HOSA Bowl- Medical Terminology Part 1 Flashcards Preview

HOSA Bowl 2014 > HOSA Bowl- Medical Terminology Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HOSA Bowl- Medical Terminology Part 1 Deck (168):
1

a-, an-

not, without

2

ab-

from; away from

3

abdomin(o)-

Of or relating to the abdomen

4

-ac, -acal

pertaining to

5

acanth(o)-

thorn or spine

6

acous(io)-

Of or relating to hearing

7

acr(o)-

extremity, topmost

8

-acusis

hearing

9

-ad

toward, in the direction of

10

ad-

at, increase, on, toward

11

aden(o)-, aden(i)-

Of or relating to a gland

12

adip(o)-

Of or relating to fat or fatty tissue

13

adren(o)-

Of or relating to adrenal glands

14

-aemia (BrE)

blood condition

15

aer(o)-

air, gas

16

aesthesio- (BrE)

sensation

17

-al

pertaining to

18

alb-

Denoting a white or pale color

19

alge(si)-

pain

20

-algia, alg(i)o-

pain

21

all(o-)

Denoting something as different, or as an addition

22

allic-

big toe

23

ambi-

Denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two

24

amni-

Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion)

25

amph-, amphi-

on both sides

26

an-

not, without

27

ana-

back, again, up

28

an-

anus

29

andr(o)-

pertaining to a man

30

angi(o)-

blood vessel

31

aniso-

Describing something as unequal

32

ankyl(o)-, ancyl(o)-

Denoting something as crooked or bent

33

ante-

Describing something as positioned in front of another thing

34

anti-

Describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another

35

aort(o)-

aorta

36

apo-

away, separated from, derived from

37

arch-

first, primitive

38

arsen(o)-

Of or pertaining to a male; masculine

39

arteri(o)-

Of or pertaining to an artery

40

arthr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the joints, limbs

41

articul(o)-

joint

42

-ary

pertaining to

43

-ase

enzyme

44

-asthenia

weakness

45

atel(o)-

imperfect or incomplete development

46

ather(o)-

fatty deposit, soft gruel-like deposit

47

-ation

process

48

atri(o)-

an atrium (esp. heart atrium)

49

aur(i)-

Of or pertaining to the ear

50

aut(o)-

self

51

aux(o)-

increase; growth

52

axill-

Of or pertaining to the armpit (uncommon as a prefix)

53

azo(to)

nitrogenous compound

54

balano-

Of the glans penis or glans clitoridis

55

bi-

twice, double

56

bio-

life

57

blast(o)-

germ or bud

58

blephar(o)-

Of or pertaining to the eyelid

59

brachi(o)-

Of or relating to the arm

60

brachy-

Indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little'

61

brady-

slow'

62

bronch(i)-

bronchus

63

bucc(o)-

Of or pertaining to the cheek

64

burs(o)-

bursa (fluid sac between the bones)

65

capill-

Of or pertaining to hair

66

capit-

Pertaining to the head (as a whole)

67

carcin(o)-

cancer

68

cardi(o)-

Of or pertaining to the heart

69

carp(o)-

Of or pertaining to the wrist

70

cata-

down, under

71

cel-

tumour

72

-cele

pouching, hernia

73

-centesis

surgical puncture for aspiration

74

cephal(o)-

Of or pertaining to the head (as a whole)

75

cerat(o)-

Of or pertaining to the cornu; a horn

76

cerebell(o)-

Of or pertaining to the cerebellum

77

cerebr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the brain

78

cervic-

Of or pertaining to the neck, the cervix

79

cheil(o)-, chil(o)-

lip

80

chem(o)-

chemistry, drug

81

chir(o)-, cheir(o)-

Of or pertaining to the hand

82

chlor(o)-

Denoting a green color

83

chol(e)-

Of or pertaining to bile

84

cholecyst(o)-

Of or pertaining to the gallbladder

85

chondr(i)o-

cartilage, gristle, granule, granular

86

chrom(ato)-

color

87

-cidal, -cide

killing, destroying

88

cili-

Of or pertaining to the cilia, the eyelashes; eyelids

89

circum-

Denoting something as 'around' another

90

cis-

on this side

91

clast

break

92

co-

with, together, in association

93

col-, colo-, colono-

colon

94

colp(o)-

Of or pertaining to the vagina

95

com-

with, together

96

contra

against

97

cor-

with, together

98

cor-, core-, coro-

Of or pertaining to eye's pupil

99

cordi-

Of or pertaining to the heart [Uncommon as a prefix]

100

cornu-

Applied to processes and parts of the body describing them likened or similar to horns

101

coron(o)-

crown

102

corpor-

body

103

cost(o)-

Of or pertaining to the ribs

104

cox-

Of or relating to the hip, haunch, or hip-joint

105

crani(o)-

Belonging or relating to the cranium

106

-crine, crin(o)

to secrete

107

cry(o)-

cold

108

cut-, cutane- cuticul,

skin

109

cyan(o)-

Denotes a blue color

110

cycl-

circle, cycle

111

cyph(o)-

Denotes something as bent (uncommon as a prefix)

112

cyst(o)-, cyst(i)-

Of or pertaining to the urinary bladder

113

cyt(o)-

cell

114

-cyte

cell

115

dacryo-

tear

116

-dactyl(o)-

Of or pertaining to a finger, toe

117

de-

away from, cessation

118

dent-

Of or pertaining to teeth

119

dermat(o)-, derm(o)-

Of or pertaining to the skin

120

-desis

binding

121

dextr(o)-

right, on the right side

122

di-

two

123

di-

apart, separation

124

dia-

through, during, across

125

dif-

apart, separation

126

digit-

Of or pertaining to the finger [rare as a root]

127

-dipsia

suffix meaning "(condition of) thirst"'

128

dis-

separation, taking apart

129

dors(o)-, dors(i)-

Of or pertaining to the back

130

dromo-

running, conduction, course

131

duodeno-

duodenum, twelve: upper part of the small intestine (twelve inches long on average), connects to the stomach

132

dynam(o)-

force, energy, power

133

-dynia

pain

134

dys-

bad, difficult, defective, abnormal

135

-eal

pertaining to

136

ec-

out, away

137

ect(o)-

outer, outside

138

-ectasia, -ectasis

expansion, dilation

139

-ectomy

Denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part. Resection, excision

140

-emesis

vomiting condition

141

-emia

blood condition (AmE)

142

encephal(o)-

Of or pertaining to the brain. Also see Cerebro.

143

endo-

Denotes something as 'inside' or 'within'

144

eosin(o)-

Red

145

enter(o)-

Of or pertaining to the intestine

146

epi-

on, upon

147

episi(o)-

Of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins

148

erythr(o)-

Denotes a red color

149

-esophageal, -esophago-

gullet (AmE)

150

esthesio-

sensation (AmE)

151

eu-

true, good, well, new

152

ex-

out of, away from

153

exo-

Denotes something as 'outside' another

154

extra-

outside

155

faci(o)-

Of or pertaining to the face

156

fell-

gallbladder

157

fibr(o)

fiber

158

filli-

fine, hair like

159

-form, -iform

Used to form adjectives indicating 'having the form of'

160

fore-

before or ahead

161

fossa

A hollow or depressed area; trench or channel

162

front-

Of or pertaining to the forehead

163

galact(o)-

milk

164

gastr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the stomach

165

-gen

(1) Denotes the sense 'born in, from' (2) Denotes the sense 'of a certain kind'

166

-genic

Formative, pertaining to producing

167

genu-, gon-

Of or pertaining to the knee

168

gingiv-

Of or pertaining to the gums