Hardware components Flashcards Preview

IT Fundamentals > Hardware components > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hardware components Deck (14)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

CPU (Central Processing Unit)

A

executes software instructions

2
Q

PSU (Power SUpply)

A

general purpose electric current -> direct current for the computer components

3
Q

RAM (Random Access Memory)

A

directly accessible by CPU

stores currently executing program and data

4
Q

Optical Drive

A

Data storage devices

Use rapidly rotating discs coatet with reflective material and read using a lazer diode

5
Q

HDD

A

Data storage devices

Use rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material

6
Q

SSD (Solid State Drive)

A

Use integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data

7
Q

Video card (Graphics card)

A

Process the graphics output from the motherboard and transmit it to the display

8
Q

Audio card (Sound Card)

A

Audio input & output

9
Q

NIC (Network Interface Controller, network adapter, LAN adapter)

A

Connects a computer to a computer network

10
Q

Modem (modulator-demodulator)

A

Modulates signal to encode or decode transmitted digital information

11
Q

Motherboard (system board, main board)

A

primary circuit board, system components plus into it

12
Q

System cooling (Case, CPU or liquid cooling)

A

Removes waste heat

13
Q

Liquid cooling

A

Heat conductor - most often water

14
Q

BIOS

A

Initializes system hardware components

loads an OS from a mass storage device