Grammar Flashcards Preview

English exam review > Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grammar Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
0

Collective nouns

Names a group of people or things
Examples: nerds, class

1

Compound nouns

A noun consisting of more than one word
Example: social studies, thirty-three, schoolteacher

2

Common noun

Any person of thing
Example: pen, smiles

3

Proper noun

Particular person, place or thing and begins with capital letter
Example: Marissa, Paris

4

Personal pronouns

Refer to people and things. Divided into 3 categories:
1. First person: referring to person talking
2. Second person: referring to person bing spoken to
3. Third person: referring to anyone or anything else

5

Reflexive/intensive pronouns

Formed by adding self or delve to certain personal pronouns
Reflexive: refers to the subject and functions as a compliment or an object or a preposition
Intensive: emphasizes a noun or another pronoun

6

Interrogative pronoun

Use to ask a question
1. Which
2. Who
3. Whom
4. Whose
5. What

7

Demonstrative pronoun

Used to point out a specific person or thing
1. This
2. That
3. These
4. Those

8

Indefinite pronoun

Often doesn't refer to a specific or definite person or thing
Doesn't have a specific antecedent (like personal pronouns)
Example: Everybody will select another to help with everything

9

Adjectives

Modifies a noun or pronoun
Answer the following questions:
How much?
How many?
What kind?
Which?

10

Proper adjective

Formed from a proper noun

11

Compound adjective

A word composed of two of more words; sometimes these words a hyphenated

12

Action verb

Tells what action a subject is performing, had performed, or will perform.
Example: skated

13

Linking verb

Connects or links a subject to a noun or an adjective in the predicate
Example: is, are, being

14

Helping verb

Assists the main verb in a sentence. There can be more than one helping verb in a sentence.
Example: are

15

Adverbs

A word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb
Answer the following questions:
Where?
When?
How?
To what extent?
Usually end in -ly

16

Common preposition

A word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence
Examples: the man swam under the bridge

*"but" is a preposition ONLY when is can be replaced by the except

17

Compound preposition

Has the same function as a common preposition
Composed of two or more words

18

Coordinating conjunctions

Single connecting word
Examples: for, and, nor, but, or

19

Correlative conjunctions

Pairs of connecting words
The pairs are separated by one of the words the correlative conjunction is connecting
Examples: both......and
Neither.........nor
Wether.........or

20

Interjection

Word that expresses strong feeling of emotion
Usually comes at the beginning of the sentence

21

Oxymoron

Expression with contradictory words: a phrase in which two words of contradictory meaning are used together for special effect, e.g. "wise fool" or "legal murder"

22

Pun

Play on words: a humorous use of words that involves a word of phrase that has more than one possible meaning.

23

Paradox

Statement that seems contradictory but that actually may be true

24

Malapropism

Unintentional use of wrong word: the misuse of a word through confusion with another word that sounds similar, especially when the effect is ridiculous

25

Allusion

References to well-know people, places, or events from myths or literature

26

Chiasmus

Inverted word order in phrase: a rhetorical construction in which the order of words in the second of two paired phrases is the reverse of the order in the first
Example: gray was the morn, all things were gray

27

Foreshadow

To be warned of: to indicate or suggest something, usually something unpleasant, that is going to happen

28

Metaphor

Implicit comparison: describing someone or something with a word or phrase that is not meant literally but by means of a vivid comparison expresses something about him, her, or it, e.g. saying that somebody is a snake

29

Soliloquy

A lengthy speech in which a character expresses his or her thought to the audience. He or she is usually alone on the stage

30

Aside

A brief remark by a character revealing thoughts or feelings to the audience. No one else on stage can hear these comments

31

Monologue

Like a soliloquy but the character is addressing another character not the audience. Literally means "one talking" (similar to dialogue meaning "two talking")

32

Characters

The people or animals who take part in a literary work

33

Round character

Have many personality traits, like a real person

34

Flat characters

One-dimensional, embodying only a single trait. Shakespeare's plays often include flat characters who provide comic relief

35

Dramatic foil

A character who highlights the traits of another character through contrast

36

Tragic hero

Main character of the story who has a flaw or weakness in his or her character which causes their downfall

37

Jack

Symbolizes the human love of dominance and power

38

Piggy

Symbolizes the science and rationality

39

Ralph

Symbolizes law, government, and civil society

40

Simon

Symbol of Jesus, he stands for the mystics, prophets, and priests of all religions who confront and reveal the darkest aspects of human nature.

41

Roger

Symbolizes mankind's sadistic instincts, the suppressed desire to hurt others.

42

The Lord of the flies

Symbolizes the evil in all men's souls

43

Sam and Eric

Symbolize totally civilized and socialized people

44

Percival

Symbolizes innocence

45

Robert

Plays the role of the pig