Head and Neck Fill-in-the-blanks Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Head and Neck Fill-in-the-blanks Deck (60)
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1

The _____ nerve (a motor nerve) traverses the occipital triangle, a subdivision of the posterior triangle of the neck

accessory

2

The platysma muscle is innervated by the _____ branch of the _____ nerve.

Cervical, facial

3

The superior and inferior labial arteries are both direct branches of the _____

facial artery

4

Abduction, depression, and intorsion of the eye are all functions of the _____ muscle

superior oblique

5

Protrusion of the _____ is a function of the genioglossus muscle

tongue

6

_____ veins are located in the sub arachnoid space surroudn the brain

superficial cerebral

7

the nerve of the pterygoid canal enters the _____ fossa by traversing the pterygoid canal

pterygopalatine

8

The greater petrosal nerve is the parasympathetic root of the _____ ganglion

pterygopalatine

9

The _____ reflex tests the sensory function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the vagus nerve

gag

10

the venous drainage of the scalp and the superior sagitttal sinus are interconnected through a series of the _____ veins

emissary

11

the _____ dural venous sins is postioned along the attached margin of the tentorium cerebelli

traverse

12

The branches of the _____ artery are typically positioned medial to the pterion

middle meningeal

13

the _____ muscle enters the pharynx by passing between the superior and middle constrictor muscles

stylopharyngeus

14

the _____ incisors are typically innervated by the antior superior laveolar nerves

upper

15

the laryngeal mucosa _____ to the vocal folds is innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve

inferior

16

the posterior division of the _____ and the posterior auricular veins are the two primary tributaries of the

retromandibular

17

as it emerges from the interpeduncular fossa, the _____ nerve typically passes between the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries

oculomotor

18

the meningeal branch of the mandubular nerve re-enters the skull by traversing the _____

foramen spinosum

19

the glossopharyngeal vagus and accessory nerves all exit the _____ fossa by traversing the ______ foramen

posterior cranial fossa, jugular

20

the prevertebral fascia of the neck is continuous with the ______ sheath o fthe upper extremity

axillary

21

the anterior longitudinal ligament of the spine maybe torn during a severe _____ (movement) of the neck

hyperextension

22

the _____ nerve traverses the cavernous sinus adjacent to the _____ artery

abducens, internal carotid

23

the hypoglossal nerve emerges from the ______ between the pyramid and the _____

medulla, olive

24

the _____ veins interconnect the venous drainage of the face and orbit with the cavernous sinus

ophthalmic

25

The _____ lacrimal and trocheal nerves all traverse the superior orbital fissure superior to the annular (common tendinous) ring

frontal

26

the superior oblique muscle of the eye receives its sensory innervation from the branches of the _____ nerve

ophthalmic

27

the inferior alveolar artery is typically a direct branch of the _____ artery

maxillary

28

the ______ nerve, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve, passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and posterior to the neck of the mandible

auriculotemporal

29

the satpedius muscle attaches in part to the _____ (ossicle) and is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve

stapes

30

the subment branch of the _____ artery typically anastomoses (directly) with the _____ branch of the lingual artery.

facial, sublingual

31

the obliquus capitis inferior muscle attaches in part to the _____ of the atlas and functions in ipsilateral rotation of the head

transverse process

32

the _____ reflex tests the parasympathetic motor function of the IIIrd cranial nerve

pupillary

33

the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle is the only _____ (movement) of the vocal folds

abductor

34

the mylohyoid muscle forms the floor of the ______ cavity

oral

35

the _____ nerve provides sensory innervation to the molars of the lower jaw

inferior alveolar

36

the upper compartment of the TMJ is classified (synovial) as a ______ joint

gliding (plane)

37

the muscles of mastication are derived from the _____ pharyngeal (branchial) arch

first (mandibular)

38

the carotid sheath surrounds the carotid artery, internal jugular vein and _____ nerve

vagus

39

the subclavian vein typically passes directly anterior to the ______ muscle

anterior scalene

40

the _____ muscle extends from vertebral body to vertebral body and functions in the flexion of the neck

longus colli

41

the _____ with its associated tympanic plexus is located in the medial wall of the middle ear

promontory

42

the cell bodies of the post ganglionic parasympathetic neurons innervated the _____ gland are located in the otic ganglion

parotid

43

the _____ reflex tests the sensory function of the Vth cranial nerve and the motor function of the VIIth cranial nerve

corneal (blink)

44

the _____ muscle functions to elevate the larynx and is innervated by a branch of the ventral ramus C1.

thyrohyoid or geniohyoid

45

the _____ traverse the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae

vertebral artery (and vein)

46

the tectorial membrane is continuous with the ______ ligament of the vertebral column

posterior longitudinal

47

the sphenoid sinus typically drains into the _____ of the nasal cavity

sphenoethmoidal recess

48

the _____ nodes typically receive the direct lymphatic drainage of the skin overlying to superior attachment of the trapezius muscle

occipital

49

the ____ muscle extends form the spinous process of the axis to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus _____

rectus capitis posterior major, C1

50

the _____ and the ramus of the mandible form the lateral boundary of the infratemporal fossa

zygomatic arch

51

proximal to the superior orbital fissure, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the _____ sinus

cavernous

52

the medial and lateral pterygoid muscles function during the side-to-side grinding motion of the _____

mandible

53

the ______ lyph nodes are typically positioned adjacent t othe internal jugular vein

deep cercical

54

the _____ muscle receives its motor innervation from the temporal and zygomatic branches of the facial nerve

orbicularis oculi

55

the nasalis muscle actively contracts during _____ of the nostrils. the facial nerve is closely associated with the ______ wall of the middle ear.

flaring, posterior

56

the temporalis, masseter and medial pterygoid muscles all function to _____ (movement) of the mandible

elevate

57

the _____ membrane is continuous with the posterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column

tectorial

58

the buccopharyngeal fascia is continous with the _____ fascia of the neck.

pretracheal

59

the _____ nerve innervates tall the muscles of the palate except for the tensor palatini

vagus (pharyngeal branch)

60

the _____ and _____ communicate through the auditory tube

nasal pharynx, middle ear