Flashcards in GYN 2 Deck (77)
What is milky nipple discharge a sign of?
galactorrhea, can be normal, drug related, thyroid related, or due to prolactinoma
What is bloody nipple discharge a sign of?
What is greenish/brown nipple discharge a sign of?
mammary duct ectasia
What is purulent nipple discharge a sign of?
What is the most common "painful" breast mass for women less than 50?
What is the most common breast mass?
Who is intraductal papilloma commonly found in?
perimenopausal and menopausal patients
What are the characteristics of mastitis?
sudden onset of fever, localized pain, and swelling
What is the most common cause of mastiti?
When do the most aggressive breast cancers occur?
less than 40 years old
When do most breast cancer cases occur?
greater than 50 years old
What gene is associated with nearly half of early-onset breast cancer?
What are the 3 categories of breast cancer malignancies?
ductal, nipple, lobular
What is the most common breast cancer?
invasive ductal carcinoma
What is the most common organism to cause bacterial vaginosis?
What is the color of the discharge of candidiasis?
thick, "cottage cheese" curdy, white
What is the pH of candidiasis?
Is the amine odor with KOH of candidiasis positive or negative?
What does the wet mount of candidiasis show?
WBC, spores, pseudohyphae
What is the color of the discharge of trichomoniasis?
frothy, green/yellow discharge
What is the pH of trichomoniasis?
Is the amine odor with KOH of trichomoniasis positive or negative?
What does the wet mount of trichomoniasis show?
WBC, motile trichomonads
What does the cervix look like with trichomoniasis?
petechia or strawberry patches
What is the color of the discharge of bacterial vaginosis?
thin, white/grey discharge
What is the pH of bacterial vaginosis?
Is the amine odor with KOH of bacterial vaginosis positive or negative?
positive - "fishy smell"
What does the wet mount of bacterial vaginosis show?
few WBCs, clue cells
What is the most common complaint for someone with vulvar cancer?