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Flashcards in Ground handling Deck (13):

What are the conditions for Aircraft Release by Flight Crew?

Flight crew are authorized to release an aircraft for departure following an unplanned landing, where no qualified maintenance personnel are available. The flight crew may release the flight only if the following conditions are fulfilled:
1. All normal Preliminary Pre-flight Procedures and Exterior Inspection are completed;
2. There is no maintenance defect affecting airworthiness, excluding a defect identified as an MEL;
3. There are no airworthiness or maintenance checks planned before the next landing time.


Procedures for fueling when departing from TLV.

At the briefing, the PIC shall determine the final fuel quantity required for the flight and the final fuel figure shall immediately be forwarded by OCC to Maintenance;
On flights not limited by performance, fueling shall be completed and the fuel truck shall be released. The flight crew shall make the necessary changes in the required fuel according to the final ZFW and shall inform the Station and the ground crew. If additional fuel is required, the fuel truck shall be recalled;
On flights limited by performance, OCC shall inform Maintenance of the calculated block fuel minus 3,000 kg, and ask to keep the fuel truck connected. The fuel truck will be released after the flight crew has determined the final fuel and after they have checked the fuel forms and the actual fuel on board.


Procedures related to infant seating.

If the infant does not have an approved infant safety seat, when the seat belt sign is illuminated, the infant shall be held by an adult with the seat belt fastened around the adult only.
Bassinets are limited to carrying 18 kg may be installed only after the seat belt sign has been switched off after take-off and shall be dismantled before landing.
Two infants may not be seated in the same set of seats unless an additional unit is installed.


Extended Overwater Operations definition

a distance greater than 120 minutes flight time or 400 NM from land suitable for an emergency landing (the shorter of the two).


Rules for escorting persons under custody/deportees

Only one person under custody defined as a high risk shall be allowed on the flight. For high risk persons, at least two escorting officials shall be required and they shall not escort another person under custody on the same flight. For persons under custody not defined as high risk, only one escort is required who may escort up to 2 persons under custody.
Seat allocation for the deportee and the escort shall be the last row of the cabin and shall not be located near a galley nor next to or opposite an exit; The escort shall be seated between the deportee and the aisle (no clear passage of the deportee to an aisle).


Procedures regarding transportation of live animals in the cabin.

1. Only cats, dogs and birds are allowed.
2. With the exception of guide/service animals (including emotional support animals) – up to 2 small live puppies or kittens may be carried in the cabin in the same bag/basket/kennel provided the total weight does not exceed 8 kg;
3. The pet shall stay in the container/bag for the duration of the flight.
4. Service/guide dog shall not seat at an emergency exit row seat.


Procedures regarding pets in the cargo bays.

Animals which are natural enemies shall not be loaded in close proximity to each other;
Male and female animals should be stowed as far apart as possible;
In general, live animals shall not be loaded in close proximity to any other load which might have a negative effect on their wellbeing or health.


Human Remains loading procedures.

Human remains shall be contained in a hermetically sealed inner coffin of lead or zinc inside a wooden coffin.
human remains shall not be loaded in the same hold as animals or a hold that contains food for human or animal consumption.
Connection to the gate at Ben Gurion airport shall be delayed until the human remains are removed from the aircraft.


What is the procedure regarding Opening a door after all doors are closed?

The PIC shall notify ground crew which door is required to be opened and shall give the ISM approval to open a single door after confirming that the slide is not armed.
The ISM shall be one of the crew members opening and closing the door;


When does the holdover time begin?

During the one-step procedure, holdover time begins at the commencement of de/anti-icing, whereas with the two-step procedure, holdover time begins with application of the final (anti-icing) step.


What is the difference between Pre-Take-off Check and Pre-Take-off Contamination Check?

Pre Takeoff check shall assess whether the applied holdover time is still appropriate. It is done from the flight deck.
Pre Takeoff Contamination check shall be performed when the condition of the critical surfaces of the aircraft cannot be effectively assessed by a pre-take-off check or when the applied holdover time has been exceeded. It is done from the cabin.


During which Wx conditions Takeoff is prohibited?

Take-off is prohibited if any of the following conditions exist:
1. Snow, ice or frost deposits are adhering to the wings, control surfaces or engines of the aircraft;
2. Heavy fall of wet snow with ambient temperature around the freezing point.
Takeoffs are not recommended when slush, wet snow, or standing water depth is more than 1/2 inch (13 mm) or dry snow depth is more than 4 inches (102 mm).
(FCOM SP 16)


Is it allowed to do 'local area’ de-icing? Under which conditions?
Where can we find the holdover time for this procedure?

It is allowed when no precipitation is falling or expected,
The affected area(s) should be sprayed with a heated fluid/water mixture suitable for a one step procedure.
The same area(s) on the other side of the aircraft shall be treated identically.
Holdover times do not apply.