shǔ
Mouse;Rat(鼠 means mouse;rat)

297

生肖

Shēng xiào
Any of the 12 symbolic animals associated with a 12-year cycle, often used to denote the year of a person's birth (肖 means resemble;be like)

298

猴子

Hóu zi
Monkey

299

兔子

Tù zǐ
Rabbit

300

麻烦

Má fan
Troublesome(麻 means tingling;numb;linen)(烦 means be annoyed)

301

Zāng
Dirty

302

不准

Bù zhǔn
Not allow

303

亲戚

Qīn qi
Relative(戚 means relative)

304

出世

Chū shì
Be born

305

连...也...

Lián... yě...
Even

306


Measure word

307

可怜

Kě lián
Pitiful(怜 means pity)

308

可怜相

Kě lián xiàng
A pitiable look

309

起名

Qǐ míng
Give a name

310

定时

Dìng shí
At a fixed time

311

Wèi
Feed

312

散步

Sàn bù
Take a walk

313

既...又...

Jì... yòu...
Both...and;As well as(既 means since;now that)

314

活泼

Huó po
Lively

315

忠实

Zhōng shí
Loyal;Faithful(忠 means loyal;honest)

316

体会

Tǐ huì
Know from experience

317

好处

Hǎo chù
Advantage;Benefit

318

坏处

Huài chu
Disadvantage;Harm

319

Guō
Surname

320

Láng
Wolf

321

善良

Shàn liáng
Kind-hearted (善 means kind;friendly)(良 means good;fine)

322

读书

Dú shū
Read a book;Study

323

Bēi
Carry on the back

324

袋子

Dài zi
Sack;Bag(袋 means bag;sack;pocket;pouch)

325

口袋

Kǒu dài
Bag;Sack

326

猎人

Liè rén
Hunter

327

Cáng
Hide;Store

328

农夫

Nóng fū
Farmer;Peasant

329

反而

Fǎn ér
On the contrary(反 means in an opposite direction;inside out)

330

差点儿

Chà diǎnr
Almost;Nearly

331

Mēn
Stuffy; Silent

332

东郭先生

Dōng guō xiān shēng
Mr. Dongguo

333

梦见

Mèng jiàn
See in a dream

334

高龄

Gāo líng
Advanced age(of people over sixty)

335

身材

Shēn cái
Figure;Build(材 means timber;material;ability)

336

清秀

Qīng xiù
Pretty and graceful(秀 means elegant;beautiful)

337

识字

Shí zì
Learn to read;Become literate

338

事情

Shì qing
Affair;Matter

339

一年到头

Yī nián dào tóu
Throughout the year

340

Kào
Lean against the wall;Get near;Depend on

341

赚钱

Zhuàn qián
Make money(赚 means make a profit;earn)

342

个性

Gè xìng
Personality

343

独立

Dú lì
Independent(独 means single;alone;only)

344

脾气

Pí qi
Temper(脾 means spleen)

345

耐心

Nài xīn
Patience(耐 means be able to endure)

346

发火

Fā huǒ
Catch fire;Get angry

347

也许

Yě xǔ
Probably;Maybe

348

原因

Yuán yīn
Reason

349

一手

Yì shǒu
Single handed;All alone

350

印象

Yìn xiàng
Impression

351

心地

Xīn dì
Mind;Nature

352

乐于

Lè yú
Be happy to;Be ready to

353

在世

Zài shì
Be living

354

诚实

Chéng shí
Honest(诚 means sincere;honest)

355

做人

Zuò rén
Behave;Get along with people

356

成长

Chéng zhǎng
Grow up

357

影响

Yǐng xiǎng
Influence(响 means echo;sound;loud;noise)

358

优点

Yōu diǎn
Merit;Strong point(优 means good;excellent)

359

缺点

Quē diǎn
Short coming;Weakness(缺 means be short;imperfect;vacancy)

360

做事

Zuò shì
Handle affairs;Act

361

手脚

Shǒu jiǎo
Movement of limbs

362

马虎

Mǎ hu
Careless;Casual

363

性格

Xìng gé
Nature;Character

364

狐狸

Hú li
Fox(狐 means fox)(狸 means raccoon dog)

365

天帝

Tiān dì
God of Heaven(supreme god in Chinese legend)

366

Wēi
Mighty force

367

森林

Sēn lín
Forest(森 means trees growing thickly)(林 means forest;woods;grove)

368

Zhuō
Hold firmly;Grab;Grasp

369

百兽之王

Bǎi shòu zhī wáng
King of all animals(兽 means beast;animal)

370

Quān
Circle;Hoop;Ring

371

野兽

Yě shòu
Wild beast;Wild animal(野 means open country;wild land)

372

Táo
Run away;Escape