GRAMMAR OVERVIEW Y1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRAMMAR OVERVIEW Y1 Deck (474)
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1

Reverse concord

the numbers take feminine endings but have masculine agreement

2

That

أنّ

3

أنّ Is followed by

A case noun or pronoun Tense doesn't need to change

4

أنْ is always followed by

Verb - A case imperfect It is equal to an infinitive

5

أنْ

that

6

Clauses beginning with أنْ resemble

The verbal noun

7

May have have a suffix أنّ

pronoun attached to it هل نسي أَنَّهُ جاء بهِ

8

If the following verb conveys a past completed action

أنّ is used

9

May also be used to express أنّ

Indirect speech ("He said that...")

10

أنْ لا / ألا

That not

11

"It is expected that"

مِنْ المُنْتظرِ أنْ

12

"He intends to"

يقصِدُ أنْ

13

"He hopes to"

يرْجو أنْ

14

لا

Used with U imperfect Present, future

15

لنْ

Used with A imperfect Future Often emphatic

16

لمْ

0 imperfect Past Followed by zero case (or liaison vowel) (We use this FAR more often than ما + perfect to show negative past tense)

17

With continuous past tense, the negative

Precedes كان (not imperfect) لَمْ is used

18

Negative interrogatives are introduced by

أ + neg. particle (Not هل)

19

Nothing

Rendered by شيْءٌ (at end) + negative (at start)

20

Never

Past tense: Rendered by negative + قطُّ Future tense: rendered by negative + أبداً

21

In a series of sentences joined by و, the particle قد can be found

Before the second perfect tense verb This is often stylistic

22

In a subordinate clause قد may mean

"Has" (Before a perfect verb) OR "had" ie The pluperfect

23

With the imperfect قد can mean

May, might, perhaps

24

The particle قد can occur before

لا To make "may"-> "may not"

25

may appear before an لَقَدْ

Initial Perfect verb لقد أكلْنا كلّ... We've eaten all...

26

The particle لَقَدْ may appear after

ف...أمّا To indicate "but I have..."

27

Clause of attendant circumstance حال

Indicates something that continues to happen "He remained eating" "I found her eating" They can be: Perfect & imperfect Imp & imp Perfect & وقد & perfect

28

The حال clause may begin... Which conjunction is needed?

With the subject and may also be an equational sentence The و conjunction is needed twice وجدْتها وهي تجْلسُ = I found her and she was sitting "I found her sitting"

29

What follows prepositions?

I case

30

The object of transitive verbs are

A case