Gravitational Fields 28-29 Flashcards Preview

Physics revision guide v1 > Gravitational Fields 28-29 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gravitational Fields 28-29 Deck (10):

Draw a graph of the strength of the gravitational field,g, against the distance r from the centre of mass of an object.

Inverse square law

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What is gravitational potential energy of a mass

It is the work that would need to be done to move it against the force of gravity.


What is the equation for the gravitational potential energy of a mass,m?

Egrav = -GMm/r


Draw the graph of gravitional potential energy vs r to show how the gravitational potential energy varies for Earth.

- What does the gradient of the graph show?

- What is the potential energy at an infinite distance from Earth?

- The gradient of a tangent to the graph gives the value of the gravitional force at that point. The force is greatest at the Earth's surface.

- Potential energy is zero at an infinite distance from the Eartch.

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What is gravitional potential at a point,V?

It is the potential energy per unit mass, V = Egrav/m .


In a radial field, what is the equation for gravitiational potential at a point,V?

V = - GM/r


Draw the graph of gravitational potential vs r, for a point mass r distance away.

- The gradient of the graph tells you what?

- When is the gravitational potential zero?

- The graident of a tangent to the graph gives the value of g at that point.

- The gravitiational potential,V, is zero at infinity.

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What are equipotentials?

Equipotentials show all the points in a field which has the same potential.



What is the gravitational potential at the Earths surface?

63 MjKg-1


What is the equation that gives the linear velocity of a circular orbit of planets due to the centripetal force of gravitational force?

v = (GM/r)1/2

It comes from equation F = - GMm/r2 and F = mv2/r