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Collection, receipt, preparation, investigation and laboratory analysis of samples of human biological material for the purpose of supporting patient diagnosis, management and treatment and for the maintenance of health and wellbeing

Medical Technology


The branch of medicine concerned with the performance of laboratory determinations and analyses used in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease and the maintenance of health.

Anna Fagelson (1961)


The application of principles of natural, physical, and biological sciences to the performance of laboratory
procedures which aid in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases

Ruth Heinemann (1963)


The health profession concerned with performing laboratory analyses in view of obtaining information necessary in the diagnosis and treatment of disease as well as in the maintenance of good health.



An auxiliary branch of laboratory medicine which deals with the examination by various chemical, microscopic,
bacteriologic and other medical laboratory procedures or technique which will aid the physician in the diagnosis, study, and treatment of disease and in the promotion of health in general

Republic Act No. 5527/ The Philippine Medical Technology Act of 1969


 “Father of Medicine”
 Hippocratic Oath-the code of ethics for practicing physicians.
 Described four "humors" or body fluids in man
(blood, phlegm, yellow bile & black bile)

Hippocrates (460BC-370BC)


four "humors" or body fluids in man

(blood, phlegm, yellow bile & black bile)


 traces the beginning of medical technology
 intestinal parasite such as Taenia and Ascaris were mentioned in early writings

Vivian Herrick (1500BC)


book for treatment of diseases
-contains description of the three stages of hookworm infection

Ebers Papyrus


scientific observation”- urine of certain individuals attracted ants, and that such urine has a sweetish taste

Early Hindu Doctors (1096-1438)


600 BC

Hindu physician recorded the sweet taste of diabetic urine



that the urine in diabetes had a taste similar to honey


reaped fortunes from diagnosing diseases by the appearance for the urine



 prefers to date MT from 14th century,
 a prominent Italian physician, Mondino de’ Liuzzi at the University of Bologna employed one ______ to perform certain tasks now under the domain of the medical technology profession. Unfortunately, this young lady died from a laboratory acquired

Anna Fagelson
*Allesandra Giliani


first unlucky recipient of blood transfusion

Pope Innocent VIII (1492)


discovered blood circulation, the era of blood transfusion started

William Harvey


 first physician to perform direct transfusion of blood.
 showed it was possible for blood to be transfused from animal to animal

Richard Lower


 notable for having performed the first fully documented human blood transfusion.
 Animal to human

Jean-Baptiste Denys


 Performed the first successful transfusion of blood to a patient for treatment of
a haemorrhage.
 Human to human

James Blundell (1829)


 developed the first crude model of a compound model microscope

Zaccharias Jansen (1590)


 invented and improved the compound mircroscope
 first to describe red blood cells to see protozoa, and to classify bacteria according to shape.
 Father of Microbiology

Anton van Leeuwenhoek


 the “Greatest of the Early Microscopists”
 works in embryology and anatomy definitely marks him as the “Founder of Pathology”.

Marcello Malpighi


 cross-immunity of smallpox and cowpox

Edward Jenner (1798)


 searched and found the answer to the diagnosis of his patients by several means and part of this process of collection evidence was investigation in the laboratory, and a large part of the complete picture consisted of laboratory findings.

Dr. William Occam (1800)


 production of Aniline dyes
 it became possible to stain bacteria and to study them better under the microscope

19th century


 the development of the physical findings before and after death in establishing an anatomical pathology and later in adding bacteriology to the elucidation of the causes of disease and the laboratory examinations

Baron Karl Wilhelm von Humboldt (1815)


 developed the first visual colorimeter based on Beer’s Law.
 introduced in the clinical laboratory.

Jules Duboscq
- 1854
- 1902


 One of the youngest of the medical specialist
 Founded the Archives of Pathology in Berlin in 1847

Rudolf Virchow


 Pioneer of antiseptic surgery
 Father of Modern Surgery

Joseph Lister


 Performed the first quantitative test for urine sugar.

Hermann Fehling