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Flashcards in Healthcare Deck (99):
1

During prehistoric times, why did diseases such as smallpox and measles not spread rapidly

People lived in small communities and/or had nomadic lifestyles

2

During the 1800s, what type of improvements occured due to advancements in the nursings professions?

Sanitation and hygine

3

Which field of scientific research studies microorganisms and their effects on other living things

Microbiology

4

Which type of facility provides housing for residents who are mobile and can, for the most part. take care of themselves buy who may need some assistance with daily activities

Assisted-living facility

5

A factor contributing to the rapid growth of the home heath care field is

healthcare technology that allows patients to monitor vital signs at home

6

Which type of health care professional diagnoses and treats a variety of common health problems

General practitioner

7

Which type of health care professional assists a physician or another medical provider in clinical and/ or administative tasks

Medical Assistant

8

Which ancient cultures laid the foundation of today's modern medical practices

Greek and Roman

9

Type of complementary medicine relies on adjustments on body structures to promote holistic healing

acupuncture

10

Which type of health care facility provides specialized care for parients recovering from injuries, serious illnesses, drug dependency, or emotional problems

Rehabilitative

11

Which type of health care facility or service provides care focused on pain reduction, stress relief, and quality of life for patients with terminal illnesses

Hospice

12

Which health care field focuses on conducting tests on body tissues, fluids, and cells to determine the cause or progession of an illness

medical research

13

Which medical instrument is used to measure blood pressure

Sphygmomanometer

14

Measures designed to lower health care cost are known as

managed care

15

Which of the following is a goal of health care reform

provide health insurance coverage for those who are currently uninsured

16

What term describes the management of time, staff, equipment, technology, and facilities in providing health care?

Resource utilization

17

Which type of health insurance coverage is obtained through and employer or purchased as an individual policy

Direct

18

In a managed care plan, which type of provider is not part of a group under contract to provide services for set rates to members

Out-of-network

19

The basic legal rights held by all us citizens are

constitutional rights

20

the rights granted to citizens by the us constitution are

civil rights

21

the fundamental rights of all people. regardless of place of residence or citizenship are

human rights

22

The values, behaviors, and standards of conduct related to job performance that enable a health care worker to be trused by patients and colleagues is

professionalism

23

Which types of law is enacted by federal,state, or local legislators and enforced by the courts?

common law

24

Most lawsuits against healthcare professionals fall under the category of

civil law

25

Which of the following is an example of negligence

Missing a dose of medication what was to be administrated to a patient

26

A patient grants which type of consent after being told about the risks and benefits associated with a particular treatment or procedure

Informed

27

Which type of consent to treatment has occurred when a person having a heart attack calls 911 but is unconscious by the time paramedics arrive?

Implied

28

What is the purpose of Good Samaritan laws

to encourage people to provide emergency medical assistance without fear of being sued

29

A healthy diet and adequate exercise and rest are ways that health care professionals can care for themselves and reduce

stress

30

Effective, positive communication with patients and coworkers requires which type of behavior

Optimism/ Sociability

31

Which type of system is a ranking of personal principles that guide a persons behavior

Value

32

Patients right to self-determination is known as their right to

free speech

33

What are some positive outcomes of good nutrition

Improved health and disease prevention

34

In the communication process, information conveyed by a sender to a receiver is the

Message

35

Active listening requires fully concentration on the speaker and paying attention to

non verbal cues

36

In a conversation, if you restate what a speaker has said using your own words you are

Elaborating

37

Briefly reviewing the main points of information that were previously stated or communicated is part of which process

Fictionalizing

38

Good verbal communication consists of speaking respectfully, clearly, and avoiding which type of language?

Highly technical

39

Three most common modes of communication are

Verbal, non verbal and written communication

40

Important or sensitive health care information is best communicated to patient through which means?

In person or by phone

41

In American culture, making eye contact as you speak is seen as a sign of

Interest, truthfulness, and confidence

42

Before touching a patient as part of a medical exam or procedure, what should a health care provider do?

explain the procedure

43

The tone of a speakers voice can determine how his or her message is

precieved

44

When members of a minority group adopt the values, attitudes and behaviors of a dominant culture, they are going though the process of

Cultural assimilation

45

Behaviors based on the biased belief that one's own cultural or social group is superior to others are based on

ethnocentrism

46

Which factor has a primary effect on a family's ability to access health care services

