Greek Key Terms Flashcards Preview

Art History through 15th Century > Greek Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greek Key Terms Deck (15):
1

Kouros

male

2

Kore

female

3

Archaic Smile

-an artificial looking smile
-The smile is the Archaic sculptor’s way of indicating that the person portrayed is alive.

4

Panathenaic

-Festival for Athena that happens every 4 years.

5

Ionic

-The Ionic order is characterized by, among other features, volutes, capitals, columns with bases, and an uninterrupted frieze.

6

Doric

-The Doric order is characterized by, among other features, capitals with funnel-shaped echinuses, columns without bases, and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes.

7

Corinthian

-Consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus.

8

Pediment

-The triangular area contained within the peak of a temple's roof and often contains sculptural relief narrating events from the lives of the gods.

9

Cella

-The chamber at the center of an ancient temple.

10

Contrapposto

-Means to "stand against" (in Italian).
-S-curve.

11

Hellenistic

-The name of the stylistic period that began with the death of Alexander the Great.
-Art became more varied in subject matter and style and was often highly dramatic, exaggerated, tragic, passionate, and intense.

12

Homer

-Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.

13

Red figure

-Red figure on Greek vases is achieved when a reddish-clay pot is fired with a black glaze which is scratched away to reveal the inverse images of patterns or scenes.

14

Black figure

-Simply a technique of painting the glaze directly on the reddish-clay body of the pot.

15

Relief

-Refers to figures projecting from a background of which they are a part.
-The degree of relief is designated either as high, low, sunken, or intaglio.