Healthy Nutrition and Feeding Development Flashcards Preview

Week 40: Chromosomal Abnormalities > Healthy Nutrition and Feeding Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Healthy Nutrition and Feeding Development Deck (9)
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1

4 things energy is used for

Basal metabolic rate
Physical activity
Thermic effect of food
Growth

2

What is the main macronutrient needed for
1. Infants
2. Adults

1. Fat
2. Carbohydrates

3

5 benefits of breastfeeding for the infant

Nutritional
Anti-infective
Allergy risk (allergic rhinitis)
Cognitive outcomes
Chronic disease risk

4

What vitamin needs to be supplemented even for babies that are breastfed?

Vitamin D

5

4 benefits of breastfeeding in the mother

Birth spacing
Breast cancer risk decreases
Ovarian cancer decreases
T2D risk reduction

6

Neophobia

Fear of new foods
May need many introductions of the same food (10+)

7

Homeostatic phase

Caregivers when the baby is 0-2 months
Cue recognition/response and build a trusting relationship
Physical support/positioning/organizing is really important

8

Progression of foods the baby can eat

Smooth puree
Soft solids
Dissolvable solids
Diced
Mixed texture
Hard crunchy (18-24 months)

9

Separation/individualization phase

Caregiver role when baby is 6-12 months
Provide boundaries and structure surrounding meals and meal times
Safe exploration of foods
Balance autonomy and dependency