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Flashcards in Great Depression Deck (48):
1

Buying on margin

10% down on stocks and 90% borrowed

Major cause of market crash of 1929

2

Percent of unemployment after depression of 1929

25%

3

Hoovervilles

Tent city's people lived in during the 1929 economic crisis

4

Worst year of the Great Depression/ worst economic year in American history

1932

5

What was FDR's relation to TR

TRs younger cousin

6

Everyone thought what about young FDR

He was a rich boy cousin of TR which is why he got the jobs he did

7

Two things that changed FDR's life

Married his cousin Eleanor

Contracts polio

8

When did FDR contract polio

Summer 1921

9

3 ways polio changed him( FDR)

Being in a wheelchair

Warm springs Georgia

People abandon him

10

In 1928 FDR is ----

Governer of ny. Watches Hoover fuck up

11

FDR elected in----

1932

12

21st amendment

Makes liquor legal again

13

Radio chats where FDR would explain his policies and ideas. Made people feel close to him.

Fireside chats

14

FDR would close banks for a few days so that no transactions would occur and that way he could get a handle on the situation and make changes

Bank holidays

15

FDIC

Federal deposit insurance corporation

Gaurenteed a persons money in the bank up to a certain amount

16

HOLC

Home owners loan corporation

Farm & home owners would get help financing existing mortgages to keep homes and farms

17

fSA federal securities act

Restructured the stock market so hopefully it would no crash

18

NIRA or NRA

National industrial recovery act
Established four things
Fair bus practices
Price setting
Minimum wage
Unions the right to collective bargaining ( overturned by supreme c)

19

AAA

Agricultural adjustment act

Gov. Controlled food grown by farmers and subsidized crops

20

TVA

Tennessee valley authority

Brought power to south east. Hydroelectric power plants & dams

21

CCC

Civilian Conservation corps.

Gave young men jobs replanting forests

22

3 causes to Great Depression

1) overproduction of goods
2) overproduction of farming ( dust bowl )
3) stock market crash

23

PWA

Public works administration

Gave jobs building roads, sewers, public buildings

24

How much did CCC pay

1 dollar a day

25

CCC gave how many jobs

Over 2 million

26

WPA

Works progress administration

Gave construction jobs but also set of jobs for artists

27

Works progress administration
2 sub sets

Federal writers project

Federal theater project

28

Wagner act

Supported three things for unions

Right to organize
Collective bargaining
Prevented a black list

29

Out of the Wagner act came what

NLRB
National labor relations board- enforces Wagner act idea

30

CIO

And who formed it

For who

Congress of industrial organizations

John L. Lewis

Unskilled workers

31

Indian reorganization act.

Ended the Dawes act. Allowed Indians to live on own land encouraged tribal self government

32

Good neighbor policy

Us will stay out of Latin American affairs

33

Fair labor standards act

44 hour work week
Outlaws child labor( under 16)
Minimum wage reinstalled

France's Perkins

34

Woman who witnesses triangle fires and became first woman appointed to presidents cabinet

Frances Perkins

Secretary of labor

35

Play about labor unions that led to the cutting of funding to the federal theater project

Cradle will rock

36

Who runs for gov. Of California in 1934

Upton Sinclair

37

When does Hitler officially take over Germany

Jan 30 1933

38

Munich agreement

Give hitler the sudatin land if he promises not to take anything else

39

What event officialy starts world war 3

Germany invaded Poland

40

Date Germany invades Poland

Sept. 1 1939

41

America first

Isolationist group

Most well know member
Charles Lindberg

42

First person to fly to Europe

Charles Lindberg

43

Name of the plane Lindbergh flew to Europe

Spirit of at. Louis

44

First peacetime draft in American history

1940 selective training and service act

45

1940 FDR elected- significance

3rd time

46

1041 lend lease program

Gives tools of war to Europe

Arsenal of democracy

47

A Philip randolf

Asks FDR to pass law saying that blacks have to get jobs in the lend lease / war effort

48

June 1941 Hitler makes the mother of all mistakes

Attacks Russia