Roman/Etruscan Key Terms Flashcards Preview

Art History through 15th Century > Roman/Etruscan Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Roman/Etruscan Key Terms Deck (16):
1

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First Style (Masonry)

  • blocks of stone stuck in the wall
  • painted concrete walls

2

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Second Style (Narrative)

  • use of perspective (atmospheric)
  • fading of details

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3

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Third Style

  • decorated walls with delicate linear fantasies sketched on monochromatic backgrounds.
  • solid color background
  • small scene
  • delicate architecture

4

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Fourth Style (Combo/Portraiture)

5

Pompeii

 An ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania.

6

Perspective

A method of presenting an illusion of the three-dimensional world on a twodimensional surface.

7

Oculus

The round central opening of a dome. Also, a small round window in a Gothic cathedral.

8

Coffer

A hollowed out area in a ceiling.

9

Verism

The artistic preference of contemporary everyday subject matter instead of the heroic or legendary in art and literature; a form of realism.

10

Pax Romana

  • "Roman Peace"
  • The theme of Caesar Augustus' regime, which tried to restore military and civic pride to Rome after a period of weakness, insability and civil war.

 

11

Republic

A form of government in which affairs of state are a "public matter",  not the private concern of the rulers.

12

Imperial

Relates to an empire, emperor, or the concept of imperialism.

13

Colosseum

  • The nickname for the Flavian amphitheater in Rome.
  • Called the Colosseum because of the nearly forty feet tall bronze statue of Nero.

14

Encaustic

A medium of painting in which color pigments are suspended in pots of hot wax.

15

Faiyum

The source of some famous death masks or mummy portraits painted during the Roman occupation of the area.

16

Forum

  • A complex of structures in the sacred heart of most Roman cities.
  • Consisted of individual smaller fora within the larger forum.
  • Could consist of colonnaded courts, exedrae, a basilica, a temple, and two libraries and a market.