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Flashcards in History and Trends Deck (8)
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Benjamin Franklin

invented the bifocals


Elizabeth Blackwell

The first female physician in America.


Florence Nightingale

"the founder of modern nursing" and established the 1st school of nursing


Joseph Lister

a British surgeon who promoted the idea of sterile surgery; antiseptics during surgery


Louis Pasteur

a French chemist and microbiologist whose work changed medicine. He proved that germs cause disease; he developed vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and he created the process of pasteurization.


Ignaz Semmelweis

a Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice.


Robert Koch

Robert Koch was a German physician who is widely credited as one of the founders of bacteriology and microbiology. He investigated the anthrax disease cycle in 1876 and studied the bacteria that causes tuberculosis in 1882, and cholera in 1883. He also formulated Koch’s postulates. Koch won the 1905 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.


Paul Ehrlich

German Jewish medical scientist is best known for discovering the first effective treatment for syphilis for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1908 with his partner Élie Metchnikoff. Ehrlich was also a pioneer in the in the fields of chemotherapy, hematology, and immunology.