Health- Chapter 3 and 4 Flashcards Preview

K 8th Grade > Health- Chapter 3 and 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health- Chapter 3 and 4 Deck (46):
1

adrenaline

a hormone that gives the body extra energy

2

stressor

anything that causes stress

3

emotional needs

needs that affect a person's feelings and sense of well being; to love and be loved; to make a difference/to feel worthwhile; to belong

4

resilience

the ability to bounce back from disappointment

5

self-esteem

the way you feel about yourself and how you value yourself

6

self-concept

the view you have of yourself

7

anxiety disorder

a disorder in which intense anxiety or fear keeps a person from functioning normally

8

phobia

intense and exaggerated fear of a specific situation or object

9

personality disorder

a psychological condition that affects a person's ability to interact normally with others

10

mood disorder

a disorder in which a person undergoes changes in mood that seem inappropriate or extreme

11

schizophrenia

a severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality

12

psychiatrist

a medical doctor who treats mental health problems; administers biological therapy

13

psychologist

a mental health professional who is trained and licensed by the state to perform therapy; administers talk therapy

14

PNS

Peripheral Nervous System; the nerves that connect the central nervous system to all parts of the body

15

Common cause of nervous system problems-

blow to the head

16

Nervous System

the body's message and control center

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traumatic brain injury

TBI; a condition caused by the brain being jarred and striking the inside of the skull (head injury)

18

suicide

the intentional taking of one's own life

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CNS

Central Nervous System; the brain and spinal cord

20

Therapy

an approach that teaches you different ways of thinking or behaving

21

anxiety

a state of uneasiness, usually associated with a future uncertainty

22

stress

the body's response to change

23

panic

a feeling of sudden, intense fear

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personality

the unique combination of feelings, thoughts, and behavior that makes one person different from everyone else

25

passive

a tendency to give up, give in, or back down without standing up for your rights and needs

26

aggressvie

overly forceful, pushy, hostile or otherwise attacking in approach

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GAD

Generalized Anxiety disorder; Restlessness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, irritablity, muscle tension, sleep disturbances

28

Panic Disorder

pounding heart, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, nausea, fear of losing control; anxiety disorder

29

PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder; Withdrawal or depression after a distressing experience such as sexual abuse, a natural disaster, an accident, or witnessing violence

30

OCD

Obsessive-Copulsive Disorder; a need to perform behaviors over and over again, such as hand washing, counting, hoarding, or arranging possessions

31

passive-agressive disorder

people with this condition have a hard time cooperating with others; do not like being told what to do; can become angry if they are not in control over a situation

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borderline disorder

people with this condition have trouble in close relationships with others; tend to idolize those they are in close relationships with; if a person they idolize disappoints them, they may become angry with them or hurt them; engage in high-risk behaviors; very poor self-esteem; intense fear of abandonment

33

manic-depressive

also called bipolar; mood cycles- alternating high, manic, energetic periods and low, depressed, tired periods; requires medication

34

major depression

very serious mood disorder in which people lose interest in life and can no longer find enjoyment in anything; requires medication

35

Talk therapy

therapy in which people with disabilities talk work with a psychiatrist to help their disabilities; one on one/individual, self, family, group

36

Biological Therapy

also called drug treatment therapy; involves administration of medications to correct chemical imbalances in the brain

37

SPAN USA

Suicide Prevention Action Network; teens with thoughts of suicide can contact them for help; National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center is another

38

impulses

electrical charges that carry messages or instructions from the CNS to the PNS and Back; travel at up to 248 miles per hour

39

neurons

specialized nerve cells, send and receive impulses

40

cerebrum

largest part of the brain. controls senses, movement of muscles, thinking and speech

41

cerebellum

controls balance, posture, and coordination; part of brain

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brain stem

controls important automatic body functions such as heat beat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestion

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somatic and autonomic system

parts of nervous system that deals with actions you control and those you do not

44

emotional health

how you deal with situations that do not go the way you planned; how you set/achieve goals; how you understand and cope with your feelings; how you accept constructive criticism; how you express your feelings through your words and other outlets

45

negative stressors

anything that creates stress that has a negative effect on your life; distress; creates nervous habits and sleeping and eating problems among ohters

46

positive stressors

anything that creates stress that positively affects your life; motivates you to do your best; makes you more alert; improves concentration

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