Heart Flashcards Preview

510 mid year exams > Heart > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart Deck (21)
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1
Q

Where is the heart located?

A
In the chest
between the lungs
behind the sternum
above the diaphram
surrounded by the pericardium
2
Q

What does blood transport?

A

Oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, hormaones, wbc, chemicals for protection of invaders

3
Q

What is the function of the heart?

A

pumps blood around the body, vessels transport blood to tissues

4
Q

What are veins?

A

Vessicals, veins pump blood away from heart

5
Q

What arteries?

A

Aortic and pulmonary arteries, brings blood back to the heart

6
Q

What is bp?

A

blood pressure, lacterial force on the walls of an artery from blood pulsing under pressure from the heart

7
Q

what is systolic pressure

A

peak pressure following contraction

8
Q

what is dystolic pressure

A

blood pressure falls during relaxtion

9
Q

what are common medications associated with blood pressure

A

diuretics
betablockers
calcium channel blockers
potassium

10
Q

what is left ventricle hypertrophy

A

enlargening and hardening of heart wall caused by high bp, caused by heart defects, angina,

11
Q

what is ausculation

A

when you hear a sound

12
Q

What does the liver do?

A

metabolises drugs, water solouble

13
Q

What do the kidneys do?

A

Excrete urine

14
Q

Abnormal rapid heartbeat, beats over 100bpm

A

Tachycardia

15
Q

An abnormally slow heart beat

A

Bradycardia

16
Q

Destruction of heart tissue from obstruction of the blood supply to heart muscle

A

Myocardial infartion

17
Q

What does hypertension mean

A

High blood pressure

18
Q

What causes hypertension?

A

Stress, medication kidney disease, lifestyle factors

19
Q

What does hypertension effect?

A

The heart - may have heart attack

20
Q

What is Hypotension

A

Low blood pressure

21
Q

What causes hypertension?

A

shock, hereditary, underactive adredal gland - may get dizzy or faint