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Peds Midterm > Hand Skills > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hand Skills Deck (44):
1

Swiping/batting begins in what age range?

0-2 mo.

2

Midline orientation of the hands begins at what age?

3 mo.

3

Symmetrical bilateral reaching begins in what age range?

4-6 mo.

4

Unilateral Reaching/crossing midline, more coordinated reaching begins when?

6 mo.

5

Humeral, scapular, clavicular mobility begins in what age range? Thoracic extension and scapular mobility, Scapular & humerus working together, Stability and freedom of humerus within the glenoid fossa.

(3-6 months,)

6

What are the requirements of mature/efficient reach?

Humeral, scapular, clavicular mobility (3-6 months,) Thoracic extension and scapular mobility, Scapular & humerus working together, Stability and freedom of humerus within the glenoid fossa.

7

What are the components of reach

Dynamic elbow control (5 mo.,) Forearm rotation (4-5 mo.,) Wrist control (4-5 mo.,) Sensory integration of vision and proprioception.
INITIAL STAGES of reach rely on vision,

8

INITIAL STAGES of reach rely on ____

vision

9

LATER STAGES of reach rely more on.

proprioception

10

Grasp develops from _____ to _____

proximal to distal

11

Prerequisites for Grasp Development

Wrist and MCP joint stability- wrist extension and stability are important
Hand side differentiation
Sensory awareness and discrimination
Cognition/interest in objects

12

One primitive reaction related to grasp is called the

Traction Response: 0-4/5 months

13

The traction response begins during which age range?

0-4/5 months

14

The stimulus for the traction response is what?

Grasping the forearms and pulling the infant from supine to sitting

15

The response for the traction response is what?

Strong flexion throughout the upper extremity

16

Another primitive reaction related to grasp is the ___ reflex

grasp

17

The grasp reflex begins in which age range

0-4/5 mo.

18

The stimulus for the grasp reflex is?

Tactile input to the palm

19

The response for the grasp reflex is?

Closing fingers on the object placed in the palm

20

Name two transitional reactions

Orienting response, instinctive grasp reaction

21

The orienting response begins during what age range?

4/5 months-8/10 months

22

The stimulus for the orienting response is a touch to the ____,____, or _____side of the hand

Medial, radial, or ulnar

23

The orienting response to touch of the medial and radial side of the hand results in _____

Supination

24

The orienting response to touch of the ulnar side of the hand results in _____

Pronation

25

The instinctive grasp reaction begins during what age range?

4/5 mo-8/10 mo.

26

The stimulus for the instinctive grasp reaction is?

Stationary or moving light touch along the radial or ulnar side

27

Th response for instinctive grasp reaction is?

Supination, groping, following object

28

In the Sequential Development of Grasp Patterns, grip from Newborn to 6 months is characterized by ___ domination

Reflex

29

At age 6 mo., grip is characterized by

palmar grasp-radial palmar/superior palmar (thumb becomes more active)

30

At age 6-9 mo., grip is characterized by

Raking/active thumb use

31

At age 8-9 mo., grip is characterized by

Three point prehension/radial digital, scissors grasp, and inferior forefinger

32

At age 9-12/15 mo., grip is characterized by

Refinement of two point prehension, inferior pincer, neat/superior pincer.

33

At age 18 mo.-3 y., grip is characterized by

Variety of grasps with control

34

At age 3-7 years old, grip is characterized by

Grading of activies, improved motor control, etc.

35

In the Sequential development of release, release from Newborn through infancy is characterized by the?

Avoiding reaction

36

Describe release during 0-6 mo.

Accidental release

37

Describe release during 5/6 mo

Purposeful release begins

38

Describe release during 9-12 mo

Transfer of objects, Casting toys

39

Describe release during 24 mo-5 y

Refinement, smaller objects in space

40

Describe in-hand manipulation for 12-15 mo:

Finger to palm translation

41

Describe in-hand manipulation for 2-2.5 years:

Palm-finger translation, simple rotation, finger to palm translation with stablitization

42

Describe in-hand manipulation for 3-5.5

Complex rotation, shift, palm to finger translation with stabilization

43

Describe in-hand manipulation for 6-7 years

Combinations, complex rotation with stabilization

44

Describe in-hand manipulation for 8+ years

refinement, consistency, speed, accuracy