GSG Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GSG Chapter 1 Deck (21):

What is a family?

Natural sustained social system with
1) rules
2) roles
3) power structure
4) forms of communication (overt & covert)
5) ways of negotiating & problem solving


Enabled family system

Balances needs of family system and individual
Invent procedures to satisfy conflicts


Disabled family system

Members do less or prevail at expense of family member



Family interactive patterns

Nonverbal patterns are coded transactions that transmit family rules

Rituals (i.e. Holidays) help families adapt to change and affirm group identity


Family narrative

Justifies structure and patterns
There is no true reality just the family's agreed upon construction and story


Key processes in family resiliency:

1) Consistent & positive belief system
2) Family's organizational process that provides shock absorbers to stress
3) Set of family communication/problem-solving processes


Family resiliency

Developmental process unique to each family

Enables family to create responses to stress

Resiliency construct asks therapist to focus on family strength and resources


When was family therapy developed?



Clinicians with a family relational view look at...

Transaction patterns


Clinicians with a systems outlook look at...

What occurs
How it occurs
(Rather than just why)


Two views of dysfunctional behavior

1) Pathology as internal, property of a single person/monad

2) pathology is a reflection of flawed behaviors in a dyad/triad



- 1940s
- Norbert Weiner coined term
- study of communication in reference to regulation and control through operation of feedback mechanisms


Gregory Bateson

- brought cybernetics to social & behavioral sciences

- family is a cybernetic system b/c uses self regulating feedback mechanisms to maintain balance and constancy

- created double-bind theory of schizophrenia (schizophrenia isn't intrapsychic but relationship phenomenon)


Reciprocal determinism

- Focus on process (not content)
- Process is circular causality
- Forces move in many directions simultaneously not one event being caused by another
- Problems aren't caused by past but by ongoing current processes


Postmodernist constructivist perspective

Families tell themselves stories and develop beliefs. These stories shape lives


Second order cybernetics

- edited cybernetic theory
- Insists there is no outside independent observer of system, anyone attempting to understand is a participant (therapist)
- family and therapist create new narrative and edit pathology


Identified patient

Family member with presenting problem


Early family therapists believe that IP

- Was expressing family's disequilibrium
- looked from systems perspective
- IP's symptoms represent stabilizing devices used to relieve stress in family


Family therapy pioneers such Minuchin saw IP behavior as...

- Reaction to family under stress & unable to deal with stress
- All family members are equally symptomatic
- IP's symptoms are rooted in dysfunctional family interactions. When family can't respond to change symptomatic behavior is maintained


Watzlawick, Weakland, Fish viewed IP behavior as

Repeated use of same flawed solutions rather than sign of family dysfunction
Problems maintained because using flawed solutions repeatedly


Postmodern family therapists

Believe therapist is implicated in work of therapy
Need to rewrite stories