Henry VIII & Wolsey Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Henry VIII & Wolsey Deck (43)
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1

When did HVIII become King?
Did he have an advisor?

1509
Had no advisor, only the Privy Council

2

What were the first 3 actions he took?

1) Executed Empson & Dudley - scapegoats for Henry VII strict policies
2) Married Catherin of Aragon - strengthened dynasty
3) Appointed Wolsey

3

Why did Wolsey rise to power? Give 5 reasons.

1) Well-Educated
2) Reliable, trustworthy, organised
3) Flattery - told HVIII what he wanted to hear
4) Good work ethic
5) Manipulation

4

When did Wolsey become Chief Minister and Lord Chancellor?

1515

5

What were HVIII Foreign Policy Aims? (5)

1) Honour and Glory - Warrior King
2) Secure the French Crown
3) Maintain trade links
4) Secure the Dynasty
5) Collect Pension from the French

6

What were Wolsey's Foreign Policy Aims? (5)

1) Preserve the balance of power in Europe
2) Have links with the Papacy
3) Humanistic Peace
4) Serve the King
5) Avoid Parliament

7

When was the Field of the Cloth of Gold?

1520

8

What happened in the Field of the Cloth of Gold?

Ardes Meeting - A show of power between Henry and Francis (France)
Built temp palaces, displayed their wealth

HVIII image was enhanced but lots of money was spent for a little cause

9

What was the Habsburg-Valois Conflict?

1514 - Wolsey negotiated a marriage between LouisXII & Mary, gained £100K but failed b/c Louis died.
1519 - Charles became HRE, conflict between him an Francis begun b/c of Italian Wars
Charles called of ToL b/c Francis broke terms

10

What came out of the Habsburg-Valois Conflict?

Anglo-Imperial Alliance through the Treaty of Bruges

11

What was the Anglo-Imperial Alliance and when was it?

1521
Eng will invade FR unless they make peace with Charles

12

When was the Treaty of London?
(LoT)

1518

13

What was the ToL?

Non-aggression pact stating peaceful co-operation
signed by Eng, FR, Spain, HRE, Netherlands, Burgundy, Papacy
If 1 country breaks it then war

14

When was the 1st War with France?

1512-1514

15

What happened in the 1st War w/France?

1512 - Eng allied w/ Spain against FR
1513 - Defeated FR, captured Therouanne and Tournai

16

What was the outcome of the 1st war w/ France?

Wolsey Impressed Henry with his role as Quater Master General.
Wolsey becomes Bishop of Tournai
HVIII recognised as Warrior King

17

When was the 2nd War w/ France?

1523

18

What happened in the 2nd War w/ France?

- Eng army sent to FR, W wanted to withdraw b/c of expenses
- W's betray led to Charles winning against FR at the Battle of Pavia (1525)
- H asked Charles to divide FR between them & he would be French King - FAILED
- C releases Francis (thought he could control him), he started fresh attacks.
- League of Cognac created

19

What was the Court of Chancery?
(W's Legal Reform)

Upheld 'fair' justice in common & civil law
Dealt w/ wills, contracts and property

20

What was Wolsey willing to do in the Court of Chancery?

To punish the nobility for breaches of the law against maintenance

21

In the Court of Chancery, what did Wolsey do if he felt the cases were unfair?

He transferred them to his court for a fairer trail

22

When did Wolsey extend the use of the Star Chamber?

1516

23

What was the Star Chamber?
(W's Legal Reform)

- It was the Centre of gov & justice
- Heard cases of misconduct by people who were dominant in localities
- It encouraged private lawsuits

24

What was the outcome of the Star Chamber?

- cases increased from 12 to 120
- had to create Overflow Tribunals b/c of the amt of cases
- Nobility were alienated

25

When were the Eltham Ordinances?
(W's Finacial Reform)

1526

26

What did the Eltham Ordinances do?

Reformed the finances of the Privy Chamber
Limited the influence of the Privy Chamber - reduced amount

27

Who did Wolsey remove b/c of the Eltham Ordinances?

The Groom of the Stool

28

When was the Act of Resumption?

1515

29

What did the Act of Resumption do?

Restored crown lands that were lost in the Wars of the Roses

30

When was the Amicable Grant?

1525

31

What did the Amicable Grant do?

Raise money for the 2nd War with France through tax

32

Why did the Amicable Grant fail?

Wasnt passed through parliament - W scared of nobility
Cause disputes

33

When was the Tudor Subsidy introduced?

1523

34

What was the Tudor Subsidy?

Realistic Assessment of the nation's wealth
Taxes were now based on income, not wealth

35

Did the Tudor Subsidy raise enough money to pay for the war w/ FR?

No, but did raise £322,000

36

What was Wolsey considered to be in terms of Church Roles?

Plurist
Absenteist

37

How many religious houses did Wolsey visit in 1519?

60
*visited some cathedral chapters too

38

How many schools did Wolsey build and where?

Built 1 School in Ipswitch which was his home town (selfish)

39

How many GRAMMER schools did Wolsey form and where?

1
It was in Oxford - where he studied

40

What did Wolsey use his powers as legate to do?

Used them for financial reward
Kept stipends (bishop payments)

41

What did Wolsey commission in 1517?

Commissioned a major enquiry into enclosure
It didn't achieve much

42

Why did Wolsey fall?

- Boleyn Faction put pressure on W to get an annulment
- Failed to negotiate an annulment with Pope Clements for Henry, even though he had the case moved to Eng
- Began to blackmail and bribe the Pope
- Henry found out and was ashamed - removed him from power (with encouragement from the Boleyn Faction) and accused him of praemunire

43

When was Wolsey arrested?

November 1530