the numbers take feminine endings but have masculine agreement
أنّ Is followed by
A case noun or pronoun Tense doesn't need to change
أنْ is always followed by
Verb - A case imperfect It is equal to an infinitive
Clauses beginning with أنْ resemble
The verbal noun
May have have a suffix أنّ
pronoun attached to it هل نسي أَنَّهُ جاء بهِ
If the following verb conveys a past completed action
أنّ is used
May also be used to express أنّ
Indirect speech ("He said that...")
أنْ لا / ألا
"It is expected that"
مِنْ المُنْتظرِ أنْ
"He intends to"
"He hopes to"
Used with U imperfect Present, future
Used with A imperfect Future Often emphatic
0 imperfect Past Followed by zero case (or liaison vowel) (We use this FAR more often than ما + perfect to show negative past tense)
With continuous past tense, the negative
Precedes كان (not imperfect) لَمْ is used
Negative interrogatives are introduced by
أ + neg. particle (Not هل)
Rendered by شيْءٌ (at end) + negative (at start)
Past tense: Rendered by negative + قطُّ Future tense: rendered by negative + أبداً
In a series of sentences joined by و, the particle قد can be found
Before the second perfect tense verb This is often stylistic
In a subordinate clause قد may mean
"Has" (Before a perfect verb) OR "had" ie The pluperfect
With the imperfect قد can mean
May, might, perhaps
The particle قد can occur before
لا To make "may"-> "may not"
may appear before an لَقَدْ
Initial Perfect verb لقد أكلْنا كلّ... We've eaten all...
The particle لَقَدْ may appear after
ف...أمّا To indicate "but I have..."
Clause of attendant circumstance حال
Indicates something that continues to happen "He remained eating" "I found her eating" They can be: Perfect & imperfect Imp & imp Perfect & وقد & perfect
The حال clause may begin... Which conjunction is needed?
With the subject and may also be an equational sentence The و conjunction is needed twice وجدْتها وهي تجْلسُ = I found her and she was sitting "I found her sitting"
What follows prepositions?
The object of transitive verbs are