GRE Shanbay 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE Shanbay 1 Deck (431):
1

precursor

something that precedes and indicates the approach of something or someone

2

obstruct

block passage through

3

palatable

acceptable to the taste or mind

4

retaliate

make a counterattack and return like for like, especially evil for evil

5

pompous

puffed up with vanity

6

conflate

mix together different elements

7

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress

8

reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

9

solvent

capable of meeting financial obligations

10

clemency

leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with administering justice

11

renounce

turn away from; give up

12

impudent

improperly forward or bold

13

judicious

marked by the exercise of good judgment or common sense in practical matters

14

oust

remove from a position or office

15

itinerant

traveling from place to place to work

16

rebuke

an act or expression of criticism and censure

17

scramble

to move hurriedly

18

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of

19

collateral

situated or running side by side

20

connive

form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner

21

ostracise

expel from a community or group

22

impending

close in time; about to occur

23

officious

intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner

24

reiterate

to say, state, or perform again

25

rugged

having long narrow shallow depressions (as grooves or wrinkles) in the surface

26

desecrate

violate the sacred character of a place or language

27

debilitate

make weak

28

cleave

separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument

29

choppy

rough with small waves

30

repugnant

offensive to the mind

31

rift

a narrow fissure in rock

32

protract

lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

33

munificent

very generous

34

raze

tear down so as to make flat with the ground

35

promulgate

state or announce

36

obdurate

stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing

37

schism

division of a group into opposing factions

38

contrition

sorrow for sin arising from fear of damnation

39

provocation

something that incites or provokes; a means of arousing or stirring to action

40

solace

comfort in disappointment or misery

41

cone

a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point

42

crumple

to gather something into small wrinkles or folds

43

spiny

having spines

44

recalcitrant

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

45

proliferate

grow rapidly

46

postulate

maintain or assert

47

premonition

an early warning about a future event

48

propriety

correct or appropriate behavior

49

paragon

an ideal instance; a perfect embodiment of a concept

50

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases; once sought by the alchemists

51

convivial

occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

52

sterile

incapable of reproducing

53

charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver; one who attracts customers with tricks or jokes

54

satirize

ridicule with satire

55

cringe

draw back, as with fear or pain

56

coterie

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

57

censorious

harshly critical or expressing censure

58

insurgent

in opposition to a civil authority or government

59

proverb

a condensed but memorable saying embodying some important fact of experience that is taken as true by many people

60

crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

61

stagnant

not growing or changing; without force or vitality

62

somber

grave or even gloomy in character

63

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

64

stride

walk with long steps

65

egalitarian

favoring social equality

66

parsimony

extreme stinginess

67

belabor

beat soundly

68

opulent

rich and superior in quality

69

crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

70

propensity

a natural inclination

71

demean

reduce in worth or character, usually verbally

72

stipulate

specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement

73

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

74

iterate

to say, state, or perform again

75

probity

complete and confirmed integrity; having strong moral principles

76

reparation

something done or paid in expiation of a wrong

77

disciple

someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another

78

rescind

cancel officially

79

secular

someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person

80

communal

for or by a group rather than individuals

81

ominous

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

82

overt

open and observable; not secret or hidden

83

egalitarian

favoring social equality

84

snug

enjoying or affording comforting warmth and shelter especially in a small space

85

reconnaissance

the act of reconnoitring (especially to gain information about an enemy or potential enemy)

86

patronage

the business given to a commercial establishment by its customers

87

remiss

failing in what duty requires

88

nocturnal

belonging to or active during the night

89

shatter

break into many pieces

90

sanguine

confidently optimistic and cheerful

91

prolific

intellectually productive

92

profuse

produced or growing in extreme abundance

93

irreverent

showing lack of due respect or veneration

94

provident

providing carefully for the future

95

recoil

spring back; spring away from an impact

96

momentous

of very great significance

97

persevere

be persistent, refuse to stop

98

ravage

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

99

derivative

a compound obtained from, or regarded as derived from, another compound

100

slovenly

negligent of neatness especially in dress and person; habitually dirty and unkempt

101

contend

compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others

102

phlegmatic

showing little emotion

103

reminiscent

serving to bring to mind

104

improvident

not provident; not providing for the future

105

psyche

that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason

106

pertinent

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

107

recluse

one who lives in solitude

108

seismic

subject to or caused by an earthquake or earth vibration

109

skimp

work hastily or carelessly; deal with inadequately and superficially

110

subservient

compliant and obedient to authority

111

ratify

approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation

112

clannish

characteristic of a clan especially in being unified

113

perennial

lasting three seasons or more

114

spectator

a close observer; someone who looks at something (such as an exhibition of some kind)

115

optimal

most desirable possible under a restriction expressed or implied

116

convoluted

rolled longitudinally upon itself

117

congruent

corresponding in character or kind

118

sap

a watery solution of sugars, salts, and minerals that circulates through the vascular system of a plant

119

concoction

the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components

120

disarray

untidiness (especially of clothing and appearance)

121

repute

the state of being held in high esteem and honor

122

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

123

propel

cause to move forward with force

124

preeminent

greatest in importance or degree or significance or achievement

125

shrivel

wither, as with a loss of moisture

126

restitution

the act of restoring something to its original state

127

quash

declare invalid

128

diffusion

the act of dispersing or diffusing something

129

soliloquy

speech you make to yourself

130

contentious

inclined or showing an inclination to dispute or disagree, even to engage in law suits

131

contention

the act of competing as for profit or a prize

132

prodigal

recklessly wasteful

133

streak

a narrow marking of a different color or texture from the background

134

intrepid

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

135

euphemism

an inoffensive or indirect expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive or too harsh

136

derision

the act of deriding or treating with contempt

137

muddle

make into a puddle

138

solicit

make a solicitation or entreaty for something; request urgently or persistently

139

quaint

attractively old-fashioned (but not necessarily authentic)

140

disingenuous

not straightforward or candid; giving a false appearance of frankness

141

plump

sufficiently fat so as to have a pleasing fullness of figure

142

cornucopia

a goat's horn filled with grain and flowers and fruit symbolizing prosperity

143

conversant

(usually followed by `with') well informed about or knowing thoroughly

144

shiftless

lacking or characterized by lack of ambition or initiative; lazy

145

prosaic

lacking wit or imagination

146

dappled

having spots or patches of color

147

disabuse

free somebody (from an erroneous belief)

148

concomitant

following or accompanying as a consequence

149

spineless

weak in willpower, courage or vitality

150

descry

catch sight of

151

notoriety

the state of being known for some unfavorable act or quality

152

sinuous

curved or curving in and out

153

indignation

a feeling of righteous anger

154

pliable

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

155

counteract

act in opposition to

156

nibble

bite off very small pieces

157

dampen

lessen in force or effect

158

reside

live (in a certain place)

159

qualm

uneasiness about the fitness of an action

160

suppress

to put down by force or authority

161

stint

supply sparingly and with restricted quantities

162

prose

ordinary writing as distinguished from verse

163

offhand

with little or no preparation or forethought

164

quarantine

isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease

165

debase

corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones

166

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

167

provision

the activity of supplying or providing something

168

spherical

of or relating to spheres or resembling a sphere

169

odious

unequivocally detestable

170

scruple

an ethical or moral principle that inhibits action

171

sluggish

moving slowly

172

vigilant

carefully observant or attentive; on the lookout for possible danger

173

crestfallen

brought low in spirit

174

relish

vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment

175

purport

have the often specious appearance of being, intending, or claiming

176

pecuniary

relating to or involving money

177

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose; jumping from one thing to another

178

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

179

placid

(of a body of water) free from disturbance by heavy waves

180

delimit

set, mark, or draw the boundaries of something

181

respite

a pause from doing something (as work)

182

simulation

the act of imitating the behavior of some situation or some process by means of something suitably analogous (especially for the purpose of study or personnel training)

183

incumbent

necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

184

coalesce

fuse or cause to grow together

185

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

186

stall

small area set off by walls for special use

187

poise

hold or carry in equilibrium

188

plaudit

enthusiastic approval

189

disenfranchise

deprive of voting rights

190

servile

submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior

191

proclamation

a formal public statement

192

scenic

of or relating to the stage or stage scenery

193

rustic

characteristic of rural life

194

prodigious

so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe

195

portend

indicate by signs

196

narcotic

a drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction

197

dilettante

an amateur who engages in an activity without serious intentions and who pretends to have knowledge

198

compendium

a publication containing a variety of works

199

rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

200

peripheral

on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area

201

inept

generally incompetent and ineffectual

202

disinclination

a certain degree of unwillingness

203

stalwart

having rugged physical strength; inured to fatigue or hardships

204

detriment

a damage or loss

205

consternation

fear resulting from the awareness of danger

206

ridge

a long narrow natural elevation or striation

207

revert

go back to a previous state

208

potent

having or wielding force or authority

209

pensive

deeply or seriously thoughtful

210

deference

courteous regard for people's feelings

211

reprisal

a retaliatory action against an enemy in wartime

212

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

213

sedate

characterized by dignity and propriety

214

decimate

kill one in every ten, as of mutineers in Roman armies

215

inure

cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate

216

negligent

characterized by neglect and undue lack of concern

217

salutary

tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health

218

petulant

easily irritated or annoyed

219

picturesque

suggesting or suitable for a picture; pretty as a picture

220

erudition

profound scholarly knowledge

221

pejorative

expressing disapproval

222

jubilant

full of high-spirited delight

223

rueful

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

224

rampant

unrestrained and violent

225

posthumous

occurring or coming into existence after a person's death

226

rave

talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner

227

convex

curving or bulging outward

228

opportune

suitable or at a time that is suitable or advantageous especially for a particular purpose

229

palpable

capable of being perceived; especially capable of being handled or touched or felt

230

ostentation

pretentious or showy or vulgar display

231

denigrate

charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone

232

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

233

ponderous

having great mass and weight and unwieldiness

234

precipitous

extremely steep

235

querulous

habitually complaining

236

didactic

instructive (especially excessively)

237

dilatory

wasting time

238

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

239

obliterate

remove completely from recognition or memory

240

encompass

include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory

241

rectify

make right or correct

242

plaintive

expressing sorrow

243

plumb

exactly vertical

244

sonorous

full and loud and deep

245

chary

characterized by great caution and wariness

246

morbid

suggesting the horror of death and decay

247

protrude

extend out or project in space

248

stocky

having a short and solid form or stature

249

recede

pull back or move away or backward

250

connoisseur

an expert able to appreciate a field; especially in the fine arts

251

festive

offering fun and gaiety

252

finicky

exacting especially about details

253

remembrance

the ability to recall past occurrences

254

puritan

someone who adheres to strict religious principles; someone opposed to sensual pleasures

255

neutrino

an elementary particle with zero charge and zero mass

256

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

257

forfeit

lose (s.th.) or lose the right to (s.th.) by some error, offense, or crime

258

dupe

fool or hoax

259

edifice

a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place

260

vertebrate

animals having a bony or cartilaginous skeleton with a segmented spinal column and a large brain enclosed in a skull or cranium

261

dogged

stubbornly unyielding

262

exigency

a pressing or urgent situation

263

folklore

the unwritten lore (stories and proverbs and riddles and songs) of a culture

264

anemone

marine polyps that resemble flowers but have oral rings of tentacles; differ from corals in forming no hard skeleton

265

extrapolate

draw from specific cases for more general cases

266

entrenched

dug in

267

ferocity

the property of being wild or turbulent

268

embezzle

appropriate (as property entrusted to one's care) fraudulently to one's own use

269

phytoplankton

photosynthetic or plant constituent of plankton; mainly unicellular algae

270

faddish

intensely fashionable for a short time

271

eviscerate

remove the entrails of

272

figment

a contrived or fantastic idea

273

brachiopod

marine animal with bivalve shell having a pair of arms bearing tentacles for capturing food; found worldwide

274

frisky

playful like a lively kitten

275

exodus

a journey by a large group to escape from a hostile environment

276

fetid

offensively malodorous

277

evocative

serving to bring to mind

278

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

279

expressly

with specific intentions; for the express purpose

280

eminence

high status importance owing to marked superiority

281

effete

marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay

282

doctrinaire

a stubborn person of arbitrary or arrogant opinions

283

foible

a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual

284

enmity

a state of deep-seated ill-will

285

emblematic

serving as a visible symbol for something abstract

286

evince

give expression to

287

embroider

decorate with needlework

288

garish

tastelessly showy

289

gall

a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats

290

glutinous

having the sticky properties of an adhesive

291

ethos

(anthropology) the distinctive spirit of a culture or an era

292

explicate

elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses

293

vent

a hole for the escape of gas or air

294

drollery

a comic incident or series of incidents

295

plateau

a relatively flat highland

296

dispassionate

unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice

297

garble

make false by mutilation or addition; as of a message or story

298

dioxide

an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule

299

fray

wear away by rubbing

300

gospel

the written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group

301

enigma

something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained

302

ethereal

characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; as impalpable or intangible as air

303

drone

an unchanging intonation

304

aggression

a disposition to behave aggressively

305

dossier

a collection of papers containing detailed information about a particular person or subject (usually a person's record)

306

embryonic

of an organism prior to birth or hatching

307

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day in its winged form

308

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

309

esoteric

confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle

310

drizzly

wet with light rain

311

interstellar

between or among stars

312

drudgery

hard monotonous routine work

313

meteorite

stony or metallic object that is the remains of a meteoroid that has reached the earth's surface

314

excise

remove by cutting

315

constrict

squeeze or press together

316

feigned

not genuine

317

frivolity

the trait of being frivolous; not serious or sensible

318

ebullient

joyously unrestrained

319

fastidious

giving careful attention to detail; hard to please; excessively concerned with cleanliness

320

dorsal

belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part

321

euphonious

having a pleasant sound

322

zooplankton

animal constituent of plankton; mainly small crustaceans and fish larvae

323

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

324

anaerobic

not aerobic

325

fumigate

treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests

326

dividend

a number to be divided by another number

327

fluorescent

emitting light during exposure to radiation from an external source

328

frenetic

excessively agitated; distraught with fear or other violent emotion

329

frivolity

the trait of being frivolous; not serious or sensible

330

irradiate

expose to radiation

331

intelligible

capable of being apprehended or understood

332

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

333

gush

gush forth in a sudden stream or jet

334

halting

disabled in the feet or legs

335

insoluble

(of a substance) incapable of being dissolved

336

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

337

canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture especially the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church as genuine and inspired

338

iridescent

varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles

339

tritium

a radioactive isotope of hydrogen; atoms of tritium have three times the mass of ordinary hydrogen atoms

340

moralistic

narrowly and conventionally moral

341

impound

place or shut up in a pound

342

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

343

handedness

the property of using one hand more than the other

344

hiatus

an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

345

indent

set in from the margin

346

habituate

make psychologically or physically used (to something)

347

imponderable

difficult or impossible to evaluate with precision

348

infantile

of or relating to infants or infancy

349

indubitable

too obvious to be doubted

350

inalienable

incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another

351

inestimable

beyond calculation or measure

352

humdrum

tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

353

mantle

a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter

354

indiscriminate

failing to make or recognize distinctions

355

impunity

exemption from punishment or loss

356

incendiary

capable of catching fire spontaneously or causing fires or burning readily

357

indenture

formal agreement between the issuer of bonds and the bondholders as to terms of the debt

358

graft

(surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient

359

mite

any of numerous very small to minute arachnids often infesting animals or plants or stored foods

360

grating

unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound

361

intransigent

impervious to pleas, persuasion, requests, reason

362

hieroglyph

a writing system using picture symbols; used in ancient Egypt

363

impropriety

the condition of being improper

364

idiosyncrasy

a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual

365

herbaceous

characteristic of a nonwoody herb or plant part

366

incipient

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

367

igneous

produced by the action of fire or intense heat

368

irascible

quickly aroused to anger

369

insubstantial

lacking material form or substance; unreal

370

suture

a seam used in surgery

371

molten

reduced to liquid form by heating

372

ignominy

a state of dishonor

373

impecunious

not having enough money to pay for necessities

374

ingrate

a person who shows no gratitude

375

imposture

pretending to be another person

376

gripping

capable of arousing and holding the attention

377

estimable

deserving of respect or high regard

378

incorrigible

impervious to correction by punishment

379

terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth or its inhabitants

380

jaded

exhausted

381

iniquitous

characterized by iniquity; wicked because it is believed to be a sin

382

occultation

one celestial body obscures another

383

inconsequential

lacking worth or importance

384

ingratiating

capable of winning favor

385

inexplicable

incapable of being explained or accounted for

386

huckster

a seller of shoddy goods

387

excavate

remove the inner part or the core of

388

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

389

grandeur

the quality of being magnificent or splendid or grand

390

insurrection

organized opposition to authority; a conflict in which one faction tries to wrest control from another

391

inimical

not friendly

392

ineptitude

unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training

393

heretical

characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards

394

meteorite

stony or metallic object that is the remains of a meteoroid that has reached the earth's surface

395

impolitic

not politic

396

pollination

transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant

397

inflammation

the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up

398

impressionable

easily impressed or influenced

399

ingest

serve oneself to, or consume regularly

400

histrionic

characteristic of acting or a stage performance; often affected

401

contaminant

a substance that contaminates

402

rebuke

an act or expression of criticism and censure

403

indebted

owing gratitude or recognition to another for help or favors etc

404

dextral

preferring to use right foot or hand or eye

405

moratorium

suspension of an ongoing activity

406

explicate

elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses

407

hedonist

someone motivated by desires for sensual pleasures

408

morose

showing a brooding ill humor

409

pose

introduce

410

inviolate

must be kept sacred

411

supernova

a star that explodes and becomes extremely luminous in the process

412

insatiable

impossible to satisfy

413

impostor

a person who makes deceitful pretenses

414

imperturbable

not easily perturbed or excited or upset; marked by extreme calm and composure

415

lax

lacking in rigor or strictness

416

hypochondriac

a patient with imaginary symptoms and ailments

417

gouge

and edge tool with a blade like a trough for cutting channels or grooves

418

invigorate

give life or energy to

419

hydrate

any compound that contains water of crystallization

420

incandescent

emitting light as a result of being heated

421

humility

a disposition to be humble; a lack of false pride

422

misconstrue

interpret in the wrong way

423

innocuous

not injurious to physical or mental health

424

intricacy

marked by elaborately complex detail

425

garrison

a fortified military post where troops are stationed

426

irate

feeling or showing extreme anger

427

intractable

not tractable; difficult to manage or mold

428

hallow

render holy by means of religious rites

429

isotope

one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with different numbers of neutrons

430

refrigerant

any substance used to provide cooling (as in a refrigerator)

431

ponder

reflect deeply on a subject