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Science for Medicine 16 > Health and Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health and Disease Deck (12):
1

Define aetiology

Cause of disease

2

Define pathogenesis

How the disease develops and progresses

3

Define signs versus symptoms

Signs - what the doctor sees
Symptoms - what the patient feels and tells you

4

Define diagnosis

Defining the nature and cause of disease or injury

5

Define prognosis

A prediction of the probable outcome of the disease or injury

6

Classification of disease (mnemonic )

GUD DIC

G - growth disorders e.g. cancer
U - unnatural (trauma, iatrogenic etc)
D - degenerative

D - developmental
I - inflammation
C - circulatory

7

WHO's definition of health

“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”

Takes into accountpublic, physical, mental, emotional, social, sexual and reproductive, spiritual

8

Basic health requirements

clean water
sewers and treatment plants
healthy and adequate diet
food hygiene
personal hygiene
affluence

9

Describe the study of pathology

The study of disease
- causes
- development
- progression
- appearances
- explains presentation
- rationale for treatment

10

Effect of disease and poor health

ill health and death
pain and suffering
disability, loss of function
anxiety
loss of employment
social and economic costs

11

Define lesions

Lesion - “the abnormality”
- macroscopic = naked eye
- microscopic = with magnification
- biochemical = at chemical level
- pathophysiological = functional

12

What is the natural history of a disease?

The natural history of disease is the course a disease takes in individual people from its pathological onset ("inception") until its eventual resolution through complete recovery or death. The inception of a disease is not a firmly defined concept.