Flashcards in History Deck (199)
The discovery of gold in California in 1848 and resulting statehood in 1850 changed
the political landscape of the United States primarily because
There was a temporary resolution to the Freestate/slave state controversy
The central valley
Associated with San Joaquin Valley the most productive agricultural area in California and extends inland from Bakersfield to Fresno
The Indus River
The earliest Indian civilization the Harappa culture developed around the Indus River Valley and 2500 BC.
Slogan that the belief that the United States was ordained by God as a great nation and therefore was justified in expanding territorially from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific ocean.
Athens is credited with establishing
The worlds first democracy. And developing democratic institutions
The transcontinental railroad
Completed in 1869 in Utah connected the east in the west coast of the United States by rail and revolutionize the settlement of the west.
First European to reach coastal California
What way did geographic factors have an important influence on the development of Inca civilization between the 11th and 15th centuries?
The mountains of western South America were an impediment to building an empire, prompting the development of sophisticated engineering technologies
Vasco de Gama
First European to reach India by sea
Muslims contributions to institutions
Hospitals, medical schools, libraries, universities
France's original colonial power region
Controlled the Mississippi River region, the Louisiana territory, the Great Lakes, and Canada
Positive result of the war of 1812
The new nation gained international respect as a country
Executive branch of government
President. Is responsible for enforcing the laws
Muslim contributions to agriculture
Cash crops, crop rotation, irrigation
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1–3 1863 Took place in a small Pennsylvania town, Union victory.
Union general Meade defeated Confederate General Lee and prevented Lee's second invasion of the north
Passage of the civil rights legislation in California
Hiram Johnson as the governor of California the progressive movement failed to achieve this reform
Hiram Johnson was elected governor of California 1910
The Catholic Church most influence which developments in medieval Europe
They emergence of universities
What power does the governor of California possess but the president of the US does not possess?
Power to veto specific sections of us spending bill
The Roman empire's "breadbasket"
North Africa specifically Egypt. As the empire expanded Rome wasn't able to provide sufficient grain from the Italian peninsula to feed of the population at home and the military army abroad. Imported grain became a necessity
"Gift of the Nile"
What Egypt is referred to as, because of its history, culture, and religious beliefs are so closely tied to the river
Bear flag revolt
In 1846 resulted in California settlers declaring their independence from Mexico and a bloodless coup after capturing Mexican general Mariano Vallejo in Sonoma California
Who were the Big Four?
Leland Stanford governor of California and president of the Central Pacific.
Collis Huntington financier of the project and vice President of the railroad.
Charles Crocker director of the railroad
Mark Hopkins financier and coordinator of the project
Term limit for California Supreme Court justices
The Boston massacre
Was a military state in ancient Greece
The invention of barbed wire
Invention that had the most revolutionary impact on economic development of the American west during the 19th century
The leading thinkers of the 18th century Enlightenment supported
Liberal, humanitarian, and scientific trends of thought
Four groups of the caste system
Priests and teachers
Rulers and Warriors
Merchants and artisans
Peasants and servants which was the lowest caste
What best describes the primary purpose for establishing the mission system?
To maintain a self-sufficient agriculture economy that produced of food surplus. The mission system in California it was originally intended to be temporary