Greek Vocabulary for GCSE (1-200 ἀγαθός to μηδείς) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Greek Vocabulary for GCSE (1-200 ἀγαθός to μηδείς) Deck (201):
1

1

ἀγαθός, ἀγαθή, ἀγαθόν

good

2

ἀγγέλλω, ἀγγελῶ, ἤγγειλα, ἠγγέλθην

I announce

3

ἄγγελος, ἀγγέλου, ὁ

messenger

4

ἀγορά, ἀγορᾶς, ἡ

market place

5

ἀγρός, ἀγροῦ, ὁ

field, countryside

6

ἄγω, ἄξω, ἤγαγον, ἤχθην

I lead, bring

7

ἀδικέω, ἀδικήσω, ἠδίκησα, ἠδικήθην

I do wrong, injure

8

ἄδικος, ἄδικος, ἄδικον

unjust, wrong

9

ἀεί

always

10

Ἀθηναῖοι, Ἀθηναίων, οἱ

Athenians

11

αἱρέω, αἱρήσω, εἷλον, ᾑρέθην

I take

12

αἰσθάνομαι, αἰσθήσομαι, ᾐσθόμην

I notice, perceive

13

αἰσχρός, αἰσχρά, αἰσχρόν

shameful, ugly, disgraceful

14

αἰτέω, αἰτήσω, ᾔτησα

I ask, ask for, beg for, demand

15

αἴτιος, αἰτία, αἴτιον

responsible for, guilty of (+gen.)

16

αἰχμάλωτος, αἰχμαλώτου, ὁ

prisoner of war

17

ἀκούω, ἀκούσομαι, ἤκουσα, ἠκούσθην

I hear, listen (+gen.)

18

ἀληθής, ἀληθής, ἀληθές

true

19

ἀλλά

but

20

ἄλλος, ἄλλη, ἄλλο

other, another

21

ἀνά

up (+acc.)

22

ἀναγκάζω, ἀναγκάσω, ἠνάγκασα, ἠναγκάσθην

I force, compel

23

ἀναχωρέω, ἀναχωρήσω, ἀνεχώρησα

I retreat, withdraw

24

ἀνδρεῖος, ἀνδρεία, ἀνδρεῖον

brave

25

ἄνεμος, ἀνέμου, ὁ

wind

26

ἄνευ

without, except (+gen.)

27

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ

man, husband

28

ἄνθρωπος, ἀνθρώπου, ὁ

man, person

29

ἄξιος, ἀξία, ἄξιον

worthy (of +gen.), deserving

30

ἀπό

from (+gen.)

31

ἀποθνῄσκω, ἀποθανοῦμαι, ἀπέθανον

I die, am killed

32

ἀποκρίνομαι, ἀποκρινοῦμαι, ἀπεκρινάμην

I reply, answer

33

ἀποκτείνω, ἀποκτενῶ, ἀπέκτεινα

I kill

34

ἆρα

interrogative particle (introduces a question)

35

ἀρχή, ἀρχῆς, ἡ

beginning; power, empire, rule

36

ἄρχομαι, ἄρξομαι, ἠρξάμην

I begin (+gen.)

37

ἄρχω, ἄρξω, ἦρξα, ἤρχθην

I rule (+gen.)

38

ἀσθενής, ἀσθενής, ἀσθενές

weak

39

ἀσπίς, ἀσπίδος, ἡ

shield

40

ἀσφαλής, ἀσφαλής, ἀσφαλές

safe

41

αὖθις

again

42

αὐτόν, αὐτήν, αὐτό (no nom)

him, her, it, them

43

αὐτός, αὐτή, αὐτό

himself, herself, itself (emphatic); (with article) the same

44

ἀφικνέομαι, ἀφίξομαι, ἀφικόμην

I arrive

45

βαίνω, βήσομαι, ἔβην

I go

46

βάλλω, βαλῶ, ἔβαλον, ἐβλήθην

I throw; I fire at, pelt, hit (with missile)

47

βάρβαροι, βάρβαρων, οἱ

foreigners, barbarians

48

βασιλεύς, βασιλέως, ὁ

king

49

βία, βίας, ἡ

force, strength

50

βλάπτω, βλάѱω, ἔβλαѱα, ἐβλάφθην

I harm

51

βοάω, βοήσομαι, ἐβόησα

I shout

52

βοή, βοῆς, ἡ

shout, cry

53

βοηθέω, βοηθήσω, ἐβοήθησα, ἐβοήθην

I help (+dat.)

54

βουλή, βουλῆς, ἡ

plan, counsel; a council

55

βούλομαι, βουλήσομαι, ἐβουλήθην

I wish, am willing

56

βραδύς, βραδεῖα, βραδύ

slow

57

γάρ

for

58

γε

at any rate, even

59

γελάω, γελάσομαι, ἐγέλασα, ἐγελάσθην

I laugh

60

γέρων, γέροντος, ὁ

old man

61

γῆ, γῆς, ἡ

land, earth

62

γίγνομαι, γενήσομαι, ἐγενόμην

I become, happen, occur

63

γιγνώσκω, γνώσομαι, ἔγνων, ἐγνώσθην

I know, realise, understand

64

γλῶσσα, γλώσσης, ἡ

tongue, language

65

γράφω, γράѱω, ἔγραѱα, ἐγράφην

I write, draw

66

γυνή, γυναικός, ἡ

woman, wife

67

δακρύω, δακρύσω, ἐδάκρυσα

I cry, weep

68

δέ

but, and (conjunctive particle)

69

δεῖ, δεήσει, ἐδέησε

it is necessary for (+acc.) to (+inf.)

70

δεινός, δεινή, δεινόν

terrible; strange; clever

71

δέκα

ten

72

δένδρον, δένδρου, τό

tree

73

δεσπότης, δεσπότου, ὁ

master

74

δεύτερος, δευτέρα, δεύτερον

second

75

δέχομαι, δέξομαι, ἐδεξάμην

I receive, accept, welcome

76

δή

indeed (emphatic particle)

77

διά

because of, on account of (+acc.); through (+gen.)

78

διὰ τί

why?

79

διαφθείρω, διαφθερῶ, διέφθειρα, διεφθάρην

I destroy, corrupt

80

δίδωμι, δώσω, ἔδωκα, ἐδόθην

I give

81

δίκαιος, δικαία, δίκαιον

just, fair, upright, moral

82

δι' ὀλίγου

soon

83

διότι

because

84

διώκω, διώξω, ἐδίωξα, ἐδιώχθην

I chase, pursue

85

δοκεῖ (μοι), δόξει, ἔδοξε

it seems good (to me), (I) decide

86

δοῦλος, δούλου, ὁ

slave

87

δύο, δύο, δύο

two

88

δυστυχής, δυστυχής, δυστυχές

unlucky, unfortunate

89

δῶρον, δώρου, τό

present, gift

90

ἐάν

if

91

ἑαυτόν, ἑαυτήν, ἑαυτό (no nom)

himself, herself, itself, themselves

92

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ

I, me

93

ἐθέλω, ἐθελήσω, ἠθέλησα

I wish, am willing

94

εἰ

if

95

εἶμι

I go, I shall go

96

εἰμί, ἔσομαι, ἦν

I am

97

εἰρήνη, εἰρήνης, ἡ

peace

98

εἰς

to, into (+acc.)

99

εἷς, μία, ἕν

one

100

εἰσβάλλω, εἰσβαλῶ, εἰσέβαλον, εἰσεβλήθην

I throw into; I invade

101

ἐκ, ἐξ

out of, from (+gen.)

102

ἕκαστος, ἑκάστη, ἕκαστον

each

103

ἐκεῖ

there

104

ἐκεῖνος, ἐκείνη, ἐκεῖνο

that, those

105

ἐκκλησία, ἐκκλησίας, ἡ

assembly, meeting

106

ἐλεύθερος, ἐλευθέρα, ἐλεύθερον

free

107

Ἕλλην, Ἕλληνος, ὁ

a Greek

108

ἐλπίζω, ἐλπιῶ, ἤλπισα, ἠλπίσθην

I hope, expect

109

ἐμός, ἐμή, ἐμόν

my; (with article) mine

110

ἐν

in, on, among (+dat.)

111

ἐνθάδε

here, to here

112

ἐννέα

nine

113

ἔνοικος, ἐνοίκου, ὁ

inhabitant

114

ἕξ

six

115

ἔξεστι

it is allowed for (+dat.) to (+inf.)

116

ἐπεί

since, when

117

ἔπειτα

then, next, afterwards

118

ἐπί

against (+acc.); on (+gen. or dat.); on condition of (+dat.)

119

ἐπιστολή, ἐπιστολῆς, ἡ

letter

120

ἕπομαι, ἕѱομαι, ἑσπόμην

I follow (+dat.)

121

ἕπτα

seven

122

ἔργον, ἔργου, τό

work, task, deed, action

123

ἔρχομαι, εἶμι, ἦλθον

I go, come

124

ἐρωτάω, ἐρωτήσω, ἠρόμην / ἠρώτησα

I ask

125

ἐσθίω, ἔδομαι, ἔφαγον

I eat

126

ἑσπέρα, ἑσπέρας, ἡ

evening

127

ἔτι

still, yet

128

ἔτος, ἔτους, τό

year

129

εὖ

well

130

εὐθύς

at once, immediately

131

εὑρίσκω, εὑρήσω, ηὗρον, ηὑρέθην

I find

132

εὐρύς, εὐρεῖα, εὐρύ

broad, wide

133

εὐτυχής, εὐτυχής, εὐτυχές

lucky, fortunate

134

ἐχθρός, ἐχθρά, ἐχθρόν

hostile

135

ἔχω, ἕξω / σχήσω, εἶχον (impf), ἔσχον

I have, hold; am (+adverb); can (+inf.)

136

ἕως

while, until

137

Ζεύς, Διός, ὁ

Zeus

138

or; than

139

ἤ...ἤ...

either...or...

140

ἡγεμών, ἡγεμόνος, ὁ

guide, leader

141

ἤδη

already, by now

142

ἡδύς, ἡδεῖα, ἡδύ

pleasant, sweet

143

ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν

we

144

ἡμέρα, ἡμέρας, ἡ

day

145

ἡμέτερος, ἡμετέρα, ἡμέτερον

our; (with article) ours

146

θάλασσα, θαλάσσης, ἡ

sea

147

θάνατος, θανάτου, ὁ

death

148

θάπτω, θάѱω, ἔθαѱα, ἐτάφην

I bury

149

θαυμάζω, θαυμάσομαι, ἐθαύμασα, ἐθαυμάσθην

I am amazed at, admire

150

θεά, θεᾶς, ἡ

goddess

151

θεός, θεοῦ, ὁ, ἡ

god; goddess

152

θυγάτηρ, θυγατρός, ἡ

daughter

153

θύρα, θύρας, ἡ

door

154

θύω, θύσω, ἔθυσα, ἐτύθην

I sacrifice

155

ἰατρός, ἰατροῦ, ὁ

doctor

156

ἱερος, ἱερά, ἱερόν

sacred

157

ἵνα

so that, in order that, in order to (+subj. or opt.); where (with indic.)

158

ἱππεύς, ἱππέως, ὁ

cavalryman, (plural) cavalry

159

ἵππος, ἵππου, ὁ

horse

160

ἰσχυρός, ἰσχυρά, ἰσχυρόν

strong

161

καθεύδω, καθευδήσω, ἐκάθευδον (impf)

I sleep

162

καθίζω, καθιῶ, ἐκάθισα

I sit

163

καί

and; also, even, too; actually

164

καίπερ

although

165

καίω, καύσω, ἔκαυσα, ἐκαύθην

I burn, set on fire

166

κακός, κακή, κακόν

bad, wicked, cowardly

167

καλέω, καλῶ, ἐκάλεσα, ἐκλήθην

I call

168

καλός, καλή, καλόν

beautiful, handsome, fine

169

κατά

down from (+gen.); by, down, along, according to (+acc.)

170

κατα γῆν

by land

171

κελεύω, κελεύσω, ἐκέλευσα, ἐκελεύσθην

I bid, ask, order

172

κεφαλή, κεφαλῆς, ἡ

head

173

κίνδυνος, κινδύνου, ὁ

danger

174

κλέπτω, κλέѱω, ἔκλεѱα, ἐκλάπην

I steal

175

κολάζω, κολάσω, ἐκόλασα, ἐκολάσθην

I punish, correct

176

κόπτω, κόѱω, ἔκοѱα, ἐκόπην

I cut (down), hit

177

κρύπτω, κρύѱω, ἔκρυѱα, ἐκρύφθην

I hide (something)

178

κτάομαι, κτήσομαι, ἐκτησάμην, ἐκτήθην

I obtain, get

179

κωλύω, κωλύσω, ἐκώλυσα, ἐκωλύθην

I hinder, prevent (someone from doing) + inf.

180

λάθρᾳ

in secret, secretly

181

Λακεδαιμόνιοι, Λακεδαιμονίων, οἱ

the Spartans

182

λαμβάνω, λήѱομαι, ἔλαβον, ἐλήφθην

I take, capture

183

λέγω, ἐρῶ / λέξω, εἶπον / ἔλεξα, ἐρρήθην / ἐλέχθην

I say, speak, tell

184

λείπω, λείѱω, ἔλιπον, ἐλείφθην

I leave

185

λιμήν, λιμένος, ὁ

harbour

186

λόγος, λόγου, ὁ

word, speech, argument; story, account

187

λύω, λύσω, ἔλυσα, ἐλύθην

I untie, loose, set free

188

μάλιστα

most; very much, especially

189

μᾶλλον

more

190

μανθάνω, μαθήσομαι, ἔμαθον

I learn

191

μάχη, μάχης, ἡ

battle, fight

192

μάχομαι, μαχοῦμαι, ἐμαχεσάμην

I fight

193

μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγα

big, great

194

μέλλω, μελλήσω, ἐμέλλησα

I intend, am going to (+inf.); hesitate

195

... μέν... δέ

on the one hand...on the other

196

μέντοι

however

197

μένω, μενῶ, ἔμεινα

I wait, remain

198

μετά

with (+gen.); after (+acc.)

199

μή

not

200

μηδείς, μηδεμία, μηδέν

no‐one, nothing, no