Guyton Ch71 Liver; Hughes 2020 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Guyton Ch71 Liver; Hughes 2020 Deck (5)
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1

Which of the following is a TRUE property of the liver?

a. The liver has low blood flow and high vascular resistance

b. The liver is a rigid organ and preferentially fractures if there is any backpressure into the organ

c. Liver “sweating” can lead to ascites secondary to increased vena caval pressure

d. Hepatocyte growth factor inhibits liver cell proliferation while transforming growth factor-beta causes liver cell division and growth

Which of the following is a TRUE property of the liver?

a. The liver has low blood flow and high vascular resistance

b. The liver is a rigid organ and preferentially fractures if there is any backpressure into the organ

c. Liver “sweating” can lead to ascites secondary to increased vena caval pressure

d. Hepatocyte growth factor inhibits liver cell proliferation while transforming growth factor-beta causes liver cell division and growth

C

2

True or False?

Kupffer cells, while excellent at blood-cleansing, require prolonged contact with the portal blood in order to remove any bacteria present.

True or False?

Kupffer cells, while excellent at blood-cleansing, require prolonged contact with the portal blood in order to remove any bacteria present.

FALSE! Happens very quickly.

3

What are the other metabolic functions of the liver?

What are the other metabolic functions of the liver?

4

When differentiating obstructive from hemolytic jaundice, which of the following is true?

a. With obstructive jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is unconjugated vs with hemolytic jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is conjugated

b. With obstructive jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is conjugated vs with hemolytic jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is unconjugated

c. In hemolytic jaundice, the rate of urobilinogen formation in the intestine is greatly decreased and can’t be absorbed into blood

d. In obstructive jaundice, bilirubin is produced at an excessive rate that exceeds the liver’s ability for excretion

When differentiating obstructive from hemolytic jaundice, which of the following is true?

a. With obstructive jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is unconjugated vs with hemolytic jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is conjugated

b. With obstructive jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is conjugated vs with hemolytic jaundice, almost all the bilirubin is unconjugated

c. In hemolytic jaundice, the rate of urobilinogen formation in the intestine is greatly decreased and can’t be absorbed into blood

d. In obstructive jaundice, bilirubin is produced at an excessive rate that exceeds the liver’s ability for excretion

5

True or False?

Regeneration occurs rapidly and to great extent in the liver

True or False?

Regeneration occurs rapidly and to great extent in the liver