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Flashcards in GSG Chapter 7 Deck (16):
1

Six established models of family therapy

Psychodynamic
Transgenerational
Experiential-Humanistic
Structural
Strategic
Behavioral &a Cognitive

2

Psychoanalytic

Family provides context in which neurotic fears and anxieties develop
Intrapsychic restructuring not interpersonal
One member of a family is seen at a time (Freud)

3

Adlerian Family Therapy

- Emphasized importance of social factors including family (not unconscious drives)
- promote changes in indiv and fam
- wanted to increase goals and skills and help problem solve and conflict resolution
- encouragement used to help family challenge misdirected goals

4

Sullivan

- Psychoanalytically trained (but more aligned with psychodynamic)
- Focus on interpersonal relationships within family and with outsiders in personality development
- emphasized mother child dyad (like object relations talked about good me bad me not me)
- unlike Freud he viewed himself as participant observer

5

FIVE psychoanalytic perspectives

Classic psychoanalytic drive
Object relations theory
Self psychology theory
Theory of intersubjectivity
Relational psychoanalytic theory

6

Adlerian Family Therapy

Emphasized social factors (not drive theory)
Holistic view of people
Used encouragement
Birth order/siblings rivalry helped fam theory develop

7

Harry Stack Sullivan

Stressed role of interpersonal relationships and redundant family patterns
Viewed himself as participant observer

8

Focal family therapy

Bentovim
Looking for family disturbances i.e. Trauma

9

Ackerman' Foundational Approach

- GRANDFATHER of family therapy!!!
- Psychoanalytically trained
- Thought of family as dynamic SOCIAL UNIT
- First therapist to experiment with whole fam treatment
- family therapist moves into LIVING SPACE of family

10

Failure of complimentarity

When family interactions and roles are too narrowly/rigidly defined change and growth becomes constricted

11

Melanie Klein

Foundation for object relations theory
Infants need for attachment to mother is foundation of self
Drives are directed at objects

12

Splitting

Fairbairn
Child internalizes good mom and bad mom can't see her as whole objected
Resolution of splitting determines functioning

13

Projective Identification

Ex: my cruel impulses don't fit with my good self image so I see stranger as inherently cruel. I can thus continue seeing myself as kind.

Other is unconsciously manipulated to believe in accordance with these projections

14

Holding environment

Object relations theory
Safe and nurturing environment provided by mom to help her child develop

15

James Framo

- People usually do not select partner they want they get the one they need
- couples bring unresolved issues from fam of origin
- conjoint therapy then couples therapy than family of origin conferences

16

Kohut

SELF PSYCHOLOGY - emphasizes relationship between self and outside object as defining organizational principle of human life

SELFOBJECT - child originally experiences mom as selfobject. This is sense of oneself in relation to another. Needed throughout life