Language / literature Flashcards Preview

Cset MultiSubject test - Subtest 1 > Language / literature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language / literature Deck (22):
1

Allegory

A story in which people things and events have another meaning. An example of an allegory is Orwell's animal farm

2

Connotation

The implications of a word or phrase as opposed to its exact meaning (denotation) both China and Cathay denote a region in Asia but to modern reader the association of the two words is different

3

Denotation

The dictionary meaning of a word as opposed to connotation

4

Euphemism

A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness such as deceased for dead or remains for corpse

5

Hyperbole

Deliberate exaggeration, overstatement. As a rule hyperbole is a self-conscious without the intention of being excepted literally @the strongest man in the world" and "the diamond as big as the Ritz" are hyperbolic

6

Alliteration

The repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more words or syllables

7

Denouement

(Resolution) The point when the conflict is resolved, remaining loose ends are tied up, or stated directly

8

Expository

Mode of writing in which the purpose is to inform, explain, clarify, describe, or define a subject to the reader

9

Teaching comprehension

Ask students questions about the text they are reading.

Ask students to summarize parts of the text

Help students clarify words and sentences they don't understand

Asked students to predict what might occur next in the text

Talk about the content

10

Metacognition

Thinking about thinking

11

Fast mapping

A process whereby young children are able to use context to arrive at a quick guess of words meanings.

nouns are easier to fast map then verbs

12

Habituation

Infants and children repeat sounds that are reinforced. Children can distinguish abstract rules for sentence structure.

13

Syntax

is the grammar of a language - the rules by which to form sentences or expressions.

The examination of various ways that words combined to create meaning, the study of how sentences are formed, and the pattern or structure of word order in sentences

14

Semantics

deals with the study of meaning; how we combine words to create meaningful discourse. It studies the relationship between signs and symbols and what they represent.

This is a useful strategy in decoding to analyze the word that "sounds" correct in a sentence

15

Pathos

Feeling of pity for the misfortune of others

16

Digraphs

Parts of words that always sound the same example;
Sh, ph, ch, qu

17

An individual who speaks a language historically related to English may have an advantage and learning English as a second language because

Many words and roots are likely to have similar spellings in meanings

18

The alphabetic principle

The idea that in English words are made up of letters that approximate the sounds heard when we speak these words

19

Colloquial speech

Informal language. Example; ain't

20

Ballad

A narrative poem that tells a simple story often about lost and found love, it is a stanza structure is typically four lines

21

Sonnet

Usually about love, and the structure typically consist of 14 lines: an octave (eight lines), followed by the sestet (six lines)

22

Antithesis

A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else