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Flashcards in Grammar+Culture Deck (18)
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1

It will probably be good weather everyday this week.

こんしゅうは まいにち いいおてんきでしょう。

**

2

softens a statement so that you aren't forcing your opinion on the listener but gently seeking agreement

3

なにか つめたい のみもの



"something to cold to drink"
- adjective and an infinitive can follow

4

Marks topic

5

Topic marker

6

じゃ また

"See you". Informal way to end a conversation

7

しゃ あとで

"Then later".

* only if you will see the person the same day

8

ほしんですが。


です けど。

"I would like"

が means but, however in this case it means "while I wish it could be done, I understand if it cannot"

です けど is the same but more polite

9

きょうは、なに を しますか。

"As for today, what are going to do?"

は in this case means "as for"

** Japanese sentences often start with the time phrase

10

"yes, something you wish to ask"

はい、なにか。

11

しつれいします。

Literally means "I'm going to be rude"

Works like "excuse me" when leaving during the middle of something, to go to he bathroom, blowing your nose

12

~ さん

- everyone outside the family and close friends and company
- use last name-San til you are reasonably good friends then first name-San
- only drop San with family and very close friends

13

~ たち

Pluralizes people

わたしたち = we
あなたたち = you guys
ひとたち = people

14

To be, exist/have

There are large temples and Shrines.

あります、ある、

おおきい おてらや じんじゃが あります。

15

What is an~ ?

~ is a what?

~ って なんですか。

16

Noun and noun, implying that more things exist but haven't been mentioned

Inside the briefcase there are keys and a newspaper etc.



かばんの なかに かぎや しんぶんが あります。

17

Noun and noun, and that's it.

There is only a flower and a book on the table.



テーブルの うえに はなと ほんが あります。

* only used with nouns

18

Particle used at end of sentence to emphasize new information


おんせんって なんですか。
にほんのスパですよ。