Hi-yield most common Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Hi-yield most common > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hi-yield most common Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
0

Most common:
site of spondylolysis

L4 or L5

Spondylolysis
- Scottie dog sign (neck of the dog)
- pars interarticularis

1

Most common:
Site of disc herniation

L5-S1

-compressing S1 nerve root,
manifesting as dec. ankle jerk and sensation on posterior surface of lower limb and little toe

2

Most common:
Site of chance fracture ("seatbelt injury")

L2, L3

3

Most common:
Site of chordomas
(malignant, midline, lobulated, mucoid tumors that arise from remnants of the embryonic notochord)

Sacral region

4

Most common:
Site of aspiration when a person is in a sitting or standing position

most commonly enters the right lower lobar bronchusand lodges within the posterior basal bronchopulmonary segment of the right lower lobe

5

Most common:
Site of aspiration when a person is in a supine position

Most commonly enters the right lower lobar bronchusand lodges within the superior bronchopulmonary segment of the right lower lobe

6

Most common:
Site of aspiration when a person is in lying on his right side

most commonly enters the right upper lobar bronchus and lodges within the posterior bronchopulmonary segment of the right upper lobe

7

Most common:
Site of aspiration when a person is in lying on his left side

most commonly enters the left upper lobar bronchus and lodges within the inferior lingular bronchopulmonary segment of the left upper lobe

8

Most common:
lung cancer in a nonsmoking history

Adenocarcinoma

9

Most common:
Type of lung cancer most closely associated with a smoking history

Squamous cell carcinoma

10

Most common:
lethal genetic disorder among whites

Cystic fibrosis

11

Most common:
congenital B-cell defect

Selective IgA deficiency

12

Most common:
Site of coronary artery occlusion

anterior interventricular artery (AIV)
a.k.a left anterior descending (LAD)

13

SECOND Most common:
Site of coronary artery occlusion

right coronary artery (RCA)

and then the left circumflex artery (LCx)

14

Most common:
site of a ruptured AAA

below the renal arteries in the left posterolateral wall (i.e., retroperitoneal)

15

Most common:
Site of malignant tumors of the esophagus

lower one third of the esophagus

(and metastasize below the diaphragm to the celiac lymph nodes)

16

Most common:
Site of gastric ulcers

body of the stomach along the lesser curvature above the incisura angularis

17

Most common:
Site of duodenal ulcer

anterior wall of the first part of the duodenum (i.e., at the duodenal cap)

18

Most common:
Site of carcinomas of the stomach

pylorus of the stomach

and may metastasize to supraclavicular lymph nodes (Virchow nodes)

19

Most common:
Site of diverticulosis

Sigmoid colon

20

Most common:
complication of a splenectomy

atelectasis of the left lower lobe of the lung

21

3 Most common:
Sites of kidney stone obstruction (i.e. sites of ureteral constriction)

1.At the ureteropelvic junction
2.Where the ureters cross the pelvic inlet
3.At the ureterovesical junction (along the intramural portion of the ureter)

22

Most common:
Type of kidney stones

Calcium oxalate calculi

23

SECOND Most common:
Type of kidney stones

Magnesium ammonium sulfate (struvite; triple phosphate) calculi

24

Most common:
type of urine leakage injury

Type III urethral injury (a.k.a saddle injury)

-anterior urethra (i.e., bulbous urethra) torn below the urogenital diaphragm along with a disruption of the urogenital diaphragm so that the membranous urethra is torn also

25

Most common:
solid tumor in children

Neuroblastoma

26

Most common:
Site of ectopic tubal pregnancy

Ampulla

27

Most common:
gynecologic cancer in women

Endometrial adenocarcinoma

28

Most common:
histologic variant of endometrial adenocarcinoma

Pure endometrial adenocarcinoma (composed entirely of glandular cells)

29

Most common:
site of squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix

Transformation zone