HD 202 E3 Samplex 2017 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HD 202 E3 Samplex 2017 Deck (29)
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1

Measurement of the waist-hip ratio is done in this position

A. Position A
B. Position B
C. Position C
D. Position D

C

2

Correct order of doing the abdominal examination

A. Inspection, auscultation, percussion, palpation
B. Inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation
C. Auscultation, inspection, palpation, percussion
D. Palpation, inspection, auscultation, percussion

A

3

Examination of the ear is done by pulling it

A. Forward, downward, outward
B. Upward, backward, outward
C. Outward, forward, upward
D. Backward, outward, downward

B

4

The lymph nodes found on the borders of the clavicle and the sternocleidomastoids are

A. Axillary nodes
B. Celiac nodes
C. Supraclavicular Nodes
D. Cervical nodes

C

5

Percussion of the Traube’s space allows one to evaluate the

A. Lungs
B. Heart
C. Liver
D. Spleen

D

6

True of active aging:

A. Life expectancy increases; active life expectancy declines
B. Older women spend more years in a state of frailty than men
C. something about healthy lifestyle
D. All of the above

D

7

The quality of life is defined, according to WHO, as:

A. Individual’s perception of their position in life
B. Based on his goals, expectations, standards and concerns
C. In the context of the culture and value systems in which he lives
D. All of the above

D

8

Hallmark of aging is

A. Homogeneity throughout the life span
B. Physiologic
C. How the organism adapts to external stress
D. Resting level of performance

C

9

Senescence is

A. Associated with the increased probability of dying related to a function of time
B. Decline of survival rate which begins at 60
C. Encompasses the whole aging process
D. Direct cause of death

A

10

Top leading causes of death for persons 65 years old and above in the Philippines

A. Cancer, diabetes, heart disease
B. Heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease
C. Pneumonia, influenza, diabetes
D. Accidents, diabetes, COPD

B

11

Which kind of memory is impaired in older persons?

A. Semantic memory
B. Procedural memory
C. Episodic memory
D. All of the above

C

12

True of the physiologic visual changes in older patients except

A. Decreased opacity of the lenses
B. Cross-linking of collagen fibers in the lens
C. Loss of lens elasticity leading to loss of accommodation
D. Lower visual acuity

A

13

The following are changes in the respiratory system which impair the elderly person’s physical activity:

A. Atrophy of the respiratory muscles
B. Increased work of breathing
C. Airways and lung tissue become less elastic with reduced ciliary activity
D. AOTA

D

14

Which of the following statements about the musculature of an older person is false:

A. Generalized atrophying of all muscles
B. Smooth muscle is spared from age related atrophy.
C. Physical exercise tempers the extent of the changes

B

15

Malnutrition is a common problem in the elderly and is caused by the following except

A. Decreased secretion of HCl and digestive enzymes
B. Delayed emptying of the stomach and impaired swallowing
C. Decreased absorption of vitamins
D. NOTA

D

16

Which theory is supported by the death of Pacific salmon shortly after spawning due to adrenal hyperplasia and glucocorticoid toxicity?

A. Somatic Mutation theory
B. Biological clock/pacemaker theory
C. Rate of Living theory
D. Metabolic theory

B

17

The following introduce somatic mutation via oxygen free radicals except:

A. Ionizing radiation
B. Smoke
C. Infrared light
D. Air pollution

D

18

An early consequence of early estrogen deficiency include the following except:

A. Dyspareunia
B. Insomnia
C. Hot flushes
D. Psychological symptoms

A

19

Which form of estrogen is predominant in menopausal women?

A. Estrone
B. Estradiol
C. Estriol
D. All forms of estrogen are secreted equally.

A

20

Active testosterone accounts for how many percent of the total testosterone in the body?

A. 50%
B. 10%
C. 5%
D. 2%

D

21

Metabolic syndrome consists of central obesity and any two of the following except

A. Raised triglycerides
B. Elevated liver enzymes
C. Increased fasting glucose
D. Hypertension

B

22

Which one has the longest half-life?

A. Sildenafil
B. Tadalafil
C. Vardenafil

B

23

Refers to challenges - constellations of symptoms - faced by the elderly on a day-to-day basis which cannot be detected by evaluation:

A. Geriatric syndromes
B. Parsimony of diseases
C. Age-related diseases
D. Functional decline

A

24

Cheynes-Stokes respiration

A. Irregular and deep breathing
B. Irregular and shallow breathing
C. Regular and rapid breathing
D. Regular and slow breathing

B

25

[Stage of Grief] A 45-year old was diagnosed with lung cancer. The doctor advised him to come back. Three weeks passed and the patient still has not returned to the doctor

Denial

26

[Stage of Grief] A wife donates her late husband’s clothes so that other people may be able to benefit from it

Acceptance

27

[Stage of Grief] Suddenly waking up and crying

Depression

28

[Stage of Grief] A mother tells her daughter that if she finishes her food she will take her to Disneyland. The daughter gets frustrated and angry.

Bargaining

29

[Stage of Grief] A woman refuses to go to her relatives’ house because she believes her dog died from eating rat poison.

Anger