Flashcards in Language Arts-PSSA Review: The 2nd Annual Grammar Games- Final Battle Topics Deck (28):
What type of pronoun does "who" take the place of?
What type of pronoun does "whom" take the place off?
What kind of word usually follows or is used with a Subject?
What kind of word usually precedes or is used with an Object?
What are the Subject pronouns?
He, she, they, who, whoever
What are the Object pronouns?
Him, her, them, whom, whomever
What is the Drop Test?
When trying to decide whether to use "who" or "whom", drop all words before the space where who/whom would go. Then place he/him, she/her, or they/them in the spot who/whom would go. Which ever one sounds better, determine whether it is a Subject or Object and use who or whom accordingly. Note: some rearranging of the phrase may be necessary.
to have an influence on or make a change in; to act on the emotions of; touch or move; to attack or infect, as a disease
Something brought about by a cause or agent; a result; the power to produce an outcome or achieve a result; influence; advantage; avail
If you are talking about a result, do you use effect or affect?
Name three words after which it is appropriate to use the word effect.
Into, no, take, the, any, an, or and (Note: article adjectives often indicate nouns, and effect is a noun, so if the word in question comes after one, it is most likely a noun, and therefore effect, not affect.
If you are describing influencing someone, but not causing their actions, should you use affect or effect?
Affect is what kind of word and it means what?
Verb, "to influence"
Effect is what kind of word and it means what?
Noun, "a result"
What mnemonic can you use to remember what kind of words Affect and Effect are?
A Very Easy Noun
A for Affect followed by V for Verb
E for Effect followed by N for Noun
What is an adverb?
A word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
What is an adverb clause?
It is a subordinate clause used as an adverb.
What do adverb clauses tell the reader?
When, why, what condition, what degree of contrast
What do adverb clauses begin with?
A subordinating conjuction
What are some examples of subordinate conjunctions for time?
After, as, before, since, when, while, until
What are some examples of subordinate conjunctions for cause?
As, before, since, so that
What are some examples of subordinate conjunctions for condition?
As if, assuming that, if, in case, unless, whether, when
What are some examples of subordinate conjunctions for contrast?
Although, even though, rather than, though, whereas, while
What is an adjective?
A word that modifies a noun or pronoun
What is an adjective clause?
It is a subordinate clause used as an adjective.
What do adjective clauses tell the reader?
Which kind, which one, how many
What words do adjective clauses begin with?
A relative pronoun