HOSA Bowl- Medical Terminology Part 2 Flashcards Preview

HOSA Bowl 2014 > HOSA Bowl- Medical Terminology Part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HOSA Bowl- Medical Terminology Part 2 Deck (168):
1

glauc(o)-

Denoting a grey or bluish-grey colour

2

gloss(o)-, glott(o)-

Of or pertaining to the tongue

3

gluco-

sweet

4

glyc(o)-

sugar

5

gnath(o)-

Of or pertaining to the jaw

6

-gnosis

knowledge

7

gon(o)-

seed, semen; also, reproductive

8

-gram, -gramme

record or picture

9

-graph

instrument used to record data or picture

10

-graphy

process of recording

11

gyn(aec)o- (BrE), gyn(ec)o- (AmE)

woman

12

halluc-

to wander in mind

13

hemat-, haemato- (haem-, hem-)

Of or pertaining to blood

14

hema or hemo-

blood (AmE)

15

hemangi or hemangio-

blood vessels

16

hemi-

one-half

17

hepat- (hepatic-)

Of or pertaining to the liver

18

heter(o)-

Denotes something as 'the other' (of two), as an addition, or different

19

hidr(o)-

sweat

20

hist(o)-, histio-

tissue

21

home(o)-

similar

22

hom(o)-

Denotes something as 'the same' as another or common

23

humer(o)-

Of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm)

24

hydr(o)-

water

25

hyper-

Denotes something as 'extreme' or 'beyond normal'

26

hyp(o)-

Denotes something as 'below normal'

27

hyster(o)-

Of or pertaining to the womb, the uterus

28

-i-asis

condition

29

iatr(o)-

Of or pertaining to medicine, or a physician [uncommon as a prefix; common as as suffix, see -iatry]

30

-iatry

Denotes a field in medicine of a certain body component

31

-ic

pertaining to

32

-icle

small

33

-ics

organized knowledge, treatment

34

idio-

self, one's own

35

ileo-

ileum

36

infra-

below

37

inter-

between, among

38

intra-

within

39

ipsi-

same

40

irid(o)-

iris

41

isch-

restriction

42

ischio-

Of or pertaining to the ischium, the hip-joint

43

-ism

condition, disease

44

-ismus

spasm, contraction

45

iso-

Denoting something as being 'equal'

46

-ist

one who specializes in

47

-ite

the nature of, resembling

48

-itis

inflammation

49

-ium

structure, tissue

50

jecor-

liver

51

Juxta (iuxta)

Near to, alongside or next to

52

kal-

potassium

53

karyo-

nucleus

54

kerat(o)-

cornea (eye or skin)

55

kin(e)-, kin(o), kinesi(o)-

movement

56

koil(o)-

hollow

57

kyph(o)-

humped

58

labi(o)-

Of or pertaining to the lip

59

lacrim(o)-

tear

60

lact(i)-, lact(o)

milk

61

lapar(o)-

Of or pertaining to the abdomen-wall, flank

62

laryng(o)-

Of or pertaining to the larynx, the lower throat cavity where the voice box is

63

latero-

lateral

64

lei(o)-

smooth

65

-lepsis, -lepsy

attack, seizure

66

lept(o)-

light, slender

67

leuc(o)-, leuk(o)-

Denoting a white color

68

lingu(a)-, lingu(o)-

Of or pertaining to the tongue

69

lip(o)-

fat

70

lith(o)-

stone, calculus

71

log(o)-

speech

72

-logist

Denotes someone who studies a certain field: _____-logy

73

-logy

Denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; The study of

74

lymph(o)-

lymph

75

lys(o)-, -lytic

dissolution

76

-lysis

Destruction, separation

77

macr(o)-

large, long

78

-malacia

softening

79

mamm(o)-

Of or pertaining to the breast

80

mammill(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nipple

81

manu-

Of or pertaining to the hand

82

mast(o)-

Of or pertaining to the breast

83

medull-

bone marrow, marrow

84

meg(a)-, megal(o)-, -megaly

enlargement, million

85

melan(o)-

black color

86

melos

extremity

87

mening(o)-

membrane

88

ment-

mind

89

mero-

part

90

mes(o)-

middle

91

meta-

after, behind

92

-meter

instrument used to measure or count

93

-metry

process of measuring

94

metr(o)-

Pertaining to conditions or instruments of the uterus

95

micro-

denoting something as small, or relating to smallness, millionth

96

milli-

thousandth

97

mon(o)-

single

98

morph(o)-

form, shape

99

muscul(o)-

muscle

100

my(o)-

Of or relating to muscle

101

myc(o)-

fungus

102

myel(o)-

Of or relating to bone marrow or spinal cord

103

myl(o)-

Of or relating to molar teeth or lower jaw

104

myri-

ten thousand

105

myring(o)-

eardrum

106

myx(o)-

mucus

107

narc(o)-

numb, sleep

108

nas(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nose

109

necr(o)-

death

110

neo-

new

111

nephr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the kidney

112

nerv-

Of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system [Uncommon as a root: neuro- mostly always used]

113

neur(i)-, neur(o)-

Of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system

114

normo-

normal

115

ocul(o)-

Of or pertaining to the eye

116

odont(o)-

Of or pertaining to teeth

117

odyn(o)-

pain

118

-oesophageal, oesophago- (BrE)

gullet

119

-oid

resemblance to

120

ole

small or little

121

olig(o)-

Denoting something as 'having little, having few'

122

om(o)-

Of or pertaining to the shoulder

123

-oma (singular), -omata (plural)

tumor, mass, collection

124

omphal(o)-

Of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus

125

onco-

tumor, bulk, volume

126

onych(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe)

127

oo-

Of or pertaining to the an egg, a woman's egg, the ovum

128

oophor(o)-

Of or pertaining to the woman's ovary

129

or-

mouth

130

ophthalm(o)-

Of or pertaining to the eye

131

optic(o)-

Of or relating to chemical properties of the eye

132

or(o)-

Of or pertaining to the mouth

133

orchi(o)-, orchid(o)-, orch(o)-

testis

134

orth(o)-

Denoting something as straight or correct

135

-osis

a condition, disease or increase

136

osseo-

bony

137

ossi-

bone

138

ost(e)-, oste(o)-

bone

139

ot(o)-

Of or pertaining to the ear

140

-ous

pertaining to

141

ovari(o)-

Of or pertaining to the ovaries

142

ovo-, ovi-, ov-

Of or pertaining to the eggs, the ovum

143

oxo-

addition of oxygen

144

oxy-

sharp, acid, acute, oxygen

145

pachy-

thick

146

palpebr-

Of or pertaining to the eyelid [uncommon as a root]

147

pan-, pant(o)-

Denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'

148

papill-

Of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast)

149

papul(o)-

Indicates papulosity, a small elevation or swelling in the skin, a pimple, swelling

150

para-

alongside of, abnormal

151

-paresis

slight paralysis

152

parvo-

small

153

path(o)-

disease

154

-pathy

Denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder

155

pauci-

Few

156

pector-

breast

157

ped-, -ped-, -pes

Of or pertaining to the foot; -footed

158

ped-, pedo-

Of or pertaining to the child

159

pelv(i)-, pelv(o)-

hip bone

160

-penia

deficiency

161

peo-

Of or pertaining to the penis

162

-pepsia

Denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract.

163

per-

through

164

peri-

Denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another

165

-pexy

fixation

166

phaco-

lens-shaped

167

-phage, -phagia

Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion

168

-phago-

eating, devouring