Grammar Flashcards Preview

Māori 101 > Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grammar Deck (31)
Loading flashcards...
1

This

Te + nei OR Tēnei

2

That (close to listener)

Te + nā OR Tēnā

3

That (distant)

Te + rā OR Tērā

4

These

Ngā + nei OR Ēnei

5

Those (close to listener)

Ngā + nā OR Ēnā

6

Those (distant)

Ngā + rā OR Ērā

7

Motion to

Mai

8

Motion upwards

Ake

9

Motion downwards

Iho

10

Motion away from

Atu

11

Object marker

i

12

Prefix for number (of people)

Toko-

13

If verb phrase is introduced with 'kia', 'me' or 'e', what does 'a' change to with personal names?

e

14

Fronting: what markers have no change?

He, e

15

Fronting: what markers do you add 'ko'?

Te, Nga, a (but delete a)

16

What do you use before an adjective if phrase has 'is' or 'are' e.g. the dogs are big

'He' e.g. Ko ngā kurī he nui

17

Object phrase: what are pronouns and personal names marked by?

'a' e.g. I kite, te kau, i a ia (the cow saw her)

18

That (aforementioned)

Taua

19

Those (aforementioned)

Aua

20

A (particular)

Tētahi

21

Some (particular)

Ētahi

22

Where

Hea

23

What

Aha

24

Passive sentence: what do you add to, and delete from the subject phrase?

Add 'e', delete 'a' person marker

25

Passive sentence: what do you delete from object phrase?

'i'

26

Passive sentence: what do you add to the verb phrase?

A passive suffix e.g. -hia, -tia, -a

27

Passive imperatives: when would you passivise an imperative?

When the command calls for something to be done to something/one e.g. inumia = drink (it)

28

What does ‘kei’ become when it’s not in the initial phrase?

i

29

Present location

Kei

30

Future location

Hei