Grammar 1.7 - 2.7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Grammar 1.7 - 2.7 Deck (33):
1

in first person yo what is the ending for dar?

oy

2

what kinds of patterns does the verb dar follow?

the same as ir and star

3

what kind of verb is dar?

an irregular verb

4

what are regular verbs?

verbs that end in ar er & ir

5

what are irregular verbs?

verbs that do not follow the regular ending for ar, er, & ir

6

what are go verbs?

irregular verbs that have the go ending when in the first person yo

7

name the go verbs

hacer- hago
poner- pongo
salir- salgo
tener- tengo
traer- traigo
venir- vengo

8

name some irregular verbs

ser- to be
estar- to be
ir- to go
dar- to give

9

what are examples of stem changing verbs e to ie

cerrar- to close
perder — to lose
preferir — to prefer
empezar - to begin
querer— to want, to like, to love
pensar - to think

10

what are examples of stem changing verbs o to ue?

almorzar- to eat lunch
poder — to be able to
dormir — to sleep
contar- to count, to tell
volver— to return
encontrar- to find, to meet
mostrar- to show

11

what kind of stem changing verb is jugar?

u to ue?

12

what group of stem changing verbs is jugar grouped with?

o to ue

13

to enjoy oneself or to have fun

divertirse

14

oneself

se

15

what are reflexive verbs?

verbs that have "se" at the end of the infinitive

16

what do reflective verbs mean

the person doing the action is doing it to them self
the action that is taking place is reflected back on the person doing the action

17

to wash oneself

lavarse

18

to be called

llamarse

19

to bathe oneself

bañarse

20

to shower oneself

ducharse

21

to brush one's own hair or teeth

cepillarse

22

to comb one's own hair

peinarse

23

to look at oneself

mirarse

24

to dry oneself

secarse

25

Can verbs be reflexive and non-reflexive?

Yes, most verbs become reflexive by adding the se to the end

26

to shave oneself

afeitarse

27

to put on make up

maquillarse

28

to take off

quitarse

29

to get dressed (present tense conjugation: me visto, te vistes, se viste, nos vestimos, os vestís, se visten)

vestirse

30

list the stem changing reflexive verbs

despertarse- to wake up
vestirse- to get dressed
divertirse- to enjoy oneself (have a good time)
acostarse- to go to bed
dormirse- to go to sleep

31

how are the stem changing reflexive verbs conjugated

despertarse- e-ie
vestirse- e-i
divertirse- e-ie
acostarse- o-ue
dormirse- o-ue

32

ser

day, date
telling time
permanent characteristic
occupation
origin or nationality

33

estar

state or condition at present time
health or feelings
location or position
progressive tense