Flashcards in Homicide Deck (21):
Violent crimes < 5% (what?)
- Aggravated assault
Virtually every homicide in the US becomes known to the police. How?
- Vital statistics - death certificates
- Victimization surveys
Why is it true that every homicide becomes know to the police?
How many people are present during a homicide event ?
> 2 people. Most homicides have witnesses.
Chances of getting killed in the US (race/gender)
- White male 1/164
- White woman 1/450
- Black female 1/117
- Black male 1/28
Best predictor of homicide risk is where you live - inner-cities and their characteristics
o Single-mother households
o 40-50% unemployment
o Bad schools
Elijah Anderson - who?
- Born in the inner cities of Philadelphia
- Wrote books:
o “The Code of the Street”
♣ The only thing you have is respect.
The process of renovating and improving a house or district so that it conforms to middle-class taste - when richer people move to poor areas and dismantle them to build their mansions – property prices go up, taxes go up etc. Poor people move out somewhere else or become homeless.
What weapons and how often are they used in homicide events
- 65% guns
o 50% hard guns
o 10% shot guns
o 5% rifles
- 20% knives
- 10% other weapons (poison…)
- 5% personal means (strangling, choking…)
Are murderers re-offenders usually?
Most people arrested for homicide have been arrested zero times. If they have been arrested it was for alcohol abuse or minor crimes…
Recidivism rate and homicide patterns
For burglars it is 90%. For murderers it is about 0%. 90% of murderers are male and between 16-24 (crime prone ages). The peak age for homicide in the us is 22. Mostly men are murdered. Homicide is overwhelmingly intraracial (whites-whites, black-black). Interestingly women rarely kill other women.
Criminologist Martin Wolfgang
In most homicides the victim and the offender know each other. Criminologist Marvin Wolfgang wrote the bible of homicide “patterns in criminal homicide”. He wrote that book in the 1950s. He was a professor at UPenn. He collected thousands of homicide reports from the PD and looked at the relationship between the victim and offender:
- 60% cases – victim and offender very close – relatives, close friends, lovers
- 28% acquaintances – coworkers…
Nuclear family homicides
1. Spousal – most likely
2. Parent kills child
3. Child kills parent
4. Sibling homicide – least likely
Wives are most likely to kill their husbands in the kitchen with a knife - now more often with a gun. Men kill wives most usually in the bedroom.
How homicide occurs?
More than 2 people present. Where/when are they committed? – leisure time, usually Saturday. In that group are two young males. An argument/quarrel puts the homicide into motion. Escalation through insults. One of the parties retaliates with a physical attack
Killing someone because they insulted their partner
- Hour to hour
- Day to day
- Long term
o July to September
No different than murder:
- Same killer profile
- Dispute as the trigger
- Uses a firearm
- In most mass murders the victim and murderer know each other.
- Most kill women
- Do not involve firearms – strangulation
- Sexual motive
♣ Kinsey developed the Kinsey Scale, which was a numerical ranking of sexual behavior on a scale of complete heterosexuality to complete homosexuality.
♣ Kinsey's open discussion of sexuality in the 1950s contributed to the sexual revolution of the following decade, in which social standards that limited sex to heterosexual marriage were loosened.
♣ The Kinsey Report is frequently invoked to support the common estimate of one in ten Americans being a homosexual.