Social standards

47

Health care professionals need to understand that patients with a different cultural background from their own might

view the situation differently

48

Patients perception and expression of pain are influenced by their

cultural background

49

Which responsibilities within the family can differ based on culture

Gender roles

50

A common Asian belief values the welfare of the family above that of the

Individual

51

Which types of beliefs can infuence a patient's willingness to agree to certain treatments

religious

52

Culturally defined attitudes about punctuality and perceptions of past, present, and future determine a person's

time orientation

53

Which type of problem solving relies on the collection, observation, and evaluation of data

scientific method

54

Which type of thinking must a health professional use in completing tasks, solving problems, and making decisions

critical

55

Critical thinking requires fair-mindedness, which is

openness to all viewpoints

56

What is one way to improve critical thinking skills

withhold judgement until you completely understand

57

The basic problem solving method used by most health care professionals involves how many steps

Five

58

The first step in solving any problem requires

Identifying the problems

59

As part of the problem solving process, gathering information leads to

Identifying possible solutions

60

In health care, studying and learning is

A lifelong activity

61

Once a solution to a problem has been put in place, how are the results evaluated

The situation is reassessed to determine if the solution was successful (on the test)

62

A study method shown to be effective is

working in one hour sessions with breaks in between (on the test)

63

In a properly functioning team, members coordinate their actions to

achieving a common goal

64

What type of leadership is characterized by a leader who delegates decisions and hands over power to group members

Nondirective

65

Which type of leadership is characterized by a leader who promotes a sense of equality among members and encourages their input and participation

Democratic

66

Which type of leadership is characterized by a leader who delegates decisions and hands over power to group of members

nondirective

67

The branch of social psychology that studies the behavior of individuals within group and how groups related to each other is

group dynamics

68

Which skill involves finding the right outcome for a situation in which differing viewpoints

conflict management

69

A group member who contributes unique knowledge, skills, or expertise is serving as a

resouce

70

A group member who carries out specific activities or duties a s part of his or her assigned role is a

implementer

71

An effective group is one in which members

have a strong sense of responsibility for group outcomes (on the test)

72

Management roles in health care usually involve the function of

supervising, administering, staffing, and budgeting

73

How can social and professional organizations help a person grow in a health care career

help build teamwork leadership skills

74

Team members must work to prevent which type of differences from interfering with effective teamwork

personality

75

What is medical coding

system of numbers and symbols used to document medical procedures and diagnoses

76

Accuracy in medical documents is extremely important. What risks are posed by inaccurate communication

Patient records can get mixed up

77

What is the name for the practice of using telecommunications and computer technology to provide care to individuals at a distance

Telemedicine

78

What benefits have advances in noninvasive and robotic techniques brought about for patients

less paint, lower infection rates, and faster recovery times

79

What are the best means for health professionals to contue their education and ensure that their technological skills remain up-to-date

workshops, employer training programs, and self study

80

Methods of infection control designed to kill microoranisms

disinectant

81

Methods of infection control designed to inhibit the growth of microorganism are

bacteriostatic

82

The federal agency whose mission is to protect citizens and promote healthy by preventing and reducing the spread of infectious conditions is the

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

83

Which group of microorganism requires oxygen to live and grow

Aerobic Organims

84

Which type of container is used for the disposal of waste that is contaminated with blood or body fluids

bio hazard waste

85

Which type of documentation is required if a health professional or a patient is exposed to any hazardous material

incident report

86

What is the purpose of protective gear such as gloves, masks, and gowns

to reduce the transmission of microorganisms and prevent the spread of disease (on the test)

87

Which type of infection is most common in the world

upper respiratory tract

88

What is the best way for healthcare professionals to avoid the transfer of microorganisms and break the chain of infection

handwashing

89

Highest level of infection control

sterilization

90

What process involves changes in structure, thoughts, feelings or behaviors die to maturation, experience and learning

development

91

What are these five stages a part of: denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance

grief

92

When patients or colleagues ask for more information or detail, they are seeking

clarification

93

Reflecting is the process of using which type of statements to repeat back what a person has said to ensure that the message was received

Descriptive

94

speech, sight and touch are what

formal and informal language mechanisms

95

A person's sense of appropriate personal space differs based on what factors?

cultural background and gender

96

Which of the following is not a purpose of patient education

providing legal advice In a medical situation (on the test)

97

Why are accuracy and proper spelling and grammar extremely important in written medical communications

errors can result in injury or harm to a patient and or pose a risk of legal action

98

Medical charts, laboratory reports, and patient instructions are examples of which type of communiation

Written

99

Leadership is the ability to

influence others while working toward a goal