Flashcards in History of the Brain Deck (21)
who was the first to suggest that the brain controls behavior?
Greco; Roman Physician Galen
2nd century A.C.E
What is Dualism?
The notion that the mind has an immaterial aspect that is distinct from the material body & brain.
ie; Body=controls behavior Soul=free will and moral choice
How does Dualism relate to the mind/bod problem?
Can the mind be explained with a full understanding of how the brains works? NO
Define Localization of Function
Different brain regions specialize in specific behaviors.
What was an early attempt at Functional Localization that failed?
Phrenology; Bumps on the skull reflect enlargements of brain regions responsible for certain behavioral faculties.
What example of Functionalism Localization was successful in the 1800s
Damage to a particular region causes problems and impairments. Performing certain tasks activates and strengthens certain brain regions
4 current theoretical perspectives that inform relationships between the brain and behavior
Systematic description of behavior
Evolution " "
Life-Span development " "
what is Ontogeny
Which theoretical perspective is best?
What is the difference between neurological disorder and a psychiatric disorder
What is the reciprocal relationship between the brain and behavior
What are 4 new fields of science built upon brain/behavior relationships
what is the brains involvement in the consciousness
Where is the Pineal Gland
A pea-sized, pinecone-shaped organ located in the exact center of the brain.
First to form during human fetal development & distinguishable three weeks after conception.
Left hemisphere of the brain, there is neural loop, At the frontal end of this loop lies Broca's area, Associated with the production of language, or language outputs.
Systematic description of Behavior
Describes a behavior and how it functions.
Reveals the essentials features of the brain.
Evolution of brain and behavior
Compares species to learn how the brain and behavior have evolved
* Similarities among species
* Species-specific differences
The change in an individual during is lifetime
*Gives clues to it's functions and mechanisms