Head Vasculature Test #3 10/11/16 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy HFF > Head Vasculature Test #3 10/11/16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Head Vasculature Test #3 10/11/16 Deck (104):
1

What vein of the face drains into the angular vein?

Facial

2

Where does the angular vein drain into?

Opthalmic vein

3

What does the opthalmic vein drain into?

Cavernous sinus

4

What connects the superior sagittal sinus and the inferior sagittal sinus?

The straight sinus

5

What is it called when the superior sagittal sinus meets with the transverse sinus and the straight sinus?

Confluence of sinus

6

What drains the cavernous sinus?

-Superior petrosal sinus
-Inferior petrosal sinus

7

Where does the superior petrosal sinus drain into?

Sigmoid sinus

8

Where does the inferior petrosal sinus drain into?

Internal juguar

9

What pokes into the superior sagittal sinus?

Arachnoid villi/granulations

10

What is the fissure that separates the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex?

Longitudinal fissure

11

What separates the parietal lobe from the temporal lobe?

Sylvian fissure

12

T/F
Jugular venous pressure/pulse can indicate heart problems

True

13

What CN sits just in front of the cavernous sinus?

CN II Optic nerve

14

What are the four regions of the internal carotid artery?

-Cerebral
-Cavernous
-Petrous
-Cervical

15

What two arteries branch off of the internal carotid?

-Artery of the pterygoid canal
-Opthalmic artery

16

What does the opthalmic artery serve?

-All parts of the orbit
-Ethmoid bone
-Superficial face

17

What parts of the orbit does the opthalmic artery serve?

-Retina
-Extraocular muscles
-Lacrimal gland

18

What superficial parts of the face does the opthalmic artery serve?

-Dorsal nasal
-Frontal (supratrochlear)
-Supraorbital

19

Where can the superior thyroid artery anastomose?

Contralateral with thyroid artery and inferior thyroid artery

20

What are the 4 branches off of the superior thyroid artery?

-Superior laryngeal
-Cricothyroid
-Hyoid
-SCM

21

Where triangle does the superior thyroid artery start in?

Carotid

22

What does the superior thyroid artery supply?

-Anterior strap muscles
-Superior laryngeal
-cricothyroid
-Hyoid
-SCM

23

What are the three branches of the ascending pharyngeal artery?

-Pharyngeal
-Meningeal
-Tympanic

24

Where does the ascending pharyngeal artery serve?

-Pharyngeal constrictors
-Stylopharyngeus
-Soft palate
-Auditory tube
-Palatine tonsil
-All soft palate muscles (except levator veli palatini)
-Mininges (middle meningeal artery)
-Middle Ear

25

What are the three branches of the lingual artery?

-Dorsal lingual
-Deep lingual
-Sublingual

26

What does the sublingual branch of the lingual artery serve?

-Tongue
-Palatine tonsil
-Sublingual gland

27

What does the dorsal branch of the lingual artery serve?

-Posterior tongue
-Tonsils

28

What does the deep branch of the lingual artery serve?

-Anterior tongue

29

What are the five branches of the Facial artery?

-Tonsillar
-Superior labial
-Inferior labial
-Lateral nasal
-Angular

30

Where does the facial artery emerge around the mandible?

-Over the mandible

31

What does the facial artery anastomose with?

Opthalmic artery via angular branch

32

What does the tonsillar branch of the facial artery serve?

-Palatine tonsils

33

What does the Labial branches of the facial artery serve?

-External surface of lips

34

What does the lateral nasal branch of the facial artery serve?

-Dorsal and lateral surface of nose

35

What does the Angular branch of the facial artery serve?

-External medial orbit

36

T/F
The facial artery serves the muscles of facial expression

True

37

What are the four branches of the superficial temporal artery?

-Transverse facial
-Frontal
-Parietal
-Zygomatic/Orbital

38

What artery can you feel a pulse superior to zygomatic arch and anterior to the ear?

-Superficial temporal artery

39

What does the Transverse branch of the superficial temporal artery serve?

-Parotid gland
-Facial muscles
-Masseter
-Temporalis

40

What does the zygomatic branch of the superficial temporal artery serve?

-Skin
-Muscles towards orbits

41

What does the frontal branch of the superficial temporal artery serve?

-Skin and muscles over frontal bone

42

What does the parietal branch of the superficial temporal artery serve?

-Skin
-Superior auricular muscle

43

What two main arteries from the external carotid supply the muscles of facial expression?

-Facial
-Superior Thyroid

44

What are the four branches of the occipital artery?

-SCM
-Auricular
-Meningeal
-Descending

45

What triangle does the occipital artery start in?

Carotid triangle

46

What does the SCM branch of the occipital artery serve?

-SCM

47

What does the Auricular branch of the occipital artery serve?

Posterior aspect of ear

48

What does the meningeal branch of the occipital artery serve?

-Posterior dura and cranial bones

49

What does the descending branch of the occipital artery serve?

-Suboccipital and deep back muscles of the neck

50

What can the descending branch of the occipital artery anastomoses with?

Transverse cervical and vertebral arteries

51

Where does the posterior auricular artery serve?

-Scalp
-Posterior ear

52

What are the three parts of the maxillary artery?

-Mandibular
-Pterygoid
-Pterygopalatine

53

What general places does the mandibular part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Ear
-Mandible

54

What general places does the pterygoid part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Muscles of mastication

55

What general places does the pterygopalatine part of the maxilary artery serve?

-Maxilla
-Palate
-Nasal

56

What part of the maxillary artery does the inferior alveolar artery come off of?

-Mandibular part

57

What part of the maxillary artery does the anterior tympanic artery come off of?

-Mandibular part

58

What part of the maxillary artery does the masseteric artery come off of?

-Pterygoid part

59

What part of the maxillary artery does the deep temporal artery come off of?

-Pterygoid part

60

What part of the maxillary artery does the deep auricular artery come off of?

-Mandibular part

61

What part of the maxillary artery does the lateral pterygoid artery come off of?

-Pterygoid part

62

What part of the maxillary artery does the middle meningeal artery come off of?

-Mandibular part

63

What part of the maxillary artery does the accessory meningeal artery come off of?

-Mandibular part

64

What part of the maxillary artery does the posterior superior alveolar artery come off of?

-Pterygopalatine

65

What part of the maxillary artery does the medial pterygoid come off of?

Pterygoid part

66

What part of the maxillary artery does the infraorbital artery come of of?

-Pterygopalatine

67

What part of the maxillary artery does the buccal artery come off of?

-Pterygoid part

68

What part of the maxillary artery does the descending palatine artery come off of?

-Pterygopalatine

69

What part of the maxillary artery does the sphenopalatine artery come off of?

-Pterygopalatine

70

What arteries come off of the mandibular part of the maxillary branch?

-Inferior alveolar
-Anterior tympanic
-Deep auricular
-Middle meningeal
-Accessory meningeal

71

What arteries come off of the pterygoid part of the maxillary branch of the external carotid artery?

-Masseteric
-Deep Temporal
-Lateral pterygoid
-Medial pterygoid
-Buccal

72

What arteries come off of the pterygopalatine part of the maxillary artery of the external carotid artery?

-Posterior superior alveolar
-Infraorbital
-Descending palatine
-Sphenopalatine
-Artery of the pterygoid canal
-Pharyngeal artery

73

What arteries serve the nasal wall and septum?

-ICA (opthalmic-Ant. and Post. Ethmoidal)
-ECA -(Maxillary-sphenopalatine - post septal and nasal)

74

What is Kiesselbach's area?

-Anastomoses of four arteries

75

What are the four arteries that anastomoses in kiesselbach's area?

-Ethmoidal (opthalmic)
-Septal (Maxillary)
-Gr. Palatine (Maxillary)
-Superior labial (Facial)

76

What branches off of the inferior alveolar artery of the mandibular part of the maxillary artery?

-Lingual
-Mylohyoid
-Incisive
-Mental

77

What does the lingual branch of the inferior alveolar artery of the mandibular portion of the maxillary artery serve?

-Lingual mucous membrane

78

What does the mylohyoid branch of the inferior alveolar artery of the mandibular part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Mylohyoid

79

What does the incisive branch of the inferior alveolar artery of the mandibular part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Mandibular incisors

80

What does the mental branch of the inferior alveolar artery of the mandibular part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Chin

81

What does the anterior tympanic artery of the mandibular party of the maxillary artery serve?

-Middle ear

82

What does the deep auricular artery of the mandibular part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Lateral tympanic membrane
-Skin of external acoustic meatus

83

What does the middle meningeal artery of the mandibular part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Bones of the cranial vault
-Dura of anterior and middle cranial fossae

84

What does the accessory meningeal artery of the mandibular part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Medial and lateral pterygoid
-Tensor veli palatini
-Sphenoid bone
-Trigeminal ganglion
-Dura

85

The deep auricular artery gives off a branch to what part of the body?

Temporomandibular joint

86

What does the masseteric artery of the pterygoid part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Masseter
-TMJ

87

What does the Deep temporal artery of the pterygoid part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Temporalis

88

What does the lateral pterygoid artery of the pterygoid part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Lateral pterygoid

89

What does the medial pterygoid artery of the pterygoid part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Medial pterygoid

90

What does the buccal artery of the pterygoid part of the maxillary artery serve?

Buccal mucosa
-skin
-Buccinator

91

What does the posterior superior alveolar artery of the pterygopalatine part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Maxillary molars and premolars
-maxillary sinus

92

What does the infraorbital artery of the pterygopalatine part of the maxillary artery serve?

-Cheek
-Upper lip
-nose
-lower eyelid

93

What is a branch off of the infraorbital artery?

-Anterior and middle superior alveolar arteries

94

What do the anterior and middle superior alveolar arteries serve?

-Maxillary teeth
-Maxillary sinus

95

What two arteries come off of the descending palatine artery?

-Greater palatine artery
-Lesser palatine artery

96

What does the greater palatine artery serve?

-Roof of hard palate
-Nasal cavity
-Maxillary gingiva

97

What does the lesser palatine artery serve?

-Soft palate

98

What branches come off of the sphenopalatine artery?

-Posterior lateral nasal artery
-Posterior septal branches

99

What does the posterior later nasal artery serve?

-Nasal air sinuses

100

What does the posterior septal branches serve?

-Nasal conchae
-Nasal septum

101

What part of the maxillary artery does the artery of the pterygoid canal come from?

Pterygopalatine

102

What part of the maxillary artery does the pharyngeal artery come from?

Pterygopalatine

103

Where does the artery of the ptyergoid canal serve?

-Pharyngotympanic tube
-Upper pharynx

104

Where does the pharyngeal artery serve?

-Nasopharynx
-Sphenoidal sinus