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ethics and comm > Health Literacy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health Literacy Deck (43):
1

How bad is bad health literacy

Affects million
200 billion dollars annually

2

Below basic health literacy

Have only the most elementary literacy skills (can talk and point out things)

3

Basic health literacy

Have the skill necesary to perform simple, everyday activities and can read commonplace texts (read and recite info)

4

Intermediate health literacy

can perform moderately challenging activies(summarize, cause and effect, simple inferences)

5

Proficient health literacy

Complex activies (integration,synthesizing, analyzing multiple peices of info)

6

what percent of adults have proficient health literacy

12%

7

define health literacy

the ability to obtain, process and understand basic health info and services to make good health care decisions

8

to obtain

To know where and when to week health info and service

9

to process

To determine relevance, remember
being able to read, listen, and see/take in info

10

To understand

To comprehend or make sense of health infro, messages, and services

11

make health descisions

Use info to take action, apply info and use service

12

Skills needed for decision making

Reading
writing
Speaking
Listening
Numeracy (basic math)
interpret visuals

13

hgih school dropout rate

30%

14

define literacy

Read, write, speak english
compute and solve problems at levels of proficiency to function on the job and socity
to achieve ones goals, develop knowledge and potential

15

Can a person be literal with limited health literacy

Yes

16

what percent of high school grads have limited health literacy

45%

17

what factors affect health literacy

Individual factors (literacy skills, health knowledge, cultural beliefs, experience)
Communication skills of health professionals
Level of complexity and novelty of health info
Cultural and linguistic suitability of health info and service
Infrastructure that facilitates and supports healthy behaviors

18

where is low health literacy most prevalent

Non-high school graduates
Older adults
Low income families
Ethnic minorities
Immigrants

19

what percent of immigrants can not understand appointment scheduling

26%

20

what percent of immigrants can not understand instrucutions to take meds on an empty stomach

42%

21

what percenet of immigrants can not understand if they were eligible for free care

49%

22

what happens to people with limited health literacy

Poor health status
Hospitalized more often
Hospitalized for longer
Use ER more often
contribute to financial inefficiencies on the system
cost 69 billion dollars of avoidable expenditures

23

Low health literacy is associeted with what societal factors

Increase in misuse of alcohol in boys
Violent childhood behavior
Increased risk of mortality

24

Clues that one might be low in health literacy

Do not complete medical forms
Forget glasses
cary unrelated papers together
unable to identify their medication directions
Axious or can't focus during interview

25

REd flags for low literacy

Frequently missed appointments
Incomplete registration forms
Non-compliance with medication
Unable to name medications, explain purpose or dosing
Identifies pills by looking at them, not reading label
Unable to give coherent, sequential history
Ask fewer questions
Lack of follow-through on tests or referrals

26

Concern with low health literacy have problems with

Locating providers and service
filling out complex health forms
Sharing med history
Connecting risky ehavor and helth
Understanding directions on meds

27

how much more likely is one with low literacy to expereince a given poor outcome

1.5-3 times

28

what to do with patients

Tell me whats wrong
What I need to do and why
Emphasize benifits

29

How to break down meds

What is it for
How to take
Why (benefit
What to expect

30

how to aid in patient understanding

Focus on need to know and do
TEach back meth
Demonstrate and draw pics
use clear education material

31

what age should reading material be for patients

5th grade

32

how much do patients tend to recall

less than 50%

33

How should written matterial be given to a patient

Use words and explaination while giving the writen matterial

34

how should clinicians explain

plain language
limit info (3-5 key points)
specific and concrete not general
demonstrate, draw, models
Repeat/summarize
Teach-back
positive,hopeful, empower

35

what is oral health literacy

how well individuals can obtain, process and understand basic oral and craniofacial health info and service to make decisions

36

what can affect a child's dental status

The caregivers literacy

37

how do african americans feel at the dental office

Like they have less time spend with them than caucasians
2x as likely to report that they are treated unfairly

38

who claims to be treated better, private insurance or medicaid

Private insurance

39

how to look when using a translater

Look at the patient not the translator (also use your own translator that you trust)

40

what percentage of AAPD patient education material was above the recommended 6th grade reading level

88-92%

41

what does an adult need to learn

Needs to be respected
must have the will to learn
learn by active performance
value receiving feedback
adress with empathy and understanding

42

what is ASK me 3

patient education program to promote comm between providers and patients consisiting of 3 q

43

what are the q for ask me 3

what is my main problem
what do i need to do
why is this